ORS 30.265¹
Scope of liability of public body, officers, employees and agents
  • liability in nuclear incident

(1) Subject to the limitations of ORS 30.260 (Definitions for ORS 30.260 to 30.300) to 30.300 (ORS 30.260 to 30.300 exclusive), every public body is subject to action or suit for its torts and those of its officers, employees and agents acting within the scope of their employment or duties, whether arising out of a governmental or proprietary function or while operating a motor vehicle in a ridesharing arrangement authorized under ORS 276.598 (Car or van pools). The sole cause of action for any tort of officers, employees or agents of a public body acting within the scope of their employment or duties and eligible for representation and indemnification under ORS 30.285 (Public body shall indemnify public officers) or 30.287 (Counsel for public officer) shall be an action against the public body only. The remedy provided by ORS 30.260 (Definitions for ORS 30.260 to 30.300) to 30.300 (ORS 30.260 to 30.300 exclusive) is exclusive of any other action or suit against any such officer, employee or agent of a public body whose act or omission within the scope of the officer’s, employee’s or agent’s employment or duties gives rise to the action or suit. No other form of civil action or suit shall be permitted. If an action or suit is filed against an officer, employee or agent of a public body, on appropriate motion the public body shall be substituted as the only defendant. Substitution of the public body as the defendant does not exempt the public body from making any report required under ORS 742.400 (Duty to report claim of professional negligence to licensing board).

(2) Every public body is immune from liability for any claim for injury to or death of any person or injury to property resulting from an act or omission of an officer, employee or agent of a public body when such officer, employee or agent is immune from liability.

(3) Every public body and its officers, employees and agents acting within the scope of their employment or duties, or while operating a motor vehicle in a ridesharing arrangement authorized under ORS 276.598 (Car or van pools), are immune from liability for:

(a) Any claim for injury to or death of any person covered by any workers’ compensation law.

(b) Any claim in connection with the assessment and collection of taxes.

(c) Any claim based upon the performance of or the failure to exercise or perform a discretionary function or duty, whether or not the discretion is abused.

(d) Any claim that is limited or barred by the provisions of any other statute, including but not limited to any statute of ultimate repose.

(e) Any claim arising out of riot, civil commotion or mob action or out of any act or omission in connection with the prevention of any of the foregoing.

(f) Any claim arising out of an act done or omitted under apparent authority of a law, resolution, rule or regulation that is unconstitutional, invalid or inapplicable except to the extent that they would have been liable had the law, resolution, rule or regulation been constitutional, valid and applicable, unless such act was done or omitted in bad faith or with malice.

(4) Subsection (1) of this section applies to any action of any officer, employee or agent of the state relating to a nuclear incident, whether or not the officer, employee or agent is acting within the scope of employment, and provided the nuclear incident is covered by an insurance or indemnity agreement under 42 U.S.C. 2210.

(5) Subsection (3)(c) of this section does not apply to any discretionary act that is found to be the cause or partial cause of a nuclear incident covered by an insurance or indemnity agreement under the provisions of 42 U.S.C. 2210, including but not limited to road design and route selection. [1967 c.627 §§2,3,10; 1969 c.429 §1; 1975 c.609 §12; 1977 c.823 §2; 1981 c.490 §4; 1985 c.731 §31; 1987 c.705 §7; 1991 c.861 §1; 2005 c.22 §19; 2007 c.803 §4]

Notes of Decisions

Public of­fi­cers and employes are generally immune from liability for alleged negligence in planning and designing high­ways. Smith v. Cooper, 256 Or 485, 475 P2d 78 (1970); Leonard v. Jackson, 6 Or App 613, 488 P2d 838 (1971), Sup Ct review denied

Excep­tion for tort claims by per­sons covered by workers' compensa­tion laws was constitu­tional. Edwards v. State Military Dept., 8 Or App 620, 494 P2d 891 (1972), Sup Ct review denied; Millspaugh v. Port of Portland, 65 Or App 389, 671 P2d 743 (1983), Sup Ct review denied

Determina­tion of whether public employee is acting in discre­tionary func­tion or in ministerial func­tion is a ques­tion of law to be decided by court. Weaver v. Lane County, 10 Or App 281, 499 P2d 1351 (1972)

Maintenance of highway is not "discre­tionary func­tion or duty." Lanning v. State Hwy. Comm., 15 Or App 310, 515 P2d 1355 (1973)

