2017 ORS 498.022¹
Purchase, sale, exchange or possession of wildlife or wildlife parts or products
  • rules
  • penalty

(1) Except as the State Fish and Wildlife Commission by rule may provide otherwise, but subject to subsection (2) of this section, a person may not purchase, sell or exchange, or offer to purchase, sell or exchange any wildlife, or any part of any wildlife.

(2)(a) Except as provided in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this subsection, and notwithstanding any other provision of law, or rule enacted pursuant to subsection (1) of this section, a person may not purchase, sell, offer for sale or possess with intent to sell any item that the person knows or should know is a covered animal species part or product.

(b) This subsection does not apply:

(A) To employees or agents of the federal or state government undertaking any law enforcement activities pursuant to federal or state law or any mandatory duties required by federal or state law;

(B) When the activity is expressly authorized by federal law;

(C) When the activity involves a species that is subject to a federal management plan under Title III of P.L. 94-265 (16 U.S.C. 1851 to 1869), as amended;

(D) When the activity is exempt under ORS 498.257 (Prohibition on possession, sale, trade or distribution of shark fins) (3) or 509.160 (Prohibition on possession, sale, trade or distribution of shark fins) (3);

(E) When the covered animal species part or product is a fixed component of an antique that is not made wholly or primarily of the covered animal species part or product, provided that the antique status is established by the owner or seller of the antique with documentation evidencing provenance and showing the covered animal species part or product to be not less than 100 years old and provided that the total weight of the covered animal species part or product is less than 200 grams;

(F) When the covered animal species part or product is a fixed component of a musical instrument, including, but not limited to, string instruments and bows, wind and percussion instruments and pianos, provided that the covered animal species part or product was legally acquired and provided that the total weight of the covered animal species part or product is less than 200 grams;

(G) To the noncommercial transfer of ownership of a covered animal species part or product to a legal beneficiary of an estate, trust or other inheritance;

(H) To the possession of a covered animal species part or product by any enrolled member of a federally recognized Indian tribe; or

(I) To the sale of a covered animal species part or product by or to a bona fide scientific or educational institution when the sale is made pursuant to a written gift agreement or similar instrument entered into before July 1, 2017.

(c)(A) Unless otherwise prohibited by federal law, the State Department of Fish and Wildlife may permit the purchase, sale or donation of a lawfully acquired covered animal species part or product by or to a bona fide scientific or educational institution for scientific or educational purposes on or after July 1, 2017.

(B) For each covered animal species part or product that is purchased, sold or donated under this paragraph, the bona fide scientific or educational institution shall:

(i) Keep documentation from the transaction detailing the type of part or product acquired and the source of the part or product; and

(ii) Provide the department with a copy of the documentation described in sub-subparagraph (i) of this subparagraph.

(d) There is a presumption of possession with intent to sell a covered animal species part or product when the part or product is possessed by a retail or wholesale establishment or other forum engaged in the business of buying or selling of similar items. This rebuttable presumption does not preclude a finding of intent to sell based on any other evidence that may serve to independently establish such intent.

(e) Each violation of this subsection is punishable by a civil penalty not to exceed $6,500 or an amount equal to two times the total value of the covered animal species part or product that is the subject of the violation, whichever is higher. The civil penalty authorized by this paragraph shall be imposed in the manner provided by ORS 183.745 (Civil penalty procedures).

(f) Any covered animal species part or product that is subject to seizure by or forfeiture to the department may not be sold by the department.

(g) The commission may adopt rules necessary for the implementation of this subsection, including rules restricting the purchase, sale, offer for sale or possession with intent to sell of parts or products of any animal species that so closely resemble in appearance parts or products of a covered animal species that law enforcement personnel would have substantial difficulty in attempting to differentiate between the species.

(h) As used in this subsection:

(A) “Bona fide scientific or educational institution” means:

(i) A career school granted authority to operate under ORS 345.010 (Definitions for ORS 345.010 to 345.450 and 345.992 to 345.997) to 345.450 (Annual inspection fee);

(ii) A community college established under ORS chapter 341;

(iii) An education service district as defined in ORS 334.003 (Definitions for chapter);

(iv) The Oregon Health and Science University;

(v) A public high school;

(vi) A public university listed in ORS 352.002 (Public universities);

(vii) Any institution not otherwise listed in this subparagraph that is exempt from ORS 348.594 (Definitions for ORS 348.594 to 348.615) to 348.615 (Appeal procedure) under ORS 348.597 (Applicability of ORS 348.594 to 348.615) (2); or

(viii) A zoo or aquarium that is accredited under standards that equal or exceed the accreditation standards of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums in effect on May 18, 2017.

(B) “Covered animal species” means any species of:

(i) Elephant;

(ii) Rhinoceros;

(iii) Whale;

(iv) Tiger;

(v) Lion;

(vi) Leopard;

(vii) Cheetah;

(viii) Jaguar;

(ix) Pangolin;

(x) Sea Turtle;

(xi) Shark (excluding spiny dogfish as defined in ORS 498.257 (Prohibition on possession, sale, trade or distribution of shark fins)); or

(xii) Ray.

(C) “Covered animal species part or product” means any item that contains, or is wholly or partially made from, any covered animal species.

(D) “Person” means any individual, firm, partnership, joint venture, corporation, limited liability company, joint stock company, estate, trust, receiver, syndicate, association or other legal entity.

(E) “Sale” or “sell” means any act of selling, trading or bartering for monetary or nonmonetary consideration and includes any transfer of ownership that occurs in the course of a commercial transaction, but does not include a nonmonetary transfer of ownership by way of gift, donation or bequest.

(F) “Total value” means either the fair market value or the actual price paid for a covered animal species part or product, whichever is greater. [1973 c.723 §77; 2017 c.3 §2; 2017 c.107 §1]

Notes of Decisions

Where tribal law is similar to state law, state law does not discriminate against treaty hunters who take and sell wildlife. State v. Bronson, 122 Or App 493, 858 P2d 467 (1993)

Chapter 498

Notes of Decisions

Sufficiency of uniform game cita­tion is governed by [former] ORS 153.720, not by statutes applicable to indict­ments. State v. Herrera, 152 Or App 22, 952 P2d 566 (1998)

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 498—Hunting, Angling and Trapping Regulations; Miscellaneous Wildlife Protective Measures, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ors498.­html (2017) (last ac­cessed Mar. 30, 2018).
 
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2017, Chapter 498, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ano498.­html (2017) (last ac­cessed Mar. 30, 2018).
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.