ORS 418.312¹
When transfer of custody not required
  • voluntary placement agreement
  • review of children placed in certain institutions

(1) The Department of Human Services may not require any parent or legal guardian to transfer legal custody of a child in order to have the child placed under ORS 418.205 (Definitions for ORS 418.205 to 418.310 and 418.992 to 418.998) to 418.310 (Application of statutes to institutions caring for adults and children), 418.480 ("Purchase of care" defined) to 418.500 (Out-of-state care for children) and 418.992 (Civil penalty) to 418.998 (Disposition of penalties) in a foster home, group home or institutional child care setting, when the sole reason for the placement is the need to obtain services for the child’s emotional, behavioral or mental disorder or developmental or physical disability. In all such cases, the child shall be placed pursuant to a voluntary placement agreement. When a child is placed pursuant to a voluntary placement agreement, the department shall have responsibility for the child’s placement and care. When a child remains in voluntary placement for more than 180 days, the juvenile court shall make a judicial determination, within the first 180 days of the placement, that the placement is in the best interests of the child. In addition, the juvenile court shall hold a permanency hearing as provided in ORS 419B.476 (Conduct of hearing) no later than 14 months after the child’s original voluntary placement, and not less frequently than once every 12 months thereafter during the continuation of the child’s original voluntary placement, to determine the future status of the child.

(2) As used in this section, "voluntary placement agreement" means a binding, written agreement between the department and the parent or legal guardian of a minor child that does not transfer legal custody to the department but that specifies, at a minimum, the legal status of the child and the rights and obligations of the parent or legal guardian, the child and the department while the child is in placement. [1979 c.746 §1; 1993 c.348 §1; 1995 c.79 §213; 1999 c.59 §113; 2001 c.686 §6]

Note: 418.312 (When transfer of custody not required) was enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but was not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 418 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

Chapter 418

Notes of Decisions

Where plaintiffs brought ac­tion under 42 U.S.C. 1983 alleging viola­tion of federal civil rights after defendant Children's Services Division employees removed plaintiffs' child from home following reports of abuse, CSD workers entitled to absolute immunity in investiga­tion, taking child into custody and keeping plaintiffs from visiting child. Tennyson v. Children's Services Division, 308 Or 80, 775 P2d 1365 (1989)

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 418—Child Welfare Services, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­Archive/­2007ors418.­pdf (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2007, Chapter 418, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­418ano.­htm (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent. Currency Information