Decision to erect highway warning signs is discre­tionary func­tion for which there is immunity under paragraph (2)(d). Turrini v. Gulick, 16 Or App 167, 517 P2d 1230 (1974), Sup Ct review denied

The act of selecting a site for a public gathering is a discre­tionary func­tion for which no liability may attach; however, once selected the duty to maintain the site in a safe condi­tion is a ministerial func­tion for which liability may attach. Baker v. State Bd. of Higher Educ., 20 Or App 277, 531 P2d 716 (1975), Sup Ct review denied

Maintenance of its fairgrounds by the county was clearly a ministerial rather than a discre­tionary duty. Baker v. State Bd. of Higher Educ., 20 Or App 277, 531 P2d 716 (1975), Sup Ct review denied

Immunity from liability for claim in connec­tion with assess­ment and collec­tion of taxes encompasses any manifesta­tion of power of taxa­tion. Hall v. City of Hillsboro, 29 Or App 161, 562 P2d 597 (1977)

In suit under Oregon Tort Claims Act burden is on defendant to plead immunity, and plaintiff has no burden to plead in his complaint that con­duct complained of is not immune from liability. Hulen v. City of Hermiston, 30 Or App 1141, 569 P2d 665 (1977)

The scope of a public employe's or agent's common law immunity and the immunity afforded by this sec­tion are the same. Pickett v. Washington County, 31 Or App 1263, 572 P2d 1070 (1977)

City decision holding up processing of pending applica­tions for building permits in order to es­tab­lish Design Review Committee was discre­tionary and thus demurrer to complaint alleging pecuniary damage from delay in processing was properly sustained. Robert Randall Co. v. City of Milwaukie, 32 Or App 631, 575 P2d 170 (1978)

Where large boulder which projected over shoulder of county roadway and onto traveled por­tion of road was consequence of initial design of road, place­ment of warning sign with respect to boulder was discre­tionary act, and county was immune from motorist's suit alleging neg­li­gent failure to post warning sign. Mayse v. Coos County, 35 Or App 779, 583 P2d 7 (1978)

In wrongful death ac­tion resulting from auto collision at intersec­tion designed and maintained by county and allegedly identified by county as hazardous condi­tion for which county authorized mi­nor changes in traffic control, allega­tions of plaintiffs complaint were not specific enough to determine whether county's alleged delay in changes was con­duct falling within discre­tionary act excep­tion to this sec­tion. Moody v. Lane County, 36 Or App 231, 584 P2d 335 (1978)

Design and installa­tion of traffic signals were discre­tionary acts, and city was immune from liability for collision which occurred at intersec­tion where driver was able to see green as well as red light from his posi­tion. Gallison v. City of Portland, 37 Or App 145, 586 P2d 393 (1978), Sup Ct review denied

Opera­tion or applica­tion of traffic signal constitutes exercise of discre­tionary func­tion for which public bodies are immune. Morris v. Oregon State Transporta­tion Comm. 38 Or App 331, 590 P2d 260 (1979)

County may be sued if it, or its of­fi­cers, employes and agents acting within scope of their employ­ment or duties, deprive per­son of any rights, privileges or immunities secured by United States Constitu­tion. Rosacker v. Multnomah County, 43 Or App 583, 603 P2d 1216 (1979), Sup Ct review denied

In damage ac­tion for fraudulent misrepresenta­tion, college per­sonnel who assured student that certain ma­te­ri­al and equip­ment would be available for use in instruc­tion were not performing immune "discre­tionary func­tion." Dizick v. Umpqua Community College, 287 Or 303, 599 P2d 444 (1979)

Police of­fi­cer was not immune, as matter of law, from liability for conversion where jury could have found that he ate most of sturgeon which he seized under mis­taken impression that it had been illegally caught, since such an act would not be within scope of his employ­ment or duties. Dickens v. DeBolt, 288 Or 3, 602 P2d 246 (1979)

Fire chief was immune from any liability for inspec­tion of movie theater, during regularly scheduled showing of movie, to discover fire safety viola­tions as this was discre­tionary act within scope of his employ­ment or duties. Disney-Marine Co., Inc. v. Webb, 47 Or App 985, 615 P2d 1125 (1980)

Where plaintiff, in ac­tion against county for death of her horses in fire while horses were stabled at county fairgrounds, alleged that county failed to equip barn with alarm system and adequate fire-fighting equip­ment, county's decision on those matters was discre­tionary and it was immune from any liability for those failures. Dundas v. Lincoln County, 48 Or App 1025, 618 P2d 978 (1980)

