Low carbon fuel standards
- • rules
(1) As used in this section:
(a) "Greenhouse gas" has the meaning given that term in ORS 468A.210 (Definitions for ORS 352.247 and 468A.200 to 468A.260).
(b) "Low carbon fuel standards" means standards for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, on average, per unit of fuel energy.
(c) "Motor vehicle" has the meaning given that term in ORS 801.360 ("Motor vehicle").
(2)(a) The Environmental Quality Commission shall adopt by rule low carbon fuel standards for gasoline, diesel and fuels used as substitutes for gasoline or diesel.
(b) The commission may adopt the following related to the standards, including but not limited to:
(A) A schedule to phase in implementation of the standards in a manner that reduces the average amount of greenhouse gas emissions per unit of fuel energy of the fuels by 10 percent below 2010 levels by the year 2025 or by a later date if the commission determines that an extension is appropriate to implement the standards;
(B) Standards for greenhouse gas emissions attributable to the fuels throughout their lifecycles, including but not limited to emissions from the production, storage, transportation and combustion of the fuels and from changes in land use associated with the fuels;
(C) Provisions allowing the use of all types of low carbon fuels to meet the low carbon fuel standards, including but not limited to biofuels, biogas, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, gasoline, diesel, hydrogen and electricity;
(D) Standards for the issuance of deferrals, established with adequate lead time, as necessary to ensure adequate fuel supplies;
(E) Exemptions for fuels that are used in volumes below thresholds established by the commission;
(F) Standards, specifications, testing requirements and other measures as needed to ensure the quality of fuels produced in accordance with the low carbon fuel standards, including but not limited to the requirements of ORS 646.910 (Sale of gasoline blended with alcohol prohibited unless mixture meets federal specifications or requirements) to 646.923 (Retention of certificate of analysis) and administrative rules adopted by the State Department of Agriculture for motor fuel quality; and
(G) Adjustments to the amounts of greenhouse gas emissions per unit of fuel energy assigned to fuels for combustion and drive train efficiency.
(c) Before adopting standards under this section, the commission shall consider the low carbon fuel standards of other states, including but not limited to Washington, for the purpose of determining schedules and goals for the reduction of the average amount of greenhouse gas emissions per unit of fuel energy and the default values for these reductions for applicable fuels.
(d) The commission shall adopt by rule provisions for managing and containing the costs of compliance with the standards, including but not limited to provisions to facilitate compliance with the standards by ensuring that persons may obtain credits for fuels used as substitutes for gasoline or diesel and by creating opportunities for persons to trade credits.
(e) The commission shall exempt from the standards any person who imports in a calendar year less than 500,000 gallons of gasoline and diesel fuel, in total. Any fuel imported by persons that are related or share common ownership or control shall be aggregated together to determine whether a person is exempt under this paragraph.
(f)(A) The commission by rule shall prohibit fuels that contain biodiesel from being considered an alternative fuel under these standards unless the fuel meets the following standards:
(i) Fuel that consists entirely of biodiesel, designated as B100, shall comply with ASTM D 6751 and shall have an oxidation stability induction period of not less than eight hours as determined by the test method described in European standard EN 15751; and
(ii) Fuel that consists of a blend of diesel fuel and between 6 and 20 volume percent biodiesel, and designated as biodiesel blends B6 to B20, shall comply with ASTM D 7467 and shall have an oxidation stability induction period of not less than 20 hours as determined by the test method described in European standard EN 15751.
(B) The commission may adopt rules different from those required under subparagraph (A) of this paragraph if an ASTM or EN standard applicable to biodiesel is approved or amended after March 12, 2015, or if the commission finds that different rules are necessary due to changes in technology or fuel testing or production methods.
(C) As used in this subsection, "biodiesel" means a motor vehicle fuel consisting of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils, animal fats or other nonpetroleum resources, not including palm oil.
(3) In adopting rules under this section, the Environmental Quality Commission shall evaluate:
(a) Safety, feasibility, net reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and cost-effectiveness;
(b) Potential adverse impacts to public health and the environment, including but not limited to air quality, water quality and the generation and disposal of waste in this state;
(c) Flexible implementation approaches to minimize compliance costs; and
(d) Technical and economic studies of comparable greenhouse gas emissions reduction measures implemented in other states and any other studies as determined by the commission.
(4)(a) The provisions of this section do not apply to fuel that is demonstrated to have been used in any of the following:
(A) Motor vehicles registered as farm vehicles under the provisions of ORS 805.300 (Farm vehicle registration).
(B) Farm tractors, as defined in ORS 801.265 ("Farm tractor").
(C) Implements of husbandry, as defined in ORS 801.310 ("Implement of husbandry").
(D) Motor trucks, as defined in ORS 801.355 ("Motor truck"), used primarily to transport logs.
(E) Motor vehicles that are not designed primarily to transport persons or property, that are operated on highways only incidentally, and that are used primarily for construction work.
(G) Railroad locomotives.
(b) The Environmental Quality Commission shall by rule adopt standards for persons to qualify for the exemptions provided in this subsection. [2009 c.754 §6; 2015 c.4 §3]
Note: Section 9, chapter 754, Oregon Laws 2009, provides:
Sec. 9. (1) The Department of Environmental Quality shall report on the implementation of ORS 468A.270 (Motor vehicle pollution control systems) and section 6, chapter 754, Oregon Laws 2009 [468A.275 (Low carbon fuel standards)], to the Seventy-eighth Legislative Assembly in the manner provided by ORS 192.245 (Form of report to legislature).
(2) The report required under subsection (1) of this section must contain a description of:
(a) Rules adopted under ORS 468A.270 (Motor vehicle pollution control systems) and section 6, chapter 754, Oregon Laws 2009;
(b) The manner in which the Environmental Quality Commission complied with the requirements of ORS 468A.270 (Motor vehicle pollution control systems) and section 6, chapter 754, Oregon Laws 2009, in adopting the rules; and
(c) Significant policy decisions made by the commission in adopting rules under ORS 468A.270 (Motor vehicle pollution control systems). [2009 c.754 §9; 2015 c.4 §4]
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.