2015 ORS 696.505¹
Definitions for ORS 696.505 to 696.590

As used in ORS 696.505 (Definitions for ORS 696.505 to 696.590) to 696.590 (Penalty amounts):

(1) "Close an escrow" means the final disbursement of all funds, property and documents in an escrow as directed by written escrow instructions from the principals.

(2) "Collection escrow" means an escrow in which the escrow agent:

(a) Receives:

(A) Installment payments;

(B) Instruments evidencing or securing an obligation; or

(C) Instruments discharging the security interest; and

(b) Disburses the payments or delivers the instruments upon specified conditions pursuant to the written instructions of an obligor and obligee.

(3) "Compensation" means a fee, commission, salary, money or valuable consideration for services rendered or to be rendered as well as the promise thereof and whether contingent or otherwise.

(4) "Escrow" means a transaction in which any written instrument, money, evidence of title to real or personal property or other thing of value is delivered, for the purpose of paying an obligation or effecting the sale, transfer, encumbrance or lease of real or personal property, to a person not otherwise having any right, title or interest therein, to be held by that person as a neutral third party until the happening of a specified event or the performance of a prescribed condition, when it is then to be delivered by the neutral third party to a grantee, grantor, promisee, promisor, obligee, obligor, bailee, bailor or any agent or employee of any of them pursuant to the written instructions of the principals to the transaction.

(5) "Escrow agent" means a person who engages in the business of receiving escrows for deposit or delivery and who receives or is promised compensation, whether contingent or otherwise, for or in anticipation of performance.

(6) "Escrow trust account" means a bank account that meets all of the following requirements:

(a) Is kept separate, distinct and apart from funds belonging to the escrow agent;

(b) Is designated as an escrow trust account; and

(c) Is used to deposit trust funds received by an escrow agent on behalf of a principal.

(7) "Principal" means:

(a) The buyer, seller, lessor, lessee or exchanging party in an escrow transaction involving the sale, lease, lease-option or exchange of real property or personal property;

(b) The borrower in an escrow transaction involving the refinancing of real property or personal property, including but not limited to the refinancing of an obligation secured by a land sale contract requiring a deed to be delivered as part of the refinancing;

(c) The buyer, seller, lender, borrower, vendor or vendee in a collection escrow;

(d) A person directing the escrow agent to hold back funds from a closing escrow for payment of obligations related to the closing or the financing of real property or personal property;

(e) A person who deposits funds, property or documents in a one-sided escrow, as defined by rule of the Real Estate Commissioner; or

(f) A subservicer.

(8) "Real estate closing escrow" means an escrow in which:

(a) The escrow fee is paid in whole or in part by the principals to a real estate transaction; and

(b) The unpaid purchase price is delivered to an escrow agent for disbursal pursuant to the written instructions of the principals to the transaction simultaneously on the transfer of specified title to the real property.

(9) "Subservicer" means an escrow agent, a financial institution or a trust company, as those terms are defined in ORS 706.008 (Additional definitions for Bank Act), or a collection agency registered under ORS 697.015 (Registration requirement) when providing, pursuant to written instructions, a portion of the escrow services for an escrow to an escrow agent, or a person in the business of receiving escrows under the laws of another state, that would otherwise provide the escrow services directly to the principals.

(10) "Trust funds" means funds held by an escrow agent on behalf of a principal. [1963 c.440 §1; 1977 c.351 §4; 1981 c.617 §20; 1991 c.874 §1; 1993 c.18 §150; 2003 c.427 §4; 2005 c.116 §23; 2007 c.337 §2; 2009 c.174 §1]

Chapter 696

Atty. Gen. Opinions

Sales of subdivision lots by mobile home salespeople, (1975) Vol 37, p 865; sales or offers of interests in limited partnerships to invest in real estate, (1978) Vol 38, p 1971

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 696—Real Estate and Escrow Activities, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ors696.­html (2015) (last ac­cessed Jul. 16, 2016).
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2015, Chapter 696, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ano696.­html (2015) (last ac­cessed Jul. 16, 2016).
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.