2017 ORS 731.509¹
Legislative intent
  • criteria for allowing credit for reinsurance

(1) The purpose of ORS 731.509 (Legislative intent), 731.510 (Criteria for allowing reduction from liability for reinsurance), 731.511 (Criteria to be met by assuming insurer in order to be accredited as reinsurer), 731.512 (Withdrawal of insurer) and 731.516 (Mortgage insurance limitation) is to protect the interests of insureds, claimants, ceding insurers, assuming insurers and the public generally. The Legislative Assembly declares that its intent is to ensure adequate regulation of insurers and reinsurers and adequate protection for those to whom they owe obligations. In furtherance of that state interest, the Legislative Assembly mandates that upon the insolvency of an alien insurer or reinsurer that provides security to fund its United States obligations in accordance with ORS 731.509 (Legislative intent), 731.510 (Criteria for allowing reduction from liability for reinsurance), 731.511 (Criteria to be met by assuming insurer in order to be accredited as reinsurer), 731.512 (Withdrawal of insurer) and 731.516 (Mortgage insurance limitation), the assets representing the security shall be maintained in the United States and claims shall be filed with and valued by the state insurance commissioner with regulatory oversight, and the assets shall be distributed in accordance with the insurance laws of the state in which the trust is domiciled that are applicable to the liquidation of domestic United States insurers. The Legislative Assembly declares that the laws contained in ORS 731.509 (Legislative intent), 731.510 (Criteria for allowing reduction from liability for reinsurance), 731.511 (Criteria to be met by assuming insurer in order to be accredited as reinsurer), 731.512 (Withdrawal of insurer) and 731.516 (Mortgage insurance limitation) are fundamental to the business of insurance in accordance with 15 U.S.C. 1011 and 1012.

(2) The Director of the Department of Consumer and Business Services shall not allow credit for reinsurance to a domestic ceding insurer as either an asset or a reduction from liability on account of reinsurance ceded unless credit is allowed as provided under ORS 731.508 (Approved reinsurance) and unless the reinsurer meets the requirements of:

(a) Subsection (3) of this section;

(b) Subsection (4) of this section;

(c) Subsections (5) and (8) of this section;

(d) Subsections (6) and (8) of this section;

(e) Subsection (7) of this section; or

(f) Subsection (9) of this section.

(3) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an authorized assuming insurer that accepts reinsurance of risks, and retains risk thereon within such limits, as the assuming insurer is otherwise authorized to insure in this state as provided in ORS 731.508 (Approved reinsurance).

(4) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that is accredited as a reinsurer in this state as provided in ORS 731.511 (Criteria to be met by assuming insurer in order to be accredited as reinsurer). The director shall not allow credit to a domestic ceding insurer if the accreditation of the assuming insurer has been revoked by the director after notice and opportunity for hearing.

(5) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to a foreign assuming insurer or a United States branch of an alien assuming insurer meeting all of the following requirements:

(a) The foreign assuming insurer must be domiciled in a state employing standards regarding credit for reinsurance that equal or exceed the standards applicable under this section. The United States branch of an alien assuming insurer must be entered through a state employing such standards.

(b) The foreign assuming insurer or United States branch of an alien assuming insurer must maintain a combined capital and surplus in an amount not less than $20,000,000. The requirement of this paragraph does not apply to reinsurance ceded and assumed pursuant to pooling arrangements among insurers in the same holding company system.

(c) The foreign assuming insurer or United States branch of an alien assuming insurer must submit to the authority of the director to examine its books and records.

(6) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that maintains a trust fund meeting the requirements of this subsection and additionally complies with other requirements of this subsection. The trust fund must be maintained in a qualified United States financial institution, as defined in ORS 731.510 (Criteria for allowing reduction from liability for reinsurance) (1), for the payment of the valid claims of its United States policyholders and ceding insurers and their assigns and successors in interest. The assuming insurer must report annually to the director information substantially the same as that required to be reported on the annual statement form by ORS 731.574 (Annual financial statement) by authorized insurers, in order to enable the director to determine the sufficiency of the trust fund. The following requirements apply to such a trust fund:

(a) In the case of a single assuming insurer, the trust fund must consist of funds in trust in an amount not less than the assuming insurer’s liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by United States ceding insurers. In addition, the assuming insurer must maintain a trusteed surplus of not less than $20,000,000.

