ORS 676.551¹
Needlestick injury
  • blood draw of patient
  • test results
  • rules

(1) As used in this section:

(a) “Health care practitioner” means a person who provides medical care in an emergency setting and who is:

(A) An emergency medical services provider licensed under ORS chapter 682;

(B) A physician licensed under ORS chapter 677; or

(C) A nurse licensed under ORS 678.010 (Definitions for ORS 678.010 to 678.410) to 678.410 (Fees).

(b) “Needlestick injury” means a wound caused by a needle puncturing the skin.

(2) Notwithstanding ORS 431A.570 (Significant exposure to bodily fluids), a health care practitioner who receives a needlestick injury during the treatment of a patient who is unconscious or otherwise unable to consent may, in compliance with this section, perform a blood draw on the patient for the purpose of testing the blood to determine whether the health care practitioner needs to begin immediate post-exposure prophylactic treatment that may include the administration of medications to the health care practitioner.

(3) A blood draw described in subsection (2) of this section may be performed if:

(a) The patient is not expected to regain consciousness or the ability to consent in the amount of time necessary for the health care practitioner to receive appropriate medical treatment;

(b) There is no other person immediately available who is able to consent on behalf of the patient; and

(c) The health care practitioner will benefit medically from knowing the results of a test described under subsection (2) of this section.

(4) A test performed under this section must be anonymous.

(5) The patient, or patient’s legal guardian, must be informed of the blood draw and the test results.

(6) The results of a test described in subsection (2) of this section may not be:

(a) Made available to law enforcement agencies;

(b) Made available to any person other than the health care practitioner, the individual who performs the test and the patient or the patient’s legal guardian; or

(c) Included in the medical record of the health care practitioner or the patient.

(7) The patient, or the patient’s health insurer, may not be charged for the cost of performing a test under this section.

(8) The Oregon Health Authority may adopt rules to carry out this section. [2019 c.476 §1]

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 676—Health Professions Generally, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ors676.­html (2019) (last ac­cessed May 16, 2020).
 
2 OregonLaws.org contains the con­tents of Volume 21 of the ORS, inserted along­side the per­tin­ent statutes. See the preface to the ORS An­no­ta­tions for more information.
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent. Currency Information