2017 ORS 456.280¹
Covenant creation, effect, conveyance, duration and termination

(1) A person may create an affordable housing covenant as a condition of giving or receiving a subsidy during ownership or upon conveying real property, in the form of a covenant, servitude, easement, condition or restriction in a deed, declaration, land sale contract, trust deed, mortgage, security agreement, assignment, will, trust, rental agreement, lease or other written instrument that is:

(a) Executed by the owner of the real property and the covenant holder; and

(b) Recorded in the deed and mortgage records of the county in which the real property is located.

(2) The affordable housing covenant creates a real property right in an eligible covenant holder to:

(a) Limit the use of real property to occupancy by low or moderate income households in rental or owner-occupied housing;

(b) Restrict the rental rate or sale price of real property to ensure affordability by future low and moderate income households;

(c) Limit, restrict or condition the use and enjoyment of real property to create or retain rental or owner-occupied affordable housing for occupancy by low or moderate income households; or

(d) Purchase real property at a trustee’s sale under terms set forth in ORS 86.782 (Sale of property).

(3) The affordable housing covenant may be conveyed, assigned, modified or terminated by a written instrument recorded in the deed and mortgage records of the county in which the real property is located. The affordable housing covenant may be:

(a) Conveyed or assigned by a written instrument executed by the conveying or assigning covenant holder and the accepting covenant holder;

(b) Modified by a written instrument executed by the covenant holder and the owner of the real property; or

(c) Terminated by a written instrument executed by the covenant holder and a third party with the right to enforce the covenant.

(4) An affordable housing covenant is not invalid because a holder of the covenant is not an eligible covenant holder. A covenant holder who is not an eligible covenant holder may not modify, terminate or commence an action to enforce the covenant. However, the covenant holder may convey or assign the covenant to an eligible covenant holder who may modify or terminate the covenant or commence an action to enforce the covenant.

(5) An affordable housing covenant is unlimited in duration unless:

(a) The instrument creating the covenant provides otherwise;

(b) The duration of the covenant is modified before the stated term of the covenant expires; or

(c) The covenant is terminated.

(6) Upon termination of an affordable housing covenant for any reason before the stated term of the covenant expires, the covenant holder is entitled to receive the difference between the fair market value of the real property immediately before termination and the fair market value of the real property immediately after termination.

(7) An affordable housing covenant does not impair an interest in real property that exists at the time the affordable housing covenant is created unless the owner of the interest is a party to the affordable housing covenant, subordinates the interest to the affordable housing covenant or otherwise agrees to be bound by the affordable housing covenant.

(8) An instrument that creates an affordable housing covenant may grant the eligible covenant holder, or a designee of the eligible covenant holder, a right to enter the real property to ensure compliance with the covenant and, if the right is granted, the instrument shall designate the time and manner in which the eligible covenant holder or designee may enter the real property.

(9) An affordable housing covenant holder may assign a third-party right of enforcement, by a written instrument executed by the covenant holder and recorded in the deed and mortgage records of the county in which the real property is located, to a person that qualifies as an eligible covenant holder but that is not the holder of that covenant.

(10) An affordable housing covenant is automatically terminated if:

(a) The only holder of the covenant is a corporation, as defined in ORS 65.001 (Definitions), that is dissolved without conveying or assigning the covenant; and

(b) No person is entitled to exercise a third-party right of enforcement pursuant to subsection (9) of this section. [2007 c.691 §3; 2011 c.712 §4]

Note: See note under 456.270 (Definitions for ORS 456.270 to 456.295).

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 456—Housing, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ors456.­html (2017) (last ac­cessed Mar. 30, 2018).
 
2 OregonLaws.org contains the con­tents of Volume 21 of the ORS, inserted along­side the per­tin­ent statutes. See the preface to the ORS An­no­ta­tions for more information.
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.