(b) In the case of a group including incorporated and individual unincorporated underwriters:

(A) For reinsurance ceded under reinsurance agreements with an inception, amendment or renewal date on or after August 1, 1995, the trust shall consist of a trusteed account in an amount not less than the group’s several liabilities attributable to business ceded by United States domiciled ceding insurers to any member of the group.

(B) For reinsurance ceded under reinsurance agreements with an inception date on or before July 31, 1995, and not amended or renewed after that date, notwithstanding the other provisions of ORS 731.509 (Legislative intent), 731.510 (Criteria for allowing reduction from liability for reinsurance), 731.511 (Criteria to be met by assuming insurer in order to be accredited as reinsurer), 731.512 (Withdrawal of insurer) and 731.516 (Mortgage insurance limitation), the trust shall consist of a trusteed account in an amount not less than the group’s several insurance and reinsurance liabilities attributable to business written in the United States.

(C) In addition to the trusts described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of this paragraph, the group shall maintain in trust a trusteed surplus of which $100,000,000 shall be held jointly for the benefit of the United States domiciled ceding insurers of any member of the group for all years of account.

(D) The incorporated members of the group shall not be engaged in any business other than underwriting as a member of the group and shall be subject to the same level of regulation and solvency control by the group’s domiciliary regulator as are the unincorporated members.

(E) Within 90 days after the group’s financial statements are due to be filed with the group’s domiciliary regulator, the group shall provide to the director an annual certification by the group’s domiciliary regulator of the solvency of each underwriter member or, if certification is unavailable, financial statements of each underwriter member of the group prepared by independent certified public accountants.

(c) In the case of a group of incorporated insurers described in this paragraph, the trust must be in an amount equal to the group’s several liabilities attributable to business ceded by United States ceding insurers to any member of the group pursuant to reinsurance contracts issued in the name of the group. This paragraph applies to a group of incorporated insurers under common administration that complies with the annual reporting requirements contained in this subsection and that has continuously transacted an insurance business outside the United States for at least three years immediately prior to making application for accreditation. Such a group must have an aggregate policyholders’ surplus of $10,000,000,000 and must submit to the authority of this state to examine its books and records and bear the expense of the examination. The group shall also maintain a joint trusteed surplus of which $100,000,000 must be held jointly for the benefit of United States ceding insurers of any member of the group as additional security for any such liabilities. Each member of the group shall make available to the director an annual certification of the member’s solvency by the member’s domiciliary regulator and its independent certified public accountant.

(d) The form of the trust and any amendment to the trust shall have been approved by the insurance commissioner of the state in which the trust is domiciled or by the insurance commissioner of another state who, pursuant to the terms of the trust instrument, has accepted principal regulatory oversight of the trust.

(e) The form of the trust and any trust amendments also shall be filed with the insurance commissioner of every state in which the ceding insurer beneficiaries of the trust are domiciled. The trust instrument must provide that contested claims shall be valid and enforceable upon the final order of any court of competent jurisdiction in the United States. The trust must vest legal title to its assets in its trustees for the benefit of the assuming insurer’s United States ceding insurers and their assigns and successors in interest. The trust and the assuming insurer are subject to examination as determined by the director. The trust must remain in effect for as long as the assuming insurer has outstanding obligations due under the reinsurance agreements subject to the trust.

(f) Not later than March 1 of each year, the trustees of each trust shall report to the director in writing the balance of the trust and listing the trust’s investments at the preceding year end, and shall certify the date of termination of the trust, if so planned, or certify that the trust will not expire prior to the following December 31.

(7) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer not meeting the requirements of subsection (3), (4), (5) or (6) of this section, but only as to the insurance of risks located in jurisdictions in which the reinsurance is required by applicable law or regulation of that jurisdiction.

(8) If the assuming insurer is not authorized to transact insurance in this state or accredited as a reinsurer in this state, the director shall not allow the credit permitted by subsections (5) and (6) of this section unless the assuming insurer agrees in the reinsurance agreement to the provisions stated in this subsection. This subsection is not intended to conflict with or override the obligation of the parties to a reinsurance agreement to arbitrate their disputes, if such an obligation is created in the agreement. The assuming insurer must agree in the reinsurance agreement:

(a) That in the event of the failure of the assuming insurer to perform its obligations under the terms of the reinsurance agreement, the assuming insurer, at the request of the ceding insurer, shall submit to the jurisdiction of any court of competent jurisdiction in any state of the United States, will comply with all requirements necessary to give the court jurisdiction and will abide by the final decision of the court or of any appellate court in the event of an appeal; and

(b) To designate the director or a designated attorney as its true and lawful attorney upon whom any lawful process in any action, suit or proceeding instituted by or on behalf of the ceding company may be served.

