ORS 316.085¹
Personal exemption credit

(1)(a) There shall be allowed a personal exemption credit against taxes otherwise due under this chapter. The credit shall equal $90 multiplied by the number of personal exemptions allowed under section 151 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(b) In the case of an individual with respect to whom a credit under paragraph (a) of this subsection is allowable to another taxpayer for a taxable year beginning in the calendar year in which the individual’s taxable year begins, the credit amount applicable to such individual for such individual’s taxable year is zero.

(2)(a) A nonresident shall be allowed the credit provided under subsection (1) of this section computed in the same manner and subject to the same limitations as the credit allowed to a resident of this state. However, the credit shall be prorated using the proportion provided in ORS 316.117 (Proration between Oregon income and other income for nonresidents, part-year residents and trusts).

(b) If a change in the taxable year of a taxpayer occurs as described in ORS 314.085 (Taxable year), or if the Department of Revenue terminates the taxpayer’s taxable year under ORS 314.440 (Tax as debt), the credit allowed by this section shall be prorated or computed in a manner consistent with ORS 314.085 (Taxable year).

(c) If a change in the status of a taxpayer from resident to nonresident or from nonresident to resident occurs, the credit allowed by this section shall be determined in a manner consistent with ORS 316.117 (Proration between Oregon income and other income for nonresidents, part-year residents and trusts).

(3) The Department of Revenue shall recompute the dollar amount of the personal exemption credit allowed for state personal income tax purposes. The computation shall be as follows:

(a) Divide the monthly averaged U.S. City Average Consumer Price Index for the 12 consecutive months ending August 31 of the prior calendar year by the monthly averaged index for the first six months of 1986.

(b) Recompute the dollar amount of the personal exemption credit by multiplying $90 by the appropriate indexing factor determined as provided in paragraph (a) of this subsection. Round off the amount obtained under this paragraph to the nearest $1.

(4) As used in this section, "U.S. City Average Consumer Price Index" means the U.S. City Average Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (All Items) as published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States Department of Labor.

(5) Notwithstanding subsections (1) to (3) of this section, if a taxpayer’s federal adjusted gross income for the tax year exceeds the threshold amount, the exemption amount shall be the greater of:

(a) Thirty-three percent of the amount computed in subsection (3) of this section; or

(b) The amount computed in subsection (3) of this section reduced by:

(A) Two percentage points for each $2,500 (or fraction thereof) by which the taxpayer’s federal adjusted gross income exceeds the threshold amount; or

(B) Two percentage points for each $1,250 (or fraction thereof) by which the taxpayer’s federal adjusted gross income exceeds the threshold amount, if the taxpayer is married but filing separately.

(6) As used in this section, "threshold amount" means:

(a) $234,600 in the case of a joint return or a surviving spouse.

(b) $195,500 in the case of a head of a household.

(c) $156,400 in the case of an individual who is not a married individual and is not a surviving spouse.

(d) $117,300 in the case of a married individual filing a separate return.

(7) The Department of Revenue shall adjust the threshold amounts in subsection (6) of this section according to the cost-of-living adjustment for the calendar year. The department shall annually recompute the threshold amounts for the current tax year by multiplying each dollar amount by the percentage (if any) by which the monthly averaged U.S. City Average Consumer Price Index for the 12 consecutive months ending August 31 of the prior calendar year exceeds the monthly averaged U.S. City Average Consumer Price Index for the 12 consecutive months ending August 31, 2006.

(8) If a threshold amount computed under subsections (6) and (7) of this section is not a multiple of $50, the amount shall be rounded to the next lower multiple of $50. [1985 c.345 §§2,3; 1987 c.293 §13; 1991 c.457 §2a; 1997 c.839 §8; 1999 c.90 §9; 2001 c.660 §12; 2007 c.843 §63]

Chapter 316

Notes of Decisions

Unless the divorce decree specifically designates that pay­ments are for child support, pay­ments will be treated as alimony. Henderson v. Dept. of Rev., 5 OTR 153 (1972)

The goal of this chapter is to incorporate all of the pro­vi­sions of the federal Internal Revenue Code; taxable income should be adjusted whenever the result of the adjust­ment is to give effect to the policies or principles of the federal Internal Revenue Code, even though no express authority for the adjust­ment is present in the statutes. Christian v. Dept. of Rev., 269 Or 469, 526 P2d 538 (1974); Smith v. Dept. of Rev., 270 Or 456, 528 P2d 73 (1974)

By its enact­ment of this chapter, the legislature intended to adopt §172 of the federal Internal Revenue Code allowing for the carryback and carryforward of net operating losses. Christian v. Dept. of Rev., 269 Or 469, 526 P2d 538 (1974)

Where plaintiff failed to ap­peal timely as re­quired by this sec­tion, ap­peal rights were not preserved so that cause could be considered on merits. Dela Rosa v. Dept. of Rev., 11 OTR 201 (1989), aff'd 313 Or 284, 832 P2d 1228 (1992)

Where taxpayers paid foreign income taxes on foreign income and claimed foreign taxes paid as federal tax credit and as state business expense deduc­tion, taxpayers who claim federal foreign tax credit are entitled only to foreign tax deduc­tion provided in ORS 316.690 (Foreign income taxes). Whipple v. Dept. of Rev., 309 Or 422, 788 P2d 994 (1990)

For purposes of claim preclusion, all issues re­gard­ing taxpayer's income tax liability for tax year constitute same claim. U.S. Bancorp v. Dept. of Revenue, 15 OTR 13 (1999)

Atty. Gen. Opinions

Political contribu­tions as credit against Oregon tax return, (1974) Vol 37, p 159

Law Review Cita­tions

57 OLR 309 (1978); 16 WLR 373 (1979)

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 316—Personal Income Tax, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­Archive/­2007ors316.­pdf (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
 
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2007, Chapter 316, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­316ano.­htm (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent. Currency Information