2017 ORS 734.840¹
Conduct of liquidation, rehabilitation or conservation proceeding involving impaired or insolvent insurer

(1) Nothing in ORS 734.750 (Short title) to 734.890 (Association not to be used in sales or solicitation) shall be construed to reduce the liability for unpaid assessments of the insureds on an impaired or insolvent insurer operating under a plan with assessment liability.

(2) Records shall be kept of all negotiations and meetings in which the Oregon Life and Health Insurance Guaranty Association or its representatives are involved to discuss the activities of the association in carrying out its powers and duties under ORS 734.810 (Duties and powers of association). Records of such negotiations or meetings shall be made public only upon the termination of a liquidation, rehabilitation or conservation proceeding involving the impaired or insolvent insurer, upon the termination of the impairment or insolvency of the insurer, or upon the order of a court of competent jurisdiction. Nothing in this subsection shall limit the duty of the association to render a report of its activities under ORS 734.850 (Examination and regulation of association by director).

(3) For the purpose of carrying out its obligations under ORS 734.750 (Short title) to 734.890 (Association not to be used in sales or solicitation), the association shall be considered to be a creditor of the impaired or insolvent insurer to the extent of assets attributable to covered policies reduced by any amounts to which the association is entitled as subrogee pursuant to ORS 734.810 (Duties and powers of association) (10). All assets of the impaired or insolvent insurer attributable to covered policies shall be used to continue all covered policies and pay all contractual obligations of the impaired or insolvent insurer as required by ORS 734.750 (Short title) to 734.890 (Association not to be used in sales or solicitation). “Assets attributable to covered policies,” as used in this subsection, is that proportion of the assets which the reserves that should have been established for such policies bear to the reserves that should have been established for all policies of insurance written by the impaired or insolvent insurer.

(4) As a creditor of the impaired or insolvent insurer as established in subsection (3) of this section and consistent with the provisions of ORS 731.648 (Duration and release of deposit), the association and other similar associations shall be entitled to receive a disbursement of assets out of the marshaled assets, from time to time as the assets become available to reimburse it, as a credit against the contractual obligations of the association as set forth in ORS 734.810 (Duties and powers of association). If the liquidator has not, within 120 days of a final determination of insolvency of an insurer by the court, made an application to the court for the approval of a proposal to disburse assets out of marshaled assets to guaranty associations having obligations because of the insolvency, then the association may apply to the court for approval of the association’s own proposal to disburse those assets.

(5)(a) Prior to the termination of any liquidation, rehabilitation or conservation proceeding, the court may take into consideration the contributions of the respective parties, including the association, the shareholders and policyholders of the insolvent insurer and any other party with a bona fide interest, in making an equitable distribution of the ownership rights of such insolvent insurer. In such a determination, consideration shall be given to the welfare of the policyholders of the continuing or successor insurer.

(b) No distribution to stockholders, if any, of an impaired or insolvent insurer shall be made until and unless the total amount of valid claims of the association for funds expended in carrying out its powers and duties under ORS 734.810 (Duties and powers of association) with respect to such insurer have been fully recovered by the association.

(6)(a) If an order for liquidation or rehabilitation of an insurer domiciled in this state has been entered, the receiver appointed under such order shall have a right to recover on behalf of the insurer, from any affiliate that controlled it, the amount of distributions, other than stock dividends paid by the insurer on its capital stock, made at any time during the five years preceding the petition for liquidation or rehabilitation, subject to the limitations of paragraphs (b), (c) and (d) of this subsection.

(b) No such dividend shall be recoverable if the insurer shows that, when paid, the distribution was lawful and reasonable, and that the insurer did not know and could not reasonably have known that the distribution might adversely affect the ability of the insurer to fulfill its contractual obligations.

(c) Any person who was an affiliate that controlled the insurer at the time the distributions were paid shall be liable up to the amount of distributions the person received. Any person who was an affiliate that controlled the insurer at the time the distributions were declared shall be liable up to the amount of distributions the person would have received if they had been paid immediately. If two persons are liable with respect to the same distributions, they shall be jointly and severally liable.

(d) The maximum amount recoverable under this subsection shall be the amount needed in excess of all other available assets of the insolvent insurer to pay the contractual obligations of the insolvent insurer.

(e) If any person liable under paragraph (c) of this subsection is insolvent, all its affiliates that controlled it at the time the dividend was paid shall be jointly and severally liable for any resulting deficiency in the amount recovered from the insolvent affiliate. [1975 c.251 §15; 1991 c.811 §7; 2011 c.142 §8]

Chapter 734

Atty. Gen. Opinions

State is not liable for losses incurred by Oregon Medical Insurance Pool and pools’ policy holders bear ultimate risk of pools’ insolvency, in that there would be no source of funds to pay benefits under their policies, (1989) Vol 46, p 155

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 734—Rehabilitation, Liquidation and Conservation of Insurers, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ors734.­html (2017) (last ac­cessed Mar. 30, 2018).
 
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2017, Chapter 734, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ano734.­html (2017) (last ac­cessed Mar. 30, 2018).
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.