2017 ORS 65.001¹
Definitions

As used in this chapter:

(1) “Anniversary” means the day each year that is exactly one or more years after the date on which the Office of the Secretary of State files the articles of incorporation for a domestic corporation or the date on which the office files an application for authority to transact business for a foreign corporation, except that an event that would otherwise cause an anniversary to fall on February 29 will cause the anniversary to fall on February 28.

(2) “Approved by the members” or “approval by the members” means approved or ratified by the members entitled to vote on the issue through either:

(a) The affirmative vote of a majority of the votes of the members represented and voting at a duly held meeting at which a quorum is present or the affirmative vote of a greater proportion including the votes of any required proportion of the members of any class as the articles, bylaws or this chapter may provide for specified types of member action; or

(b) A written ballot or written consent in conformity with this chapter.

(3) “Articles of incorporation” or “articles” means the articles described in ORS 65.047 (Articles of incorporation), amended and restated articles of incorporation or articles of merger, and corrections to the articles.

(4) “Board” or “board of directors” means the individual or individuals who are vested with overall management of the affairs of the domestic or foreign corporation, irrespective of the name by which the individual or individuals are designated, except that an individual or a group of individuals is not the board of directors because of powers delegated to the individual or group under ORS 65.301 (Requirement for and duties of board).

(5) “Bylaws” means the code or codes of rules, other than the articles adopted under this chapter or the laws governing a foreign corporation, for regulating or managing the affairs of the domestic or foreign corporation, irrespective of the name or names by which the rules are designated.

(6) “Class” means a group of memberships that have the same rights with respect to voting, dissolution, redemption and transfer. For the purpose of this section, rights are the same if the rights are determined by a formula applied uniformly.

(7)(a) “Contact address” means a mailing address, including the principal office of a corporation or foreign corporation, or a business or residential address at which a person affiliated with the corporation or foreign corporation will or has consented to receive and transmit notices intended for the corporation or foreign corporation either when sending the notices to the registered agent is not practical or when a duplicate notice is desirable.

(b) “Contact address” does not include the address of a registered agent.

(8) “Corporation” or “domestic corporation” means a nonprofit corporation that is not a foreign corporation, and that is incorporated under or subject to the provisions of this chapter.

(9) “Delegate” means a person elected or appointed to vote in a representative assembly for electing a director or directors or on other matters.

(10) “Deliver” means any method of delivery used in conventional commercial practice, including delivery by hand, mail, commercial delivery and electronic transmission.

(11) “Director” means an individual whom the articles or bylaws designate or whom the incorporators elect to act as a member of the board, and a successor to the individual.

(12) “Distribution” means paying a dividend or any part of the income or profit of a corporation to the corporation’s members, directors or officers, other than paying value for property received or services performed or paying benefits to further the corporation’s purposes.

(13) “Domestic business corporation” means a for profit corporation that is incorporated under ORS chapter 60.

(14) “Domestic limited liability company” means an unincorporated association that has one or more members and that is organized under ORS chapter 63.

(15) “Domestic professional corporation” means a corporation that is organized under ORS chapter 58 for the purpose of rendering professional services and for the purposes provided under ORS chapter 58.

(16) “Effective date of notice” has the meaning given that term in ORS 65.034 (Notice).

(17) “Employee” includes an officer or director whom the corporation employs with compensation for services beyond those encompassed by board membership.

(18) “Entity” means a corporation, foreign corporation, business corporation and foreign business corporation, profit and nonprofit unincorporated association, corporation sole, business trust, partnership, two or more persons that have a joint or common economic interest, any state, the United States, a federally recognized Native American or American Indian tribal government and any foreign government.

(19) “File,” “filed” or “filing” means reviewed, accepted and entered in the Office of the Secretary of State.

(20) “Foreign business corporation” means a for profit corporation that is incorporated under laws other than the laws of the state.

(21) “Foreign corporation” means a corporation that is organized under laws other than the laws of the state and that would be a nonprofit corporation if formed under the laws of the state.

(22) “Foreign limited liability company” means an unincorporated association that is organized under laws other than the laws of the state and that is organized under a statute under which an association may be formed that affords to each of the entity’s members limited liability with respect to liabilities of the entity.

(23) “Foreign professional corporation” means a professional corporation that is organized under laws other than the laws of the state.

(24) “Governmental subdivision” includes an authority, county, district and municipality.

(25) “Individual” means a natural person, including the guardian of an incompetent individual.