(9) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to the Oregon Reinsurance Program established in section 18, chapter 538, Oregon Laws 2017.

(10) If the assuming insurer does not meet the requirements of subsection (3), (4) or (5) of this section, the credit permitted by subsection (6) of this section shall not be allowed unless the assuming insurer agrees in the trust agreements to the following conditions:

(a) Notwithstanding any other provisions in the trust instrument, if the trust fund is inadequate because it contains an amount less than the applicable amount required by subsection (6)(a), (b) or (c) of this section, or if the grantor of the trust has been declared insolvent or placed into receivership, rehabilitation, liquidation or similar proceedings under the laws of the grantor’s state or country of domicile, the trustee shall comply with an order of the insurance commissioner with regulatory oversight over the trust or with an order of a court of competent jurisdiction directing the trustee to transfer to the insurance commissioner with regulatory oversight all the assets of the trust fund.

(b) The assets shall be distributed by and claims shall be filed with and valued by the insurance commissioner with regulatory oversight in accordance with the laws of the state in which the trust is domiciled that are applicable to the liquidation of domestic insurance companies.

(c) If the insurance commissioner with regulatory oversight determines that the assets of the trust fund or any part thereof are not necessary to satisfy the claims of the United States ceding insurers of the grantor of the trust, the assets or part thereof shall be returned by the insurance commissioner according to the laws of that state and according to the terms of the trust agreement not inconsistent with the laws of that state.

(d) The grantor shall waive any right otherwise available to it under United States law that is inconsistent with this subsection. [1993 c.447 §65; 1995 c.99 §1; 2001 c.318 §15; 2013 c.698 §§5,35; 2017 c.538 §23]

Note: The amendments to 731.509 (Legislative intent) by section 25, chapter 538, Oregon Laws 2017, become operative January 2, 2024. See section 46, chapter 538, Oregon Laws 2017. The text that is operative on and after January 2, 2024, is set forth for the user’s convenience.

731.509 (Legislative intent). (1) The purpose of ORS 731.509 (Legislative intent), 731.510 (Criteria for allowing reduction from liability for reinsurance), 731.511 (Criteria to be met by assuming insurer in order to be accredited as reinsurer), 731.512 (Withdrawal of insurer) and 731.516 (Mortgage insurance limitation) is to protect the interests of insureds, claimants, ceding insurers, assuming insurers and the public generally. The Legislative Assembly declares that its intent is to ensure adequate regulation of insurers and reinsurers and adequate protection for those to whom they owe obligations. In furtherance of that state interest, the Legislative Assembly mandates that upon the insolvency of an alien insurer or reinsurer that provides security to fund its United States obligations in accordance with ORS 731.509 (Legislative intent), 731.510 (Criteria for allowing reduction from liability for reinsurance), 731.511 (Criteria to be met by assuming insurer in order to be accredited as reinsurer), 731.512 (Withdrawal of insurer) and 731.516 (Mortgage insurance limitation), the assets representing the security shall be maintained in the United States and claims shall be filed with and valued by the state insurance commissioner with regulatory oversight, and the assets shall be distributed in accordance with the insurance laws of the state in which the trust is domiciled that are applicable to the liquidation of domestic United States insurers. The Legislative Assembly declares that the laws contained in ORS 731.509 (Legislative intent), 731.510 (Criteria for allowing reduction from liability for reinsurance), 731.511 (Criteria to be met by assuming insurer in order to be accredited as reinsurer), 731.512 (Withdrawal of insurer) and 731.516 (Mortgage insurance limitation) are fundamental to the business of insurance in accordance with 15 U.S.C. 1011 and 1012.

(2) The Director of the Department of Consumer and Business Services shall not allow credit for reinsurance to a domestic ceding insurer as either an asset or a reduction from liability on account of reinsurance ceded unless credit is allowed as provided under ORS 731.508 (Approved reinsurance) and unless the reinsurer meets the requirements of:

(a) Subsection (3) of this section;

(b) Subsection (4) of this section;

(c) Subsections (5) and (8) of this section;

(d) Subsections (6) and (8) of this section; or

(e) Subsection (7) of this section.

