2015 ORS 426.233¹
Authority of community mental health program director and of other individuals
  • costs of transportation

(1)(a) A community mental health program director operating under ORS 430.610 (Legislative policy) to 430.695 (Treatment of certain receipts as offsets to state funds) or a designee of the director may take one of the actions listed in paragraph (b) of this subsection when the community mental health program director or designee has probable cause to believe a person:

(A) Is dangerous to self or to any other person and is in need of immediate care, custody or treatment for mental illness; or

(B)(i) Is a person with mental illness placed on conditional release under ORS 426.125 (Qualifications and requirements for conditional release), outpatient commitment under ORS 426.127 (Outpatient commitment) or trial visit under ORS 426.273 (Trial visits); and

(ii) Is dangerous to self or to any other person or is unable to provide for basic personal needs and is not receiving the care that is necessary for health and safety and is in need of immediate care, custody or treatment for mental illness.

(b) The community mental health program director or designee under the circumstances set out in paragraph (a) of this subsection may:

(A) Notify a peace officer to take the person into custody and direct the officer to remove the person to a hospital or nonhospital facility approved by the Oregon Health Authority;

(B) Authorize involuntary admission of, or, if already admitted, cause to be involuntarily retained in a nonhospital facility approved by the authority, a person approved for care or treatment at a nonhospital facility by a licensed independent practitioner under ORS 426.232 (Emergency admission);

(C) Notify an individual authorized under subsection (3) of this section to take the person into custody and direct the authorized individual to remove the person in custody to a hospital or nonhospital facility approved by the authority;

(D) Direct an individual authorized under subsection (3) of this section to transport a person in custody from a hospital or a nonhospital facility approved by the authority to another hospital or nonhospital facility approved by the authority as provided under ORS 426.235 (Transfer between hospital and nonhospital facilities); or

(E) Direct an individual authorized under subsection (3) of this section to transport a person in custody from a facility approved by the authority to another facility approved by the authority as provided under ORS 426.060 (Commitment to Oregon Health Authority).

(2) A designee under subsection (1) of this section must meet the standards established by rule of the authority and be approved by the community mental health program director before assuming the authority permitted under subsection (1) of this section.

(3) The community mental health program director may authorize any individual to provide custody and secure transportation services for a person in custody under ORS 426.228 (Custody). In authorizing an individual under this subsection, the community mental health program director shall grant the individual the authority to do the following:

(a) Accept custody from a peace officer of a person in custody under ORS 426.228 (Custody);

(b) Take custody of a person upon notification by the community mental health program director under the provisions of this section;

(c) Remove a person in custody to an approved hospital or nonhospital facility as directed by the community mental health program director;

(d) Transfer a person in custody to another individual authorized under this subsection or a peace officer;

(e) Transfer a person in custody from a hospital or nonhospital facility to another hospital facility or nonhospital facility when directed to do so by the community mental health program director; and

(f) Retain a person in custody at the approved hospital or nonhospital facility until a licensed independent practitioner makes a determination under ORS 426.232 (Emergency admission).

(4) An individual authorized under subsection (3) of this section must meet the standards established by rule of the authority and be approved by the community mental health program director before assuming the authority granted under this section.

(5) The costs of transporting a person under ORS 426.060 (Commitment to Oregon Health Authority), 426.228 (Custody) or 426.235 (Transfer between hospital and nonhospital facilities) by an individual authorized under subsection (3) of this section shall be the responsibility of the community mental health program in the county in which the authorized individual is directed by a peace officer or a community mental health program director to take custody of a person and to transport the person to a facility approved by the authority, but the community mental health program shall not be responsible for costs that exceed the amount provided by the state for that transportation. An individual authorized to act under subsection (3) of this section shall charge the cost of emergency medical transportation to, and collect that cost from, the person, third party payers or other legally or financially responsible individuals or entities in the same manner that costs for the transportation of other persons are charged and collected. [1993 c.484 §5; 1997 c.531 §5; 2009 c.595 §405; 2013 c.360 §41; 2015 c.461 §14; 2015 c.785 §3]

Note: See note under 426.228 (Custody).

Notes of Decisions

The doctor-patient privilege applies under these sec­tions. State v. O'Neill, 274 Or 59, 545 P2d 97 (1976)

Prior to commit­ment there must be evidence proving beyond a reasonable doubt that the individual is mentally ill as defined. State v. O'Neill, 274 Or 59, 545 P2d 97 (1976)

The Oregon commit­ment statutes are not unconstitu­tional on the grounds of vagueness or as an invasion of privacy as protected by the Ninth and Fourteenth Amend­ments to the United States Constitu­tion. State v. O'Neill, 274 Or 59, 545 P2d 97 (1976)

Oregon Constitu­tion did not require jury in mental commit­ment hearings. State v. Mills, 36 Or App 727, 585 P2d 1143 (1978), Sup Ct review denied

Alleged mentally ill per­son does not have right to remain silent in civil commit­ment pro­ceed­ing. State v. Matthews, 46 Or App 757, 613 P2d 88 (1980), Sup Ct review denied

Law Review Cita­tions

9 WLJ 63-85 (1973)

Chapter 426

Notes of Decisions

The entire statutory scheme of involuntary commit­ment provides adequate procedural safeguards which satisfies the require­ments of due process and equal protec­tion. Dietrich v. Brooks, 27 Or App 821, 558 P2d 357 (1976), Sup Ct review denied

Atty. Gen. Opinions

County of residence paying mental commit­ment costs, (1979) Vol 40, p 147; civil commit­ment to Mental Health Division of per­son against whom crim­i­nal charges are pending, (1980) Vol 41, p 91

Law Review Cita­tions

16 WLR 448 (1979)


1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 426—Persons With Mental Illness; Dangerous Persons; Commitment; Housing, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ors426.­html (2015) (last ac­cessed Jul. 16, 2016).
 
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2015, Chapter 426, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ano426.­html (2015) (last ac­cessed Jul. 16, 2016).
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.