2007 ORS 308.411¹
Appraisal and real market valuation of industrial plants
  • rules

(1) Except as limited by subsections (2) to (9) of this section, the real market value of an industrial plant shall be determined for ad valorem tax purposes under ORS 308.205 (Real market value defined), 308.232 (Property to be valued at 100 percent real market value and assessed at assessed value) and 308.235 (Valuation of land) utilizing the market data approach (sales of comparable properties), the cost approach (reproduction or replacement cost of the plant) or the income approach (capitalization of income) or by two or more approaches. The assessed value of an industrial plant shall be determined under ORS 308.146 (Determination of maximum assessed value and assessed value).

(2) The owner of a plant may elect to have the plant appraised and valued for ad valorem property tax purposes excluding the income approach to valuation. An owner making an election under this subsection must further determine which of the following paragraphs is applicable to the election:

(a) If this paragraph applies to the election, the owner may not be required to provide any itemization of income or expense of the industrial plant for use in making an appraisal of the plant for ad valorem property tax purposes; or

(b) If this paragraph applies to the election, the owner may not be required to provide any itemization of income of the industrial plant for use in making an appraisal of the plant for ad valorem property tax purposes, but may be required to provide an itemization of operating expenses of the industrial plant for use in measuring functional obsolescence in a market data approach or cost approach to valuation.

(3) Not less than 30 days prior to the making of a physical appraisal or reappraisal of an industrial plant by the Department of Revenue or by a county assessor, the department or assessor shall notify the owner of the plant by mail, return receipt requested, of the intention to physically appraise the plant. The notice shall inform the owner of the date the appraisal is to commence. In commencing the appraisal and to aid the owner in making an election under subsection (2) of this section, the department’s or assessor’s appraisers first shall make a preliminary survey of the plant as to the methods and approaches to the valuation of the plant to be used in the appraisal. The owner or owner’s representative shall immediately thereafter meet with the appraisers, and within two days after the meeting may give written notice to the appraisers that the owner elects to have the plant valued in accordance with subsection (2) of this section. The written notice shall state which paragraph of subsection (2) of this section is applicable to the election. Failure to make the election precludes the owner from making the election for the tax year in which the valuation determined by the physical appraisal is first used on the assessment and tax rolls of the county.

(4) If an owner does not make an election under subsection (2) of this section, the owner shall make available to the assessor or department all information requested by the assessor or department needed to determine the real market value for the plant. At the request of the owner, the information shall be made the confidential records of the office of the assessor or of the department, subject to the provisions of ORS 305.420 (Issuance of subpoenas) and 305.430 (Hearings to be open to public).

(5) If an owner makes an election under subsection (2) of this section, the owner may not in any proceedings involving the assessment of the industrial plant for the tax year for which the election was made, before the county board of property tax appeals or the Oregon Tax Court, be entitled to introduce evidence relating to the use of the income approach to valuation of the plant or introduce any information protected under the election.

(6)(a) On or before December 31 of the tax year in which the election under subsection (2) of this section first applies to an assessment and tax roll, or on or before December 31 of any subsequent tax year, if the owner is dissatisfied with the election under subsection (2) of this section, the owner may revoke or revise the election.

(b) If the election is revoked, the owner may request the Department of Revenue or the county assessor, whichever is applicable, to revalue the plant for the next tax year using the appraisal methods set forth in subsection (1) of this section.

(c) If the election is revised, the paragraph of subsection (2) of this section that was not applicable to the election shall become applicable to the election in lieu of the paragraph applicable before revision. If the election is revised, the owner may request the Department of Revenue or the county assessor, whichever is applicable, to revalue the plant for the next tax year in accordance with the revised election.

(d) If a revocation or revision of an election is sought, the owner shall demonstrate that the determination of real market value requires taking into consideration the utilization of the income approach to valuation or the measurement of functional obsolescence using operating expense information. Thereafter, at the request of the department or the assessor, the owner shall make available to the department or the assessor all information requested by the department or the assessor as provided in subsection (4) of this section within 30 days following the department’s or the assessor’s request. If the owner fails to provide the information and a revocation had been sought, the election under subsection (2) of this section shall continue. If the owner fails to provide the information and a revision had been sought, the paragraph of subsection (2) that applied prior to the attempted revision shall continue to apply to the election. Under either circumstance, in any proceedings involving the assessment of the industrial plant for subsequent tax years, before the county board of property tax appeals or the Oregon Tax Court, the owner may not introduce evidence relating to the income approach to valuation or introduce any information protected under the election. If the department or assessor makes such a redetermination of the valuation as may, in their opinion, be necessary, the department or assessor shall furnish to the owner prior to the following May 1 a statement of the value of the plant as redetermined by the department or the assessor, with an explanation of the adjustments made.