(3) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an authorized assuming insurer that accepts reinsurance of risks, and retains risk thereon within such limits, as the assuming insurer is otherwise authorized to insure in this state as provided in ORS 731.508 (Approved reinsurance).

(4) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that is accredited as a reinsurer in this state as provided in ORS 731.511 (Criteria to be met by assuming insurer in order to be accredited as reinsurer). The director shall not allow credit to a domestic ceding insurer if the accreditation of the assuming insurer has been revoked by the director after notice and opportunity for hearing.

(5) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to a foreign assuming insurer or a United States branch of an alien assuming insurer meeting all of the following requirements:

(a) The foreign assuming insurer must be domiciled in a state employing standards regarding credit for reinsurance that equal or exceed the standards applicable under this section. The United States branch of an alien assuming insurer must be entered through a state employing such standards.

(b) The foreign assuming insurer or United States branch of an alien assuming insurer must maintain a combined capital and surplus in an amount not less than $20,000,000. The requirement of this paragraph does not apply to reinsurance ceded and assumed pursuant to pooling arrangements among insurers in the same holding company system.

(c) The foreign assuming insurer or United States branch of an alien assuming insurer must submit to the authority of the director to examine its books and records.

(6) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that maintains a trust fund meeting the requirements of this subsection and additionally complies with other requirements of this subsection. The trust fund must be maintained in a qualified United States financial institution, as defined in ORS 731.510 (Criteria for allowing reduction from liability for reinsurance) (1), for the payment of the valid claims of its United States policyholders and ceding insurers and their assigns and successors in interest. The assuming insurer must report annually to the director information substantially the same as that required to be reported on the annual statement form by ORS 731.574 (Annual financial statement) by authorized insurers, in order to enable the director to determine the sufficiency of the trust fund. The following requirements apply to such a trust fund:

(a) In the case of a single assuming insurer, the trust fund must consist of funds in trust in an amount not less than the assuming insurer’s liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by United States ceding insurers. In addition, the assuming insurer must maintain a trusteed surplus of not less than $20,000,000.

(b) In the case of a group including incorporated and individual unincorporated underwriters:

(A) For reinsurance ceded under reinsurance agreements with an inception, amendment or renewal date on or after August 1, 1995, the trust shall consist of a trusteed account in an amount not less than the group’s several liabilities attributable to business ceded by United States domiciled ceding insurers to any member of the group.

(B) For reinsurance ceded under reinsurance agreements with an inception date on or before July 31, 1995, and not amended or renewed after that date, notwithstanding the other provisions of ORS 731.509 (Legislative intent), 731.510 (Criteria for allowing reduction from liability for reinsurance), 731.511 (Criteria to be met by assuming insurer in order to be accredited as reinsurer), 731.512 (Withdrawal of insurer) and 731.516 (Mortgage insurance limitation), the trust shall consist of a trusteed account in an amount not less than the group’s several insurance and reinsurance liabilities attributable to business written in the United States.

(C) In addition to the trusts described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of this paragraph, the group shall maintain in trust a trusteed surplus of which $100,000,000 shall be held jointly for the benefit of the United States domiciled ceding insurers of any member of the group for all years of account.

(D) The incorporated members of the group shall not be engaged in any business other than underwriting as a member of the group and shall be subject to the same level of regulation and solvency control by the group’s domiciliary regulator as are the unincorporated members.

(E) Within 90 days after the group’s financial statements are due to be filed with the group’s domiciliary regulator, the group shall provide to the director an annual certification by the group’s domiciliary regulator of the solvency of each underwriter member or, if certification is unavailable, financial statements of each underwriter member of the group prepared by independent certified public accountants.

(c) In the case of a group of incorporated insurers described in this paragraph, the trust must be in an amount equal to the group’s several liabilities attributable to business ceded by United States ceding insurers to any member of the group pursuant to reinsurance contracts issued in the name of the group. This paragraph applies to a group of incorporated insurers under common administration that complies with the annual reporting requirements contained in this subsection and that has continuously transacted an insurance business outside the United States for at least three years immediately prior to making application for accreditation. Such a group must have an aggregate policyholders’ surplus of $10,000,000,000 and must submit to the authority of this state to examine its books and records and bear the expense of the examination. The group shall also maintain a joint trusteed surplus of which $100,000,000 must be held jointly for the benefit of United States ceding insurers of any member of the group as additional security for any such liabilities. Each member of the group shall make available to the director an annual certification of the member’s solvency by the member’s domiciliary regulator and its independent certified public accountant.

