2007 ORS 475A.110¹
Judgment of forfeiture
  • contents
  • effect

(1) A judgment of forfeiture shall recite the basis for the judgment.

(2) If no financial institutions have filed the affidavit described in ORS 475A.075 (Civil action for forfeiture) (2)(b), and if the court has failed to uphold the claim or affidavit of any other claimant, the effect of the judgment shall be that:

(a) Title to the property shall pass to the forfeiting agency free of any interest or encumbrance thereon in favor of any person who has been given notice;

(b) The forfeiting agency may transfer good and sufficient title to any subsequent purchaser or transferee, and the title shall be recognized by all courts, by the state, by the departments and agencies of the state, and by any political subdivision. In the case of real property, the forfeiting agency shall warrant the title against constitutional defect. A warranty under this section is limited to the purchase price of the real property; and

(c) Any department, agency or officer of the state or any political subdivision whose official functions include the issuance of certificates or other evidence of title shall be immune from civil or criminal liability when such issuance is pursuant to a judgment of forfeiture.

(3) If any affidavits are filed by financial institutions as provided in ORS 475A.075 (Civil action for forfeiture) (2)(b), or if any claimants file an appearance, claim and bond as provided in ORS 475A.075 (Civil action for forfeiture) (2)(a) or an affidavit as provided in ORS 475A.075 (Civil action for forfeiture) (2)(c):

(a) The court shall foreclose all security interests, liens and vendor’s interests of financial institutions and claimants as to which the court determines that there is a legal or equitable basis for foreclosure; and

(b) All other interests applicable to the property, which are not foreclosed or otherwise eliminated through a judgment of foreclosure, shall, if and to the extent that they are valid and subsisting, remain in effect, and the property shall remain subject to them upon completion of the forfeiture proceeding.

(4) Notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter or other law, if a financial institution or other person has filed an affidavit described in ORS 475A.075 (Civil action for forfeiture), or if the court has upheld the claim of any claimant, then as to each item of property seized:

(a) If the court has determined that the property should not be forfeited and has not foreclosed the security interests, liens or other interests covering the property, the court shall render judgment in favor of the owner of the property, the property shall be returned to the owner and all security interests, liens and other interests applicable to the property shall remain in effect as though the property had never been seized. Upon the return of the property to the owner, the seizing agency shall pay all costs and expenses relating to towing and storage of the property, and shall cause to be discharged any possessory chattel liens on the property arising under ORS 87.152 (Possessory lien for labor or material expended on chattel) to 87.162 (Landlord's lien) that have attached to the property since the seizure.

(b) If the court has determined that the property should not be forfeited and has foreclosed one or more interests covering the property, including security interests or liens covering the property or contracts for the transfer or conveyance of the property, the seizing agency shall pay all costs and expenses relating to towing and storage of the property, and shall cause to be discharged any possessory chattel liens on the property arising under ORS 87.152 (Possessory lien for labor or material expended on chattel) to 87.162 (Landlord's lien) that have attached to the property since the seizure and the court shall order the property sold pursuant to a sheriff’s sale or other sale authorized by the court within such time as may be prescribed by the court following entry of the judgment. If any interests covering the property have not been foreclosed, including any liens or security interests of a claimant whose claim has been upheld, or of a financial institution that has filed the affidavit described in ORS 475A.075 (Civil action for forfeiture), the property shall be sold subject to those interests. The judgment shall also order the proceeds of such sale applied in the following order:

(A) To the payment of the costs of the sale;

(B) To the satisfaction of the foreclosed liens, security interests and contracts in order of their priority; and

(C) The excess, if any, to the owner of the property.

