2015 ORS 810.442¹
Citations based on photo radar in highway work zones
  • response to citation

(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, when a jurisdiction or the Oregon State Police uses photo radar in a highway work zone:

(a) A citation for speeding may be issued on the basis of photo radar if the following conditions are met:

(A) The photo radar unit is operated by a uniformed police officer.

(B) The photo radar unit is operated out of a marked police vehicle.

(C) An indication of the actual speed of the vehicle is displayed within 150 feet of the location of the photo radar unit.

(D) The citation is mailed to the registered owner of the vehicle within six business days of the alleged violation.

(E) The registered owner is given 30 days from the date the citation is mailed to respond to the citation.

(F)(i) One or more highway workers, as defined in ORS 811.230 (Definitions), are present and the photo radar unit is operated within 100 yards from where highway workers are present and located on the same roadway where highway workers are present; or

(ii) The configuration of the roadway is temporarily changed within the highway work zone, including but not limited to temporary changes made to the number of usable lanes, lane width, shoulder width or curvature of the roadway, and the photo radar unit is operated within 100 yards from where the configuration of the roadway is temporarily changed and located on the same roadway where the highway configuration is temporarily changed.

(G) The jurisdiction operating photo radar complies with the requirements described in ORS 810.441 (Photo radar).

(b) A rebuttable presumption exists that the registered owner of the vehicle was the driver of the vehicle when the citation is issued and delivered as provided in this section.

(c) A person issued a citation under this subsection may respond to the citation by submitting a certificate of innocence or a certificate of nonliability under subsection (3) of this section or may make any other response allowed by law.

(2) A citation issued on the basis of photo radar may be delivered by mail or otherwise to the registered owner of the vehicle or to the driver. The citation may be prepared on a digital medium and the signature may be electronic in accordance with the provisions of ORS 84.001 (Short title) to 84.061 (Federal electronic signatures law partially superseded).

(3)(a) A registered owner of a vehicle may respond by mail to a citation issued under subsection (1) of this section by submitting, within 30 days from the mailing of the citation, a certificate of innocence swearing or affirming that the owner was not the driver of the vehicle and by providing a photocopy of the owner’s driver license. A jurisdiction that receives a certificate of innocence under this paragraph shall dismiss the citation without requiring a court appearance by the registered owner or any other information from the registered owner other than the swearing or affirmation and the photocopy. The citation may be reissued only once, only to the registered owner and only if the jurisdiction verifies that the registered owner appears to have been the driver at the time of the violation. A registered owner may not submit a certificate of innocence in response to a reissued citation.

(b) If a business or public agency responds to a citation issued under subsection (1) of this section by submitting, within 30 days from the mailing of the citation, a certificate of nonliability stating that at the time of the alleged speeding violation the vehicle was in the custody and control of an employee, or was in the custody and control of a renter or lessee under the terms of a rental agreement or lease, and if the business or public agency provides the driver license number, name and address of the employee, renter or lessee, the citation shall be dismissed with respect to the business or public agency. The citation may then be issued and delivered by mail or otherwise to the employee, renter or lessee identified in the certificate of nonliability.

(4) If the person named as the registered owner of a vehicle in the current records of the Department of Transportation fails to respond to a citation issued under subsection (1) of this section, a default judgment under ORS 153.102 (Entry) may be entered for failure to appear after notice has been given that the judgment will be entered.

(5) The penalties for and all consequences of a speeding violation initiated by the use of photo radar are the same as for a speeding violation initiated by any other means.

(6) A registered owner, employee, renter or lessee against whom a judgment for failure to appear is entered may move the court to relieve the registered owner, employee, renter or lessee from the judgment as provided in ORS 153.105 (Relief from default judgment) if the failure to appear was due to mistake, inadvertence, surprise or excusable neglect.

(7) As used in this section, "highway work zone" has the meaning given that term in ORS 811.230 (Definitions). [2007 c.634 §5; 2013 c.373 §2]

Note: Sections 1, 2 and 3, chapter 697, Oregon Laws 2013, provide:

Sec. 1. (1) The City of Fairview may, at its own cost, operate a photo radar unit in a school zone between 7 a.m. and 5 p.m. on a day when school is in session.

(2) A photo radar unit operated under this section:

(a) May not be used on controlled access highways.

(b) May not be used unless a sign is posted announcing "Traffic Laws Photo Enforced." The sign posted under this paragraph must:

(A) Be on the street on which the photo radar unit is being operated;

(B) Be between 100 and 400 yards before the location of the photo radar unit;

(C) Be at least two feet above ground level; and

(D) If posted in a school zone not otherwise marked by a flashing light used as a traffic control device, indicate that school is in session.

(c) Must be capable of making a video recording of the conduct.

(3) The City of Fairview shall, once each biennium, conduct an outcome evaluation for the purposes of subsection (4) of this section that includes:

(a) The effect of the operation of the photo radar unit on traffic safety; and

(b) The degree of public acceptance of the operation of the photo radar unit.

