2015 ORS 688.405¹
Definitions for ORS 688.405 to 688.605

As used in ORS 688.405 (Definitions for ORS 688.405 to 688.605) to 688.605 (Duty to report violation):

(1) "Actively engaged" means:

(a) Practicing medical imaging;

(b) Supervising or providing administrative services for medical imaging licensees, or students or trainees learning a medical imaging modality, at an institution that provides medical imaging services;

(c) Teaching, providing instruction for or administrating a medical imaging program at an institution recognized by the Board of Medical Imaging as an educational institution; or

(d) Having retired from the practice of medical imaging, provided that the retired medical imaging licensee has not been retired for more than six years and was in good standing with the board at the time of retirement.

(2) "Approved school" means a school accredited in one of the medical imaging modalities or subspecialties by a national post-secondary accreditation body and whose graduates are qualified to sit for a credentialing examination recognized by the board in the graduate’s medical imaging modality or subspecialty.

(3) "Clinical instructor" means an individual assigned to supervise students in a clinical setting who is:

(a) A licensed physician who routinely supervises the medical imaging modality being studied by a student; or

(b) An individual licensed by the board and credentialed by a credentialing organization in the medical imaging modality being studied by a student.

(4) "Credential" means the recognition awarded to an individual who meets the requirements of a credentialing organization.

(5) "Credentialing organization" means a nationally recognized organization that issues credentials through testing or evaluations that determine that a person meets defined standards for training and competence in a medical imaging modality.

(6) "Diagnostic medical sonography" means the use of nonionizing high frequency sound waves with specialized equipment to direct the sound waves into areas of the human body to generate images for the assessment and diagnosis of various medical conditions.

(7) "Graduate" means an individual who has completed the didactic and clinical education at an approved school, including documented clinical proficiency, but who has not met all requirements for credentialing by a credentialing organization.

(8) "Hybrid imaging or radiation therapy equipment" means equipment that combines more than one medical imaging modality into a single device.

(9)(a) "Ionizing radiation" means alpha particles, beta particles, gamma rays, X-rays, neutrons, high-speed electrons, high-speed protons or other particles capable of producing ions.

(b) "Ionizing radiation" does not include nonionizing radiation.

(10) "License" means a license issued by the board to practice one or more of the medical imaging modalities.

(11) "Licensed nurse practitioner" means a nurse practitioner licensed in Oregon.

(12) "Licensed physician" means a physician or surgeon licensed in Oregon.

(13) "Licensed physician assistant" means a physician assistant licensed in Oregon.

(14) "Limited X-ray machine operator" means a person who performs diagnostic X-ray procedures under the supervision of a licensed physician, licensed nurse practitioner or licensed physician assistant using equipment that emits external ionizing radiation resulting in diagnostic radiographic images that are limited to select human anatomical sites.

(15) "Limited X-ray machine operator course of study" means a board-approved set of didactic and clinical experience elements designed to prepare a person for gaining practical experience and for passing the limited X-ray machine operator examination.

(16) "Magnetic resonance imaging" means the process by which certain nuclei, when placed in a magnetic field, absorb and release energy in the form of radio waves that are analyzed by a computer thereby producing an image of human anatomy and physiological information.

(17)(a) "Medical imaging" means the use of specialized equipment for the production of visual representations of human anatomy, tissues or organs.

(b) "Medical imaging" includes but is not limited to X-ray, single photon emission, positron emission technology, ultrasound, magnetic fields, visible light and radio waves.

(18) "Medical imaging licensee" means a person other than a limited X-ray machine operator who holds a valid license and operates medical imaging equipment for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes under the supervision of a licensed physician.

(19) "Medical imaging modality" means:

(a) Diagnostic medical sonography and all its subspecialties;

(b) Magnetic resonance imaging and all its subspecialties;

(c) Nuclear medicine technology and all its subspecialties;

(d) Radiation therapy and all its subspecialties; or

(e) Radiography and all its subspecialties.

(20) "Nonionizing radiation" includes radiation such as radiofrequency or microwaves, visible, infrared or ultraviolet light or ultrasound.

(21) "Nuclear medicine technology" means the specialized equipment that measures radiation emitted by radionuclides, including counters and cameras that form medical images for interpretation by a physician, or assists in therapeutic use of radionuclides.

(22) "Radiation therapy" means the use of ionizing radiation on a human being for therapeutic purposes.

(23) "Radiographer" means a person other than a licensed physician who performs a comprehensive set of diagnostic radiographic procedures under the supervision of a licensed physician using external ionizing radiation to produce radiographic, fluoroscopic or digital images.

(24) "Radiography" means the use of ionizing radiation to produce radiographic, fluoroscopic or digital images of human anatomy for diagnostic purposes.

(25) "Radiologist" means a person licensed to practice medicine in the State of Oregon who is certified by or board eligible for certification by the American Board of Radiology, the American Osteopathic Association, the Royal College of Radiologists or the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada.

(26) "Student" means an individual enrolled in:

(a) An approved school; or

(b) A limited X-ray machine operator course of study.

(27) "Supervision" means the act of monitoring and reviewing the performance of medical imaging licensees or limited X-ray machine operators through regular inspections of work produced, regardless of whether the supervising individual is continuously physically present during the use of medical imaging equipment or X-ray equipment. [1977 c.534 §2; 1981 c.603 §6; 1999 c.517 §1; 2009 c.833 §1; 2011 c.9 §86; 2013 c.87 §1; 2015 c.385 §2]

Atty. Gen. Opinions

Licensing require­ments for hospital technicians employed by state correc­tional facilities, (1987) Vol 45, p 188


1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 688—Therapeutic and Technical Services: Physical Therapists; Medical Imaging Practitioner, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ors688.­html (2015) (last ac­cessed Jul. 16, 2016).
 
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2015, Chapter 688, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ano688.­html (2015) (last ac­cessed Jul. 16, 2016).
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.