Effect of property transfer or lease termination on lien and on taxability of property
(1) Real property or personal property that is subject to taxation on July 1 shall remain taxable and taxes levied thereon for the ensuing tax year shall become due and payable, notwithstanding any subsequent transfer of the property to an exempt ownership or use. Taxes that are unpaid as of the termination of a lease, lease purchase agreement or other instrument resulting in the taxation of the property shall remain a lien on the property as of the day prior to the termination of the lease, lease purchase agreement or other instrument. Real or personal property exempt from taxation on July 1 shall remain exempt for the ensuing tax year, notwithstanding any transfer within the tax year to a taxable ownership or use.
(2) A sale or transfer of personal property or any part of personal property does not affect the lien under ORS 311.405 (Tax as lien) (3)(a)(A), (4) or (5). Taxes on personal property transferred from a tax exempt to a taxable ownership or use shall be a lien on any and all of the personal property assessed to the person and on any and all of the taxable personal property of the person assessed from and including the date of transfer until paid. The liens shall be subject to this section and ORS 311.405 (Tax as lien).
(3) Notwithstanding ORS 311.405 (Tax as lien) (4) or (5), real or personal property is exempt for the ensuing tax year if the property is transferred or changed from a taxable to an exempt ownership or use at any time before July 1 of any year. However, if the property is exempt under a provision of ORS chapter 307 that requires the filing of a claim for exemption, the transfer does not operate to render the property exempt from taxation for the ensuing tax year unless the required claim for exemption is filed on or before the date specified in the applicable statute or within 30 days after the date of acquisition or, if relevant under the applicable exemption statute, the change of use of the property, whichever is later. This section does not limit other statutes that prescribe filing dates for claiming an exemption.
(4) Real or personal property is taxable for the ensuing tax year if the property is transferred or changed at any time before July 1 of any year from an exempt ownership to a taxable ownership or taxable use. Transfer of real or personal property from a tax-exempt use to a taxable use at any time between January 1 and June 30 of any year constitutes notice to the transferee, owner or person in control of the property that the property will be subject to taxation for the ensuing tax year. In the case of real property, the transferee, owner or person in control of the property shall advise the county assessor of the transfer. In the case of personal property, the transferee, owner or person in control of the property shall make a return of the property that lists the information required by ORS 308.290 (Returns) within 30 days after the transfer.
(5) Real property that is the subject of eminent domain proceedings instituted by a public body shall, for the purposes of this section, be deemed to have been transferred as of the date of payment therefor, the date of entry into possession by the public body or the date of entry of judgment in the eminent domain proceedings, whichever is earlier. [Amended by 1953 c.707 §2; 1963 c.233 §1; 1969 c.237 §2; 1973 c.402 §16; 1977 c.884 §18; 1979 c.692 §11; 1979 c.704 §2; 1981 c.346 §2; 1987 c.756 §9; 1991 c.459 §250; 1993 c.270 §59; 1995 c.513 §3; 1997 c.819 §13; 2001 c.42 §2; 2001 c.229 §2; 2005 c.94 §63; 2007 c.524 §1]
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