(26)(a) “Member” means a person that is entitled, under a domestic or foreign corporation’s articles or bylaws, without regard to what the person is called in the articles or bylaws, to vote on more than one occasion to elect a director or directors.

(b) “Member” does not include:

(A) A person that has only one or more of the following rights:

(i) As a delegate;

(ii) To designate or appoint a director or directors;

(iii) As a director; or

(iv) As a holder of an evidence of indebtedness the corporation has issued or will issue.

(B) A person whose membership rights have been eliminated as provided in ORS 65.164 (Resignation) or 65.167 (Termination, expulsion or suspension).

(27) “Membership” means the rights and obligations a member has under this chapter.

(28) “Mutual benefit corporation” means a domestic corporation that is formed as a mutual benefit corporation under ORS 65.044 (Incorporators) to 65.067 (Corporation sole) and is designated a mutual benefit corporation by a statute or does not come within the definition of public benefit or religious corporation.

(29) “Nonprofit corporation” means a mutual benefit corporation, a public benefit corporation or a religious corporation.

(30) “Notice” has the meaning given that term in ORS 65.034 (Notice).

(31) “Office,” when used to refer to the administrative unit directed by the Secretary of State, means the Office of the Secretary of State.

(32) “Person” means individual or entity.

(33)(a) “Principal office” means the physical street address of the place, in or out of this state, where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located and that is designated as the principal office in the most recent annual report filed pursuant to ORS 65.787 (Annual report) or, if no annual report is on file, in the articles of incorporation or the application for authority to transact business in this state.

(b) “Principal office” does not include a commercial mail receiving agency, a mail forwarding business or a virtual office.

(34) “Proceeding” means a civil, criminal, administrative or investigatory action.

(35) “Public benefit corporation” means a domestic corporation that:

(a) Is formed as a public benefit corporation under ORS 65.044 (Incorporators) to 65.067 (Corporation sole), is designated as a public benefit corporation by a statute, is recognized as tax exempt under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 or is otherwise organized for a public or charitable purpose;

(b) Is restricted so that on dissolution the corporation must distribute the corporation’s assets to an organization organized for a public or charitable purpose, a religious corporation, the United States, a state or a person that is recognized as exempt under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; and

(c) Does not come within the definition of “religious corporation.”

(36) “Record date” means the date established under ORS 65.131 (Admission) to 65.177 (Delegates) or 65.201 (Annual and regular meetings) to 65.254 (Voting agreements) on which a corporation determines the identity of the corporation’s members and the members’ membership rights for the purposes of this chapter.

(37) “Religious corporation” means a domestic corporation that is formed as a religious corporation under ORS 65.044 (Incorporators) to 65.067 (Corporation sole), is designated a religious corporation by a statute or is organized primarily or exclusively for religious purposes.

(38) “Remote communication” means any method by which a person that is not physically present at the location at which a meeting occurs may nevertheless hear or otherwise communicate at substantially the same time with other persons at the meeting and have access to materials necessary to participate or vote in the meeting to the extent of the person’s authorization to participate or vote.

(39) “Secretary,” when used in the context of a corporate official, means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under ORS 65.371 (Required officers) for preparing the minutes of the directors’ and members’ meetings and for authenticating the records of the corporation.

(40) “State,” when referring to a part of the United States, means a state, commonwealth, territory or insular possession of the United States and the agencies and governmental subdivisions of the state, commonwealth, territory or insular possession.

(41) “Uncompensated officer” means an individual who serves in an office without compensation for personal service. For purposes of this subsection, payment solely for actual expenses in performing duties of the officer or a stipend that is paid only to compensate the average expenses the individual incurs over the course of a year is not compensation.

(42) “United States” means the federal government or a district, authority, bureau, commission, department or any other agency of the United States.

(43) “Vote” means authorization by written ballot and written consent, where permitted.

(44) “Voting power” means the total number of votes entitled to be cast on an issue at the time the determination of voting power is made, excluding a vote that is contingent upon a condition or event occurring that has not occurred at the time. [1989 c.1010 §14; 1991 c.231 §1; 2001 c.315 §35; 2005 c.107 §4; 2009 c.14 §4; 2009 c.294 §7; 2013 c.158 §27; 2013 c.274 §17; 2017 c.705 §26]

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 65—Nonprofit Corporations, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ors065.­html (2017) (last ac­cessed Mar. 30, 2018).
 
2 OregonLaws.org contains the con­tents of Volume 21 of the ORS, inserted along­side the per­tin­ent statutes. See the preface to the ORS An­no­ta­tions for more information.
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.