ORS 414.105¹
Recovery of medical assistance
  • estate claims
  • transfer of assets
  • rules

(1) The Department of Human Services may recover from any person the amounts of medical assistance incorrectly paid on behalf of such person.

(2) Medical assistance pursuant to this chapter paid on behalf of an individual who was 55 years of age or older when the individual received such assistance, or paid on behalf of a person of any age who was a permanently institutionalized inpatient in a nursing facility, intermediate care facility for persons with mental retardation or other medical institution, may be recovered from the estate of the individual or from any recipient of property or other assets held by the individual at the time of death including the estate of the surviving spouse. Claim for such medical assistance correctly paid to the individual may be established against the estate, but there shall be no adjustment or recovery thereof until after the death of the surviving spouse, if any, and only at a time when the individual has no surviving child who is under 21 years of age or who is blind or permanently and totally disabled. Transfers of real or personal property by recipients of such aid without adequate consideration are voidable and may be set aside under ORS 411.620 (Recovery of public assistance obtained or disposed of unlawfully) (2).

(3) Nothing in this section authorizes the recovery of the amount of any aid from the estate or surviving spouse of a recipient to the extent that the need for aid resulted from a crime committed against the recipient.

(4) In any action or proceeding under this section to recover medical assistance paid, it shall be the legal burden of the person who receives the property or other assets from a Medicaid recipient to establish the extent and value of the Medicaid recipient’s legal title or interest in the property or assets in accordance with rules established by the department.

(5) As used in this section, "estate" includes all real and personal property and other assets in which the deceased individual had any legal title or interest at the time of death including assets conveyed to a survivor, heir or assign of the deceased individual through joint tenancy, tenancy in common, survivorship, life estate, living trust or other similar arrangement. [1965 c.556 §12; 1967 c.502 §15; 1969 c.507 §2; 1971 c.334 §1; 1973 c.334 §1; part renumbered 416.280; 1975 c.386 §4; 1985 c.522 §4; 1991 c.66 §16; 1993 c.249 §5; 1995 c.642 §1; 2001 c.620 §5; 2001 c.900 §223; 2007 c.70 §191]

Notes of Decisions

For purposes of recovering from estate of medical assistance recipient, life estate is valued immediately prior to death regardless of when life estate was created. State Depart­ment of Human Services v. Willingham, 206 Or App 156, 136 P3d 66 (2006)

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 414—Medical Assistance, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­Archive/­2007ors414.­pdf (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2007, Chapter 414, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­414ano.­htm (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent. Currency Information