Discharge of ballast water prohibited
- • exemption
- • rules
- • aquatic invasive species
(1) Except as authorized by this section, the discharge of ballast water in the waters of this state is prohibited.
(2) An owner or operator of a vessel may discharge ballast water in the waters of this state:
(a) If the owner or operator has conducted a complete open sea or coastal exchange of ballast water prior to entering the waters of this state. The open sea or coastal exchange must be performed using either of the following methods:
(A) Flow-through exchange. A flow-through exchange occurs when an amount of ocean water equal to or exceeding three times the capacity of the vessel’s ballast tank is pumped into an opening in the ballast tank while the existing ballast water is discharged through another opening.
(B) An empty and refill exchange. An empty and refill exchange occurs when a ballast tank is pumped empty to the point that the pump loses suction and then is refilled with ocean water.
(b) Without performing an open sea exchange or a coastal exchange of ballast water if:
(A)(i) The owner or operator reasonably believes that an exchange would threaten the safety of the vessel; or
(ii) The exchange is not feasible due to vessel design limitations or equipment failure; and
(B) The vessel discharges only the amount of ballast water that is operationally necessary.
(c) If the ballast water is discharged in a manner consistent with standards and procedures adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under subsection (4) of this section.
(3) An owner or operator who discharges ballast water in the waters of this state under subsection (2)(b) of this section is subject to the reporting requirements under ORS 783.640 (Reporting of ballast water management).
(4)(a) The Environmental Quality Commission may adopt by rule standards and procedures that the commission considers necessary to carry out the provisions of ORS 783.625 (Definitions for ORS 783.625 to 783.640) to 783.640 (Reporting of ballast water management). The standards and procedures must minimize the risk of introducing aquatic invasive species into the waters of this state and must be based on the availability of treatment technology. Rules adopted under this subsection include, but are not limited to:
(A) Standards for the discharge of ballast water into the waters of this state and appropriate timelines for the implementation of the standards. In adopting the standards, the commission shall consider the extent to which treatment technology is feasible, practicable and commercially available, or expected to be available, by the proposed implementation timelines.
(B) Emergency response procedures for managing high-risk ballast water. The rules must define high-risk ballast water in light of the source of the water and other applicable factors. The procedures must establish notification and consultation requirements, as well as feasible alternative ballast water management strategies.
(C) Procedures for implementing alternative ballast water management strategies for the exemptions specified in subsection (2)(b) of this section.
(D) Procedures for implementing alternative ballast water management strategies for vessels with empty ballast tanks that enter the waters of this state.
(b) To the extent practicable, the commission shall adopt rules under this subsection consistent with relevant rules adopted by the States of California and Washington. [2001 c.722 §3; 2005 c.62 §3; 2009 c.148 §1; 2015 c.704 §3]
Note: Sections 1 and 2, chapter 594, Oregon Laws 2013, provide:
Sec. 1. (1)(a) There is created the Shipping Transport of Aquatic Invasive Species Task Force.
(b) The President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall each appoint one member from among members of the Legislative Assembly. Members of the Legislative Assembly appointed to the task force are ex officio nonvoting members of the task force and may act in an advisory capacity only.
(c) The Director of the Department of Environmental Quality shall appoint members to the task force to provide equitable representation from individuals who represent the interests of this state and federal, State of Washington, maritime industry, environmental and academic interests.
(2) The purpose of the task force is to study and make recommendations:
(a) For combating the introduction of aquatic nonindigenous species associated with shipping-related transport into the waters of this state;
(b) For evaluating funding mechanisms to support and maintain the prevention efforts and ballast water program activities established in ORS 783.625 (Definitions for ORS 783.625 to 783.640) to 783.640 (Reporting of ballast water management); and
(c) For changes to the ballast water program established in ORS 783.625 (Definitions for ORS 783.625 to 783.640) to 783.640 (Reporting of ballast water management), including but not limited to the following considerations:
(B) Practicable and cost-effective ballast water treatment technologies;
(C) Appropriate standards for discharge of treated ballast water into the waters of this state;
(D) The compatibility of ORS 783.625 (Definitions for ORS 783.625 to 783.640) to 783.640 (Reporting of ballast water management) with new laws enacted by the United States Congress, regulations promulgated by the United States Coast Guard and ballast water management programs established by the States of Alaska, California and Washington and the Province of British Columbia;
(E) Practicable and cost-effective techniques to combat the introduction of aquatic nonindigenous species associated with shipping-related transport into the waters of this state; and
(F) Appropriate regulations and standards to combat the introduction of aquatic nonindigenous species associated with shipping-related transport into the waters of this state.
(3) The Department of Environmental Quality may provide staff support or coordination assistance to the task force.
(4) All agencies of state government, as defined in ORS 174.111 ("State government" defined), are directed to assist the task force in the performance of its duties and, to the extent permitted by laws relating to confidentiality, to furnish such information and advice as the members of the task force consider necessary to perform their duties.
(5) A majority of the members of the task force constitutes a quorum for the transaction of business.
(6) Official action by the task force requires the approval of a majority of the members of the task force.
(7) The task force shall elect one of its members to serve as chairperson.
(8) The task force shall submit a report, including recommendations for legislation, to an interim committee of the Legislative Assembly related to natural resources no later than June 1, 2014. The task force may submit such additional reports to the Legislative Assembly, in the manner provided by ORS 192.245 (Form of report to legislature), as it deems appropriate.
(9) Notwithstanding ORS 171.072 (Salary of members and presiding officers), members of the task force who are members of the Legislative Assembly are not entitled to mileage expenses or a per diem and serve as volunteers on the task force. Other members of the task force are not entitled to compensation or reimbursement for expenses and serve as volunteers on the task force.
(10) As used in this section:
(a) "Aquatic nonindigenous species" means any species or other viable biological material that enters an ecosystem beyond its historic range.
(b) "Waters of this state" has the meaning given that term in ORS 783.625 (Definitions for ORS 783.625 to 783.640). [2013 c.594 §1]
Sec. 2. Section 1 of this 2013 Act is repealed on January 2, 2019. [2013 c.594 §2]
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.