Even if Children's Services Division's failure to follow re­quired APA rulemaking pro­ce­dures could constitute tort within meaning of Tort Claims Act, CSD was immune from tort liability where it terminated its benefit program without prior rulemaking pro­ce­dures. Burke v. Children's Services Division, 288 Or 533, 607 P2d 141 (1980)

Highway Division was not immune from liability for its arrange­ment of traffic lights and design of shielding for traffic lights. Stevenson v. State ex rel Dept. of Transporta­tion, 290 Or 3, 619 P2d 247 (1980)

Alleged negligence of county's employes in failing to inspect, maintain and repair steel grid surface of bridge was not discre­tionary act, immune from tort liability, even though technical expertise may have been re­quired. Saracco v. Multnomah County, 50 Or App 145, 622 P2d 1118 (1981)

Immunity from liability for performance of discre­tionary duty is inapplicable to acts of employ­ment discrimina­tion. Clackamas Co. Fire Protec­tion Dist. v. Bureau of Labor, 50 Or App 337, 624 P2d 141 (1981), Sup Ct review denied

Applicability of immunity for performance or nonperformance of discre­tionary act depends not on "discre­tionary" nature of overall func­tion of public body, but de­gree of discre­tion, if any, allowed individual defendant whose immunity is at issue. Bradford v. Davis, 290 Or 855, 865 P2d 1376 (1981)

Acts of defendant, state agency, in issuing and overseeing certificate of approval for day care facility were not, as matter of law, discre­tionary, allowing immunity from liability under this sec­tion, absent showing that decisions were matters of policy. Brasel v. Childrens Services Div., 56 Or App 559, 642 P2d 696 (1982)

Immunity pro­vi­sion in former version of this sec­tion did not apply to city's invalid at­tempt, by charter pro­vi­sion, to exempt itself from liability for its torts. Brookwell v. Frakes, 56 Or App 687, 642 P2d 1183 (1982), Sup Ct review denied

Tort Claims Act bars recovery for injuries suffered by prisoner shot by prison employes during riot. Albers v. Whitley, 546 F Supp 726 (1982)

Allega­tions that agency did not develop adequate pro­ce­dures to imple­ment underlying policy did not, on their face, pertain to discre­tionary govern­mental acts and trial court did not err by denying mo­tion to strike. Pendergrass v. State of Oregon, 66 Or App 607, 675 P2d 505 (1984)

Parole Board is immune from tort liability for paroling inmate under statutory scheme existing at time of decisions in 1974 and 1977. Hendricks v. State, 67 Or App 453, 678 P2d 759 (1984), Sup Ct review denied

Failure of city to inspect and repair sidewalks is discre­tionary act and immune from liability. Sager v. City of Portland, 68 Or App 808, 684 P2d 600 (1984), Sup Ct review denied

Where agency authority to act is discre­tionary, agency has no mandatory duty to consider whether to take ac­tion. Miller v. Grants Pass Irriga­tion Dist., 297 Or 312, 686 P2d 324 (1984)

Where public body exercises considera­tion of alternative methods of fulfilling non-discre­tionary duty to act, body is immune to suit for failure to make discre­tionary choice among alternatives before injury occurred. Miller v. Grants Pass Irriga­tion Dist., 297 Or 312, 686 P2d 324 (1984)

Where allega­tion is that SAIF conspired with employer to eliminate worker's entitle­ment to benefits, there is no discre­tionary act immunity. Crosby v. SAIF, 73 Or App 372, 699 P2d 198 (1985)

City's failure to inspect sidewalk on which plaintiff fell was discre­tionary act and city was immune from liability for fall. Ramsey v. City of Salem, 76 Or App 29, 707 P2d 1295 (1985)

Employer of injured employe may not recover indemnity from alleged neg­li­gent public body when public body has no liability whatsoever to injured employe due to this sec­tion. Jones Oregon Stevedoring v. Port of Portland, 82 Or App 608, 729 P2d 582 (1986), Sup Ct review denied

Where plaintiff sued county, claiming court clerk neg­li­gently failed to docket divorce decree and accompanying prop­erty settle­ment agree­ment as judg­ment, clerk and county were protected by judicial immunity because clerk was acting under instruc­tions of judge in proper judicial capacity. Praggastis v. Clackamas County, 87 Or App 378, 742 P2