(7) After any physical appraisal of an industrial plant or after the appraisal is updated for use on the assessment and tax rolls for a subsequent year, but in any event prior to May 1 of the assessment year for which the appraisal or update applies, the owner may request a conference with the department or with the assessor concerning the determination of real market value under the physical appraisal or updating of the appraisal. If the request for a conference is made, the department or the assessor shall give written notice to the owner of the time and place for the conference for an informal discussion of the valuation.

(8) Except as provided in this section, no owner of an industrial plant shall be required to make available to the assessor or department, any itemization of income and expense of the industrial plant for use in an income approach to valuation in making an appraisal of an industrial plant for purposes of ad valorem property taxation. However, information furnished pursuant to subsection (4) of this section is available to the county assessor and to the department for purposes of preparing valuations of other industrial plants, subject to the provisions of ORS 308.413 (Confidential information furnished under ORS 308.411).

(9) Nothing in this section shall preclude the request for and use of information from an owner of an industrial plant concerning cost items, whether materials, labor or otherwise, for use in the reproduction cost approach to the valuation of the plant. In no event shall the application of subsection (2) of this section operate to value an industrial plant below its real market value for ad valorem property tax purposes under ORS 308.232 (Property to be valued at 100 percent real market value and assessed at assessed value). The election of an owner under subsection (2) of this section to forgo the consideration of the income approach to valuation shall constitute an irrevocable waiver of any subsequent claim that the failure of the assessor or the department to consider the income approach resulted in a valuation in excess of the real market value of the plant under ORS 308.232 (Property to be valued at 100 percent real market value and assessed at assessed value).

(10) If the owner of an industrial plant has made an election under subsection (2) of this section, a subpoena for the production of information for the industrial plant that is protected by the election may not be issued while that election is in effect.

(11) Notwithstanding subsection (3) of this section concerning the time for making an election under subsection (2) of this section, if the owner of an industrial plant receives notice under ORS 305.392 (Process for limiting scope of third-party subpoena) that a subpoena will be issued for income or expense information for the industrial plant, and the owner has not previously made an election under subsection (2) of this section that is in effect, the owner may make the election allowed under subsection (2) of this section within the 60-day period specified in ORS 305.392 (Process for limiting scope of third-party subpoena). Any owner making an election under this subsection may not revoke or revise that election until after the industrial plant is next assessed for ad valorem tax purposes.

(12) Notwithstanding subsection (2) of this section, nothing in this section is intended to exclude the capitalization of market rents from the appraisal of buildings.

(13) The department may adopt any rules necessary to carry out the purposes of this section. [1981 c.139 §2; 1991 c.459 §132; 1993 c.270 §33; 1993 c.353 §8; 1995 c.79 §129; 1995 c.650 §88; 1995 c.724 §1; 1997 c.541 §§193,194; 1999 c.579 §30]

Note: See note under 308.408 ("Industrial plant" defined).

Notes of Decisions

Where electric generating facility was determined to be separate prop­erty subject to central assess­ment as utility and not part of integrated industrial plant, elec­tion not to disclose income was unavailable. D.R. Johnson Lumber Co. v. Dept. of Rev., 12 OTR 429 (1993), aff'd 318 Or 330, 866 P2d 1227 (1994)

Elec­tion to have plant appraised excluding considera­tion of func­tional and economic obsolescence precludes only use of income approach to valua­tion. J.R. Simplot v. Dept. of Rev., 321 Or 253, 897 P2d 316 (1995)

Elec­tion to have plant appraised excluding considera­tion of func­tional and economic obsolescence does not require that valua­tion be in excess of true cash value. J.R. Simplot v. Dept. of Rev., 321 Or 253, 897 P2d 316 (1995)

Taxpayer electing plant valua­tion without considera­tion of func­tional and economic obsolescence may introduce evidence relating to obsolescence for purpose of proving that obsolescence was not weighed in arriving at valua­tion. J.R. Simplot v. Dept. of Rev., 321 Or 253, 897 P2d 316 (1995)

Where taxpayer elects to have prop­erty valued without income approach, market data approach cannot be used unless appraiser can identify and add back that por­tion of market deprecia­tion that is due to func­tional and economic obsolescence. Grant County v. Dept. of Revenue, 14 OTR 324 (1998)

Chapter 308

Notes of Decisions

Programs administered by Depart­ment of Revenue that allow preferential assess­ment for farm and forestland are not "programs affecting land use" and are not subject to require­ment of statewide goal and local comprehensive plan compliance under ORS 197.180 (State agency planning responsibilities). Springer v. LCDC, 111 Or App 262, 826 P2d 54 (1992), Sup Ct review denied

Atty. Gen. Opinions

Applica­tion of Article XI, sec­tion 11b of Oregon Constitu­tion to this chapter, (1990) Vol 46, p 388

Law Review Cita­tions

5 EL 516 (1975)

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 308—Assessment of Property for Taxation, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­308.­html (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
 
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2007, Chapter 308, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­308ano.­htm (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.