(4) By March 1 of each odd-numbered year, the City of Fairview shall present to the Legislative Assembly the outcome evaluation conducted by the city under subsection (3) of this section in the manner provided in ORS 192.245 (Form of report to legislature). [2013 c.697 §1]

Sec. 2. (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in the jurisdiction operating a photo radar unit under section 1 of this 2013 Act:

(a) A citation for speeding may be issued under section 1 of this 2013 Act on the basis of photo radar if:

(A) The school zone has a flashing light used as a traffic control device and operated under ORS 810.243 (Operation of flashing light indicating children in school zone), and the flashing light indicates that children may be arriving at or leaving school;

(B) A sign that provides drivers with information about the driver’s current rate of speed is posted between 100 and 400 yards before each entrance to the school zone; and

(C) A police officer who has reviewed the video recording of the conduct signs the citation.

(b) A rebuttable presumption exists that the registered owner of the vehicle was the driver of the vehicle when the citation is issued and delivered as provided in this section.

(c) An individual issued a citation under this subsection may respond to the citation by submitting a certificate of innocence under subsection (3)(a) of this section or may make any other response allowed by law.

(d) A business or public agency issued a citation under this subsection may respond to the citation by submitting a certificate of nonliability under subsection (3)(b) of this section or may make any other response allowed by law.

(2) A citation issued on the basis of photo radar may be delivered by mail or otherwise to the registered owner of the vehicle or to the driver. The citation may be prepared on a digital medium, and the signature may be electronic in accordance with the provisions of ORS 84.001 (Short title) to 84.061 (Federal electronic signatures law partially superseded).

(3)(a) An individual named as the registered owner of a vehicle in current records of the Department of Transportation may respond by mail to a citation issued under subsection (1) of this section by submitting a certificate of innocence within 30 days from the mailing of the citation swearing or affirming that the registered owner was not the driver of the vehicle and by providing a photocopy of the registered owner’s driver license. A jurisdiction that receives a certificate of innocence under this paragraph shall dismiss the citation without requiring a court appearance by the registered owner or any other information from the registered owner other than the swearing or affirmation and the photocopy. The citation may be reissued only once, only to the registered owner and only if the jurisdiction verifies that the registered owner appears to have been the driver at the time of the violation. A registered owner may not submit a certificate of innocence in response to a reissued citation.

(b) If a business or public agency named as the registered owner of a vehicle in current records of the Department of Transportation responds to a citation issued under subsection (1) of this section by submitting a certificate of nonliability within 30 days from the mailing of the citation stating that at the time of the alleged speeding violation the vehicle was in the custody and control of an employee, or was in the custody and control of a renter or lessee under the terms of a rental agreement or lease, and if the business or public agency provides the driver license number, name and address of the employee, renter or lessee, the citation shall be dismissed with respect to the business or public agency. The citation may then be issued and delivered by mail or otherwise to the employee, renter or lessee identified in the certificate of nonliability.

(4) If the registered owner, employee, renter or lessee fails to respond to a citation issued under subsection (1) of this section, a default judgment under ORS 153.102 (Entry) may be entered for failure to appear after notice has been given that the judgment will be entered.

(5) The penalties for and all consequences of a speeding violation initiated by the use of photo radar are the same as for a speeding violation initiated by any other means.

(6) A registered owner, employee, renter or lessee against whom a judgment for failure to appear is entered may move the court to relieve the registered owner, employee, renter or lessee from the judgment as provided in ORS 153.105 (Relief from default judgment) if the failure to appear was due to mistake, inadvertence, surprise or excusable neglect. [2013 c.697 §2]

Sec. 3. Sections 1 and 2 of this 2013 Act are repealed on January 2, 2022. [2013 c.697 §3]

Note: Sections 1 to 4, chapter 721, Oregon Laws 2015, provide:

Sec. 1. (1) As used in this section, "urban high crash corridor" means a segment of highway that has an incidence rate of reported traffic crashes resulting in fatalities or serious injuries that is at least 25 percent higher than the rate for highways with the same speed limit or designated speed within the jurisdiction on average between January 1, 2006, and January 1, 2016, and for which the governing body of the city makes a finding that speeding has had a negative impact on traffic safety.

(2) Notwithstanding ORS 810.438 (Photo radar), the City of Portland may, at its own cost, operate a fixed photo radar system on urban high crash corridors.

(3) A fixed photo radar unit operated under this section:

(a) May not be used on controlled access highways.

(b) May not be used unless a sign is posted announcing "Traffic Laws Photo Enforced." The sign posted under this paragraph must:

(A) Be on the street on which the fixed photo radar unit is being operated;

(B) Be between 100 and 400 yards before the location of the fixed photo radar unit;

(C) Be at least two feet above ground level;

(D) Provide drivers with information about the driver’s current rate of speed; and

(E) Conform with specifications for traffic control devices approved by the Oregon Transportation Commission under ORS 810.200 (Uniform standards for traffic control devices).

