2015 ORS 746.686¹
Use of prior claim or inquiry in determination to issue or renew homeowner insurance policy
  • rules

(1) When a consumer applies for a homeowner insurance policy, an insurer may not use:

(a) A prior claim of the consumer or a claim relating to the property to be insured, when the date of loss of the claim is more than five years preceding the date of application, to determine whether to issue the policy or to determine rates or other terms and conditions of the policy. This paragraph does not apply when the insurer uses claim experience of the consumer or of the property to provide a discount to the consumer.

(b) The first claim that the consumer made on a homeowner insurance policy within the five-year period immediately preceding the date of application to determine whether to issue the policy.

(c) A prior claim relating to the property to be insured that occurred prior to purchase of the property by the consumer, when the consumer demonstrates to the insurer’s satisfaction that the risk associated with damage resulting from the accident or occurrence that gave rise to the prior claim has been mitigated, to determine whether to issue the policy or to determine rates or other terms and conditions of the policy. For purposes of this paragraph, a risk is mitigated if the consumer has fully restored the damaged property and has repaired, replaced, restored or eliminated the condition, system or use of the property that was the underlying cause of the loss.

(2) When renewing a homeowner insurance policy, an insurer may not use:

(a) A prior claim of the consumer or a claim relating to the property to be insured, when the date of loss of the claim is more than five years before the upcoming renewal date, to determine whether to renew the policy or to determine rates or other terms and conditions of the policy. This paragraph does not apply when the insurer uses claim experience of the consumer or of the property to provide a discount to the consumer at renewal.

(b) The first claim of the consumer made within the five-year period immediately preceding the upcoming renewal date to determine whether to renew the policy.

(3) An insurer or insurance producer may not use an inquiry made by any means by the consumer to the insurer or to an insurance producer regarding the terms, conditions or coverage of an insurance policy, including an inquiry about an actual loss or claim filing process, to determine whether to issue or renew a policy or to determine rates or other terms and conditions of a policy if the consumer is not making a claim as part of the inquiry. An insurer or insurance producer may verify whether the consumer is making a claim as part of the inquiry. If the consumer affirms that the inquiry is not a claim, the insurer or insurance producer may rely on the affirmation to rebut a later assertion to the contrary. This subsection does not apply to an inquiry by a consumer relating to the possibility of a third party claim against the consumer. The Director of the Department of Consumer and Business Services may adopt rules establishing procedures to implement this subsection.

(4) This section does not prohibit an insurer from taking any underwriting or rating action that is:

(a) Based on the known condition or use of the property;

(b) Based on fraudulent acts of the consumer; or

(c) Otherwise allowed by law. [2005 c.489 §4]


1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 746—Trade Practices, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ors746.­html (2015) (last ac­cessed Jul. 16, 2016).
 
2 OregonLaws.org contains the con­tents of Volume 21 of the ORS, inserted along­side the per­tin­ent statutes. See the preface to the ORS An­no­ta­tions for more information.
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.