2007 ORS 59.840¹
Definitions for ORS 59.840 to 59.980

As used in ORS 59.840 (Definitions for ORS 59.840 to 59.980) to 59.980 (Short title):

(1) "Director" means the Director of the Department of Consumer and Business Services.

(2) "Fraud," "deceit" and "defraud" are not limited to common-law deceit.

(3) "License" means a license issued to a mortgage banker or mortgage broker under ORS 59.840 (Definitions for ORS 59.840 to 59.980) to 59.980 (Short title).

(4)(a) "Loan originator" means an individual employed by or purporting to act as an agent or independent contractor for a mortgage banker or mortgage broker that is required to be licensed under ORS 59.840 (Definitions for ORS 59.840 to 59.980) to 59.980 (Short title), with the expectation by the individual of compensation or gain that is determined by the amount borrowed or the terms and conditions agreed to by the mortgage loan borrower, and having primary job responsibilities that include negotiating with a borrower or potential borrower for the purpose of establishing the terms and conditions of a mortgage loan.

(b) "Loan originator" includes a person employed at a location outside this state whose primary job responsibilities include contacting or attempting to contact a borrower or potential borrower within this state through any medium or mode of communication for purposes of providing a mortgage loan within this state.

(c) "Loan originator" does not include an individual whose responsibilities are clerical or administrative functions, including but not limited to gathering information, requesting information, word processing, soliciting general interest in mortgage loans, sending correspondence and assembling files.

(d) "Loan originator" does not include an employee of a mortgage banker that is rated as good or better under the federal rating system in effect on May 1, 2001, for seller-servicers of Federal Housing Administration, Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation or Federal National Mortgage Association loans and that has an office within this state at which the mortgage banker maintains complete and current copies of all employment records and other records as required by the Director of the Department of Consumer and Business Services by order or rule, in a format acceptable to the director.

(e) "Loan originator" does not include an insurance producer licensed under ORS 744.052 (Definitions) to 744.089 (Report of administrative action taken against insurance producer) or insurance consultant licensed under ORS 744.002 (License categories).

(f) "Loan originator" does not include a person or group of persons exempted by rule or order of the director.

(5) "Mortgage banker":

(a) Means any person who for compensation or in the expectation of compensation:

(A) Either directly or indirectly makes, negotiates or offers to make or negotiate a mortgage banking loan or a mortgage loan; and

(B) Services or sells a mortgage banking loan.

(b) Does not include:

(A) A financial institution, as defined in ORS 706.008 (Additional definitions for Bank Act).

(B) A financial holding company or a bank holding company, as defined in ORS 706.008 (Additional definitions for Bank Act), holding an institution described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph; a savings and loan holding company as defined in section 408 of the National Housing Act, 12 U.S.C. 1730a (1982), holding an association described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph; the subsidiaries and affiliates of the financial holding company, bank holding company or savings and loan holding company; or subsidiaries and affiliates of institutions described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, provided that the appropriate statutory regulatory authority is exercising control over or is regulating or supervising the persons listed in this subparagraph in their mortgage banking activities in accordance with the purposes of ORS 59.840 (Definitions for ORS 59.840 to 59.980) to 59.980 (Short title).

(C) A person who makes a loan secured by an interest in real estate with the person’s own moneys, for the person’s own investment and who is not engaged in the business of making loans secured by an interest in real estate.

(D) An attorney licensed in this state who negotiates mortgage banking loans or mortgage loans in the ordinary course of business, unless the business of negotiating mortgage banking loans or mortgage loans constitutes substantially all of the attorney’s professional activity.

(E) A person who, as seller of real property, receives one or more mortgages or deeds of trust as security for a separate money obligation.

(F) An agency of any state or of the United States.

(G) A person who receives a mortgage or deed of trust on real property as security for an obligation payable on an installment or deferred payment basis and arising out of materials furnished or services rendered in the improvement of that real property or any lien created without the consent of the owner of the real property.