(c) Must remain in the same location for at least 180 days.

(4) The City of Portland shall, once each biennium, conduct an outcome evaluation for the purposes of subsection (5) of this section that includes:

(a) The effect of the operation of the fixed photo radar system on traffic safety;

(b) The degree of public acceptance of the operation of the fixed photo radar system; and

(c) The process of administering the use of the fixed photo radar system.

(5) By March 1 of each odd-numbered year, the City of Portland shall present to the Legislative Assembly the outcome evaluation conducted by the city under subsection (4) of this section in the manner provided in ORS 192.245 (Form of report to legislature). [2015 c.721 §1]

Sec. 2. (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in the jurisdiction operating a fixed photo radar system under section 1 of this 2015 Act:

(a) A citation for speeding may be issued on the basis of fixed photo radar if:

(A) A sign that provides drivers with information about the driver’s current rate of speed is posted between 100 and 400 yards before the location of each fixed photo radar unit; and

(B) A police officer who has reviewed the photographic evidence of the conduct signs the citation.

(b) A rebuttable presumption exists that the registered owner of the vehicle was the driver of the vehicle when the citation is issued and delivered as provided in subsection (2) of this section.

(c) An individual issued a citation under this subsection may respond to the citation by submitting a certificate of innocence under subsection (3)(a) of this section or may make any other response allowed by law.

(d) A business or public agency issued a citation under this subsection may respond to the citation by submitting an affidavit of nonliability under subsection (3)(b) of this section or may make any other response allowed by law.

(2) A citation issued on the basis of fixed photo radar may be delivered by mail or otherwise to the registered owner of the vehicle or to the driver. The citation may be prepared on a digital medium, and the signature may be electronic in accordance with the provisions of ORS 84.001 (Short title) to 84.061 (Federal electronic signatures law partially superseded).

(3)(a) An individual named as the registered owner of a vehicle in current records of the Department of Transportation may respond by mail to a citation issued under subsection (1) of this section by submitting a certificate of innocence within 30 days from the mailing of the citation swearing or affirming that the registered owner was not the driver of the vehicle and by providing a photocopy of the registered owner’s driver license. A jurisdiction that receives a certificate of innocence under this paragraph shall dismiss the citation without requiring a court appearance by the registered owner or any other information from the registered owner other than the swearing or affirmation and the photocopy. The citation may be reissued only once, only to the registered owner and only if the jurisdiction verifies that the registered owner appears to have been the driver at the time of the violation. A registered owner may not submit a certificate of innocence in response to a reissued citation.

(b) If a business or public agency named as the registered owner of a vehicle in current records of the Department of Transportation responds to a citation issued under subsection (1) of this section by submitting an affidavit of nonliability within 30 days from the mailing of the citation stating that at the time of the alleged speeding violation the vehicle was in the custody and control of an employee, or was in the custody and control of a renter or lessee under the terms of a rental agreement or lease, and if the business or public agency provides the driver license number, name and address of the employee, renter or lessee, the citation shall be dismissed with respect to the business or public agency. The citation may then be issued and delivered by mail or otherwise to the employee, renter or lessee identified in the affidavit of nonliability.

(4) If the registered owner, employee, renter or lessee fails to respond to a citation issued under this section, a default judgment under ORS 153.102 (Entry) may be entered for failure to appear after notice has been given that the judgment will be entered.

(5) The penalties for and all consequences of a speeding violation initiated by the use of fixed photo radar are the same as for a speeding violation initiated by any other means.

(6) A registered owner, employee, renter or lessee against whom a judgment for failure to appear is entered may move the court to relieve the registered owner, employee, renter or lessee from the judgment as provided in ORS 153.105 (Relief from default judgment) if the failure to appear was due to mistake, inadvertence, surprise or excusable neglect. [2015 c.721 §2]

Sec. 3. Notwithstanding ORS 153.675 (Disposition of amounts payable to state and local governments), all of the amounts paid to the City of Portland under ORS 153.640 (Disposition of fines for traffic offenses) from citations issued under section 2 of this 2015 Act may be used only for the costs of operating and maintaining fixed photo radar units in urban high crash corridors, as defined in section 1 of this 2015 Act, and for improving traffic safety for all modes of transportation. [2015 c.721 §3]

Sec. 4. Sections 1, 2 and 3 of this 2015 Act are repealed on January 2, 2024. [2015 c.721 §4]


1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 810—Road Authorities; Courts; Police; Other Enforcement Officials, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ors810.­html (2015) (last ac­cessed Jul. 16, 2016).
 
2 OregonLaws.org contains the con­tents of Volume 21 of the ORS, inserted along­side the per­tin­ent statutes. See the preface to the ORS An­no­ta­tions for more information.
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.