Liability in connection with sale or successful solicitation of sale of securities
- • recovery by purchaser
- • limitations on proceeding
- • attorney fees
(1) A person is liable as provided in subsection (2) of this section to a purchaser of a security if the person:
(a) Sells or successfully solicits the sale of a security, other than a federal covered security, in violation of the Oregon Securities Law or of any condition, limitation or restriction imposed upon a registration or license under the Oregon Securities Law; or
(b) Sells or successfully solicits the sale of a security in violation of ORS 59.135 (Fraud and deceit with respect to securities or securities business) (1) or (3) or by means of an untrue statement of a material fact or an omission to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which they are made, not misleading (the buyer not knowing of the untruth or omission), and who does not sustain the burden of proof that the person did not know, and in the exercise of reasonable care could not have known, of the untruth or omission.
(2) The purchaser may recover:
(a) Upon tender of the security, the consideration paid for the security, and interest from the date of payment equal to the greater of the rate of interest specified in ORS 82.010 (Legal rate of interest) for judgments for the payment of money or the rate provided in the security if the security is an interest-bearing obligation, less any amount received on the security; or
(b) If the purchaser no longer owns the security, damages in the amount that would be recoverable upon a tender, less the value of the security when the purchaser disposed of it and less interest on such value at the rate of interest specified in ORS 82.010 (Legal rate of interest) for judgments for the payment of money from the date of disposition.
(3) Every person who directly or indirectly controls a seller liable under subsection (1) of this section, every partner, limited liability company manager, including a member who is a manager, officer or director of such seller, every person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions, and every person who participates or materially aids in the sale is also liable jointly and severally with and to the same extent as the seller, unless the nonseller sustains the burden of proof that the nonseller did not know, and, in the exercise of reasonable care, could not have known, of the existence of facts on which the liability is based. Any person held liable under this section shall be entitled to contribution from those jointly and severally liable with that person.
(4) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (3) of this section, a person whose sole function in connection with the sale of a security is to provide ministerial functions of escrow, custody or deposit services in accordance with applicable law is liable only if the person participates or materially aids in the sale and the purchaser sustains the burden of proof that the person knew of the existence of facts on which liability is based or that the person’s failure to know of the existence of such facts was the result of the person’s recklessness or gross negligence.
(5) Any tender specified in this section may be made at any time before entry of judgment.
(6) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, no action or suit may be commenced under this section more than three years after the sale. An action under this section for a violation of subsection (1)(b) of this section or ORS 59.135 (Fraud and deceit with respect to securities or securities business) may be commenced within three years after the sale or two years after the person bringing the action discovered or should have discovered the facts on which the action is based, whichever is later. Failure to commence an action on a timely basis is an affirmative defense.
(7) An action may not be commenced under this section solely because an offer was made prior to registration of the securities.
(8) Any person having a right of action against a broker-dealer, state investment adviser or against a salesperson or investment adviser representative acting within the course and scope or apparent course and scope of authority of the salesperson or investment adviser representative, under this section shall have a right of action under the bond or irrevocable letter of credit provided in ORS 59.175 (Procedures for notice filing and licensing).
(9) Subsection (4) of this section shall not limit the liability of any person:
(a) For conduct other than in the circumstances described in subsection (4) of this section; or
(b) Under any other law, including any other provisions of the Oregon Securities Law.
(10) Except as provided in subsection (11) of this section, the court may award reasonable attorney fees to the prevailing party in an action under this section.
(11) The court may not award attorney fees to a prevailing defendant under the provisions of subsection (10) of this section if the action under this section is maintained as a class action pursuant to ORCP 32. [1967 c.537 §13(1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (7); 1985 c.349 §13; 1987 c.158 §10; 1987 c.603 §6; 1989 c.197 §5; 1991 c.331 §15; 1991 c.762 §1; 1993 c.508 §28; 1995 c.93 §27; 1995 c.696 §9; 1997 c.772 §9; 2003 c.576 §318; 2003 c.631 §1; 2003 c.786 §1]
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.