(H) A person who funds a mortgage banking loan or mortgage loan which has been originated and processed by a licensee or by an exempt person and who does not maintain a place of business in this state in connection with funding mortgage banking loans or mortgage loans, does not directly or indirectly solicit borrowers in this state for the purpose of making mortgage banking loans or mortgage loans and does not participate in the negotiation of mortgage banking loans or mortgage loans. For the purpose of this subparagraph, "negotiation of mortgage banking loans or mortgage loans" does not include setting the terms under which a person may buy or fund a mortgage banking loan or a mortgage loan originated by a licensee or exempt person.

(I) A nonprofit federally tax exempt corporation certified by the United States Small Business Administration and organized to promote economic development within this state whose primary activity consists of providing financing for business expansion.

(J) A licensee licensed under ORS chapter 725 or a mortgage broker.

(K) A retirement or pension fund.

(L) An insurer as defined in ORS 731.106 ("Insurer").

(M) A court appointed fiduciary.

(N) Any other person designated by rule or order of the director.

(6) "Mortgage banking loan" means a loan, extension of credit or a retail sales contract that is funded exclusively from the mortgage banker’s own resources, which is directly or indirectly secured by a mortgage or deed of trust or any lien interest on real estate and which is created with the consent of the owner of the real property. For purposes of this subsection, "own resources" means any of the following:

(a) Cash, corporate capital, warehouse credit lines at financial institutions defined in ORS 706.008 (Additional definitions for Bank Act) or other sources that are liability items of the mortgage banker’s financial statements for which its assets are pledged;

(b) Correspondent contracts between the mortgage banker and a bank, savings bank, trust company, savings and loan association, credit union, profit sharing or pension trust, a licensee under ORS chapter 725 or an insurance company; or

(c) The mortgage banker’s affiliates’ cash, corporate capital, warehouse credit lines at financial institutions defined in ORS 706.008 (Additional definitions for Bank Act) or other sources that are liability items on the affiliates’ financial statements for which the affiliates’ assets are pledged. As used in this paragraph, "affiliates" means entities that, directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries controls, are controlled by or are under common control with the entity specified.

(7) "Mortgage broker":

(a) Means a person who:

(A) Engages all or part of the time, for the account of others or for the person’s own account, in the business of selling real estate paper whether as issuer, agent or principal to persons other than persons enumerated in ORS 59.035 (Transactions exempt from registration) (4);

(B) Engages all or part of the time, for the account of others or for the person’s own account, in the business of accepting funds from one or more persons other than persons enumerated in ORS 59.035 (Transactions exempt from registration) (4) for investment in real estate paper; or

(C) For compensation, or in the expectation of compensation, either directly or indirectly makes, negotiates or offers to make or negotiate a mortgage loan.

(b) Does not include:

(A) A financial institution, as defined in ORS 706.008 (Additional definitions for Bank Act).

(B) A financial holding company or a bank holding company, as defined in ORS 706.008 (Additional definitions for Bank Act), holding an institution described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph; a savings and loan holding company as defined in section 408 of the National Housing Act, 12 U.S.C. 1730a (1982), holding an association described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph; the subsidiaries and affiliates of the financial holding company, bank holding company or savings and loan holding company; or subsidiaries and affiliates of institutions described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, provided that the appropriate statutory regulatory authority is exercising control over or is regulating or supervising the persons listed in this subparagraph in their mortgage brokering activities in accordance with the purposes of ORS 59.840 (Definitions for ORS 59.840 to 59.980) to 59.980 (Short title).

(C) A person who purchases real property and issues an obligation to finance the transaction to the seller incidentally to the sale.

(D) A real estate licensee as defined in ORS 696.010 (Definitions) who performs services solely incidental to the practice of professional real estate activity as defined in ORS 696.010 (Definitions), unless the real estate licensee performs the functions of a mortgage banker or a mortgage broker as defined in this section.

