2017 ORS 316.122¹
Separate or joint determination of income for spouses in a marriage

(1) If the federal taxable income of spouses in a marriage (one being a part-year resident and the other a nonresident) is determined on a joint federal return, their taxable income in this state shall be separately determined, unless they elect to file a joint return, in which case their tax on their joint income shall be determined in this state pursuant to ORS 316.037 (Imposition and rate of tax) (3).

(2) If the federal taxable income of spouses in a marriage (one being a full-year resident and the other a part-year resident) is determined on a joint federal return, their taxable income in this state shall be separately determined, unless they elect to file a joint return, in which case their tax on their joint income shall be determined in this state pursuant to ORS 316.037 (Imposition and rate of tax) (2).

(3) If the federal taxable income of spouses in a marriage (one being a full-year resident and the other a nonresident) is determined on a joint federal return, their taxable income in the state shall be separately determined, unless they elect to file a joint return, in which case their tax on their joint income shall be determined in this state pursuant to ORS 316.037 (Imposition and rate of tax) (3).

(4) For purposes of computing the tax of spouses under this section, if one of the spouses is a full-year resident individual, then as used in ORS 316.037 (Imposition and rate of tax) (2) or (3), that spouse’s taxable income derived from Oregon sources is that spouse’s entire federal taxable income, defined in the laws of the United States, with the modifications, additions and subtractions provided in this chapter and other laws of this state applicable to personal income taxation.

(5) The provisions of ORS 316.367 (Joint return by spouses in a marriage) with respect to joint returns apply if both spouses are part-year residents or full-year nonresidents. [1969 c.493 §22; 1985 c.802 §8; 1987 c.647 §3; 1999 c.580 §6; 2015 c.629 §42]

Chapter 316

Notes of Decisions

Unless the divorce decree specifically designates that pay­ments are for child support, pay­ments will be treated as alimony. Henderson v. Dept. of Rev., 5 OTR 153 (1972)

The goal of this chapter is to incorporate all of the pro­vi­sions of the federal Internal Revenue Code; taxable income should be adjusted whenever the result of the adjust­ment is to give effect to the policies or principles of the federal Internal Revenue Code, even though no express authority for the adjust­ment is present in the statutes. Christian v. Dept. of Rev., 269 Or 469, 526 P2d 538 (1974); Smith v. Dept. of Rev., 270 Or 456, 528 P2d 73 (1974)

By its enact­ment of this chapter, the legislature intended to adopt §172 of the federal Internal Revenue Code allowing for the carryback and carryforward of net operating losses. Christian v. Dept. of Rev., 269 Or 469, 526 P2d 538 (1974)

Where plaintiff failed to ap­peal timely as re­quired by this sec­tion, ap­peal rights were not preserved so that cause could be considered on merits. Dela Rosa v. Dept. of Rev., 11 OTR 201 (1989), aff’d 313 Or 284, 832 P2d 1228 (1992)

Where taxpayers paid foreign income taxes on foreign income and claimed foreign taxes paid as federal tax credit and as state business expense deduc­tion, taxpayers who claim federal foreign tax credit are entitled only to foreign tax deduc­tion provided in ORS 316.690 (Foreign income taxes). Whipple v. Dept. of Rev., 309 Or 422, 788 P2d 994 (1990)

For purposes of claim preclusion, all issues re­gard­ing taxpayer’s income tax liability for tax year constitute same claim. U.S. Bancorp v. Dept. of Revenue, 15 OTR 13 (1999)

Atty. Gen. Opinions

Political contribu­tions as credit against Oregon tax return, (1974) Vol 37, p 159

Law Review Cita­tions

57 OLR 309 (1978); 16 WLR 373 (1979)

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 316—Personal Income Tax, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ors316.­html (2017) (last ac­cessed Mar. 30, 2018).
 
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2017, Chapter 316, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ano316.­html (2017) (last ac­cessed Mar. 30, 2018).
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.