(d) The form of the trust and any amendment to the trust shall have been approved by the insurance commissioner of the state in which the trust is domiciled or by the insurance commissioner of another state who, pursuant to the terms of the trust instrument, has accepted principal regulatory oversight of the trust.

(e) The form of the trust and any trust amendments also shall be filed with the insurance commissioner of every state in which the ceding insurer beneficiaries of the trust are domiciled. The trust instrument must provide that contested claims shall be valid and enforceable upon the final order of any court of competent jurisdiction in the United States. The trust must vest legal title to its assets in its trustees for the benefit of the assuming insurer’s United States ceding insurers and their assigns and successors in interest. The trust and the assuming insurer are subject to examination as determined by the director. The trust must remain in effect for as long as the assuming insurer has outstanding obligations due under the reinsurance agreements subject to the trust.

(f) Not later than March 1 of each year, the trustees of each trust shall report to the director in writing the balance of the trust and listing the trust’s investments at the preceding year end, and shall certify the date of termination of the trust, if so planned, or certify that the trust will not expire prior to the following December 31.

(7) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer not meeting the requirements of subsection (3), (4), (5) or (6) of this section, but only as to the insurance of risks located in jurisdictions in which the reinsurance is required by applicable law or regulation of that jurisdiction.

(8) If the assuming insurer is not authorized to transact insurance in this state or accredited as a reinsurer in this state, the director shall not allow the credit permitted by subsections (5) and (6) of this section unless the assuming insurer agrees in the reinsurance agreement to the provisions stated in this subsection. This subsection is not intended to conflict with or override the obligation of the parties to a reinsurance agreement to arbitrate their disputes, if such an obligation is created in the agreement. The assuming insurer must agree in the reinsurance agreement:

(a) That in the event of the failure of the assuming insurer to perform its obligations under the terms of the reinsurance agreement, the assuming insurer, at the request of the ceding insurer, shall submit to the jurisdiction of any court of competent jurisdiction in any state of the United States, will comply with all requirements necessary to give the court jurisdiction and will abide by the final decision of the court or of any appellate court in the event of an appeal; and

(b) To designate the director or a designated attorney as its true and lawful attorney upon whom any lawful process in any action, suit or proceeding instituted by or on behalf of the ceding company may be served.

(9) If the assuming insurer does not meet the requirements of subsection (3), (4) or (5) of this section, the credit permitted by subsection (6) of this section shall not be allowed unless the assuming insurer agrees in the trust agreements to the following conditions:

(a) Notwithstanding any other provisions in the trust instrument, if the trust fund is inadequate because it contains an amount less than the applicable amount required by subsection (6)(a), (b) or (c) of this section, or if the grantor of the trust has been declared insolvent or placed into receivership, rehabilitation, liquidation or similar proceedings under the laws of the grantor’s state or country of domicile, the trustee shall comply with an order of the insurance commissioner with regulatory oversight over the trust or with an order of a court of competent jurisdiction directing the trustee to transfer to the insurance commissioner with regulatory oversight all the assets of the trust fund.

(b) The assets shall be distributed by and claims shall be filed with and valued by the insurance commissioner with regulatory oversight in accordance with the laws of the state in which the trust is domiciled that are applicable to the liquidation of domestic insurance companies.

(c) If the insurance commissioner with regulatory oversight determines that the assets of the trust fund or any part thereof are not necessary to satisfy the claims of the United States ceding insurers of the grantor of the trust, the assets or part thereof shall be returned by the insurance commissioner according to the laws of that state and according to the terms of the trust agreement not inconsistent with the laws of that state.

(d) The grantor shall waive any right otherwise available to it under United States law that is inconsistent with this subsection.

Chapter 731

Atty. Gen. Opinions

Vehicle service contracts sold to purchasers by motorcycle and motor vehicle dealers as constituting sale of insurance, (1978) Vol 38, p 2218

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 731—Administration and General Provisions, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ors731.­html (2017) (last ac­cessed Mar. 30, 2018).
 
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2017, Chapter 731, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ano731.­html (2017) (last ac­cessed Mar. 30, 2018).
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.