(E) A person licensed under the provisions of ORS chapter 725 or a mortgage banker.

(F) A person who makes a loan secured by an interest in real estate with the person’s own moneys, for the person’s own investment and who is not engaged in the business of making loans secured by an interest in real estate.

(G) An attorney licensed in this state who negotiates mortgage loans in the ordinary course of business, unless the business of negotiating mortgage loans constitutes substantially all of the attorney’s professional activity.

(H) A person who, as seller of real property, receives one or more mortgages or deeds of trust as security for a separate money obligation.

(I) An agency of any state or of the United States.

(J) A person who receives a mortgage or deed of trust on real property as security for an obligation payable on an installment or deferred payment basis and arising out of materials furnished or services rendered in the improvement of that real property or any lien created without the consent of the owner of the real property.

(K) A person who funds a mortgage loan which has been originated and processed by a licensee or by an exempt person and who does not maintain a place of business in this state in connection with funding mortgage loans, does not directly or indirectly solicit borrowers in this state for the purpose of making mortgage loans and does not participate in the negotiation of mortgage loans. For the purpose of this subparagraph, "negotiation of mortgage loans" does not include setting the terms under which a person may buy or fund a mortgage loan originated by a licensee or exempt person.

(L) A nonprofit federally tax exempt corporation certified by the United States Small Business Administration and organized to promote economic development within this state whose primary activity consists of providing financing for business expansion.

(M) A person licensed under ORS 446.691 (Issuance of dealer license) or 446.696 (Renewal of dealer license) or a temporary manufactured structure dealer licensee under ORS 446.701 (Issuance of temporary manufactured structure dealer license) who provides services customarily associated with the retail sales of manufactured dwellings, including communication of generally available information regarding mortgage loans, unless:

(i) The person receives from a purchaser a fee or commission as a mortgage broker or mortgage banker that is disclosed in the sales contract, purchase agreement or applicable federal documents;

(ii) For the benefit of a potential purchaser, the person completes a loan application form or other document that is part of a mortgage banking loan and completes a good faith estimate under the federal Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (12 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.);

(iii) The person solicits or receives credit information from a prospective purchaser for the purpose of making credit decisions; or

(iv) The person negotiates with a potential purchaser the terms of a mortgage loan including but not limited to points, interest rates, length of loan or other loan conditions.

(N) Any other person designated by rule or order of the director.

(8) "Mortgage loan" means a loan, extension of credit or retail sales contract, other than a mortgage banking loan, secured by a mortgage or deed of trust or any lien interest on real estate that is created with the consent of the owner of the real estate.

(9) "Residential mortgage transaction" means a transaction in which a mortgage, deed of trust, purchase money security interest arising under an installment sales contract, or equivalent consensual security interest is created or retained in property upon which four or fewer residential dwelling units are planned or situated, including but not limited to individual units or condominiums and cooperatives. As used in this subsection, "residential dwelling unit" means an improvement designed for residential occupancy. [1993 c.508 §1; 1995 c.129 §1; 1995 c.622 §13; 1997 c.211 §1; 1997 c.631 §377; 1999 c.36 §1; 2001 c.377 §40; 2001 c.952 §1; 2003 c.364 §47; 2003 c.655 §48]

Chapter 59

Notes of Decisions

Public policy does not prohibit nonculpable corporate directors held liable under this chapter from seeking indemnifica­tion from per­sons actually responsible for the wrongful issuance of unregistered securities. Collins v. Fitzwa­ter, 277 Or 401, 560 P2d 1074 (1977)

Atty. Gen. Opinions

Addi­tional real estate license not re­quired where security sold is interest in limited partnership to invest in real estate, (1978) Vol 38, p 1971

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 59—Securities Regulation; Mortgage Bankers and Brokers, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­059.­html (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
 
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2007, Chapter 59, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­059ano.­htm (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.