(c) If the court has determined that the property should be forfeited and has foreclosed one or more security interests, liens, contracts or other interests covering the property, the seizing agency shall pay all costs and expenses relating to towing and storage of the property, and shall cause to be discharged any possessory chattel liens on the property arising under ORS 87.152 (Possessory lien for labor or material expended on chattel) to 87.162 (Landlord's lien) that have attached to the property since the seizure and the court shall order the property sold pursuant to a sheriff’s sale or other sale authorized by the court. If any interest in the property was claimed by a financial institution or other claimant and the interest was upheld but not foreclosed, the property shall be sold subject to the interest. The sale of the property shall be held within such time as may be prescribed by the court following entry of the judgment. The judgment shall also order the proceeds of such sale applied in the following order:

(A) To the payment of the costs of the sale;

(B) To the satisfaction of the foreclosed liens, security interests and contracts in the order of their priority; and

(C) The excess, if any, to the forfeiting agency to be disposed of as provided in ORS 475A.120 (Distribution of forfeited property or proceeds by local government).

(d) If the court has determined that the property should be forfeited and has not foreclosed the interests of any party in the property, the seizing agency shall pay all costs and expenses relating to towing and storage of the property and shall cause to be discharged any possessory chattel liens on the property arising under ORS 87.152 (Possessory lien for labor or material expended on chattel) to 87.162 (Landlord's lien) that have attached to the property since the seizure, and the court shall enter a judgment awarding the property to the forfeiting agency, subject to the interests of any claimants whose claims or affidavits were upheld by the court, and subject to the interests of any financial institutions that filed affidavits under ORS 475A.075 (Civil action for forfeiture) (2)(b), which shall remain in full force and effect.

(5) The forfeiting agency shall not be liable to any person as a consequence of obedience to a judgment directing conveyance to a financial institution.

(6) A copy of the judgment, including any judgment entered under the provisions of ORS 475A.055 (Nonjudicial forfeiture) (4), shall be sent by forfeiture counsel to the Asset Forfeiture Oversight Advisory Committee.

(7)(a) On entry of judgment for a claimant in any proceeding to forfeit property under this chapter, unless the court has foreclosed one or more security interests, liens or other interests covering the property, such property or interest in property shall be returned or conveyed immediately to the claimant designated by the court. The court, in the manner provided by ORCP 68, shall award costs, disbursements and attorney fees to the prevailing claimants and financial institutions, to be paid by the forfeiting agency.

(b) If it appears that there was reasonable suspicion that the property was subject to forfeiture, the court shall cause a finding to be entered, and no claimant or financial institution shall be entitled to damages, nor is the person who made the seizure, the seizing or forfeiting agency or forfeiture counsel liable to suit or judgment on account of such seizure or action. An order directing seizure issued under ORS 475A.035 (Procedure for seizure) (4) shall constitute a finding of reasonable suspicion that the property was subject to forfeiture.

(8) Nothing contained in this section shall prevent a claimant or financial institution from obtaining any deficiency to which such claimant or financial institution would otherwise be entitled.

(9) Nothing in this section or in ORS 475A.045 (Status of seized property) shall prevent a seizing agency from entering into an agreement with a claimant or other person for the reimbursement of the seizing agency for the costs and expenses relating to towing and storage of property or the cost of discharging any possessory chattel lien on the property arising under ORS 87.152 (Possessory lien for labor or material expended on chattel) to 87.162 (Landlord's lien) that attached to the property between seizure of the property and release or forfeiture of the property. [1989 c.791 §9; 1991 c.275 §2; 1991 c.290 §1; 1991 c.322 §2; 1991 c.800 §2; 1993 c.553 §2; 1999 c.59 §150; 2001 c.780 §§12,12a; 2003 c.14 §§311,312; 2003 c.576 §§464,465]

Chapter 475A

Notes of Decisions

Civil forfeiture pro­ceed­ing under this chapter is not sufficiently crim­i­nal in nature to bar on state or federal double jeopardy grounds later pros­e­cu­­tion for prohibited con­duct that justified forfeiture. State v. Selness/Miller, 334 Or 515, 54 P3d 1025 (2002)

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 475A—Civil Forfeiture, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­475a.­html (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
 
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2007, Chapter 475A, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­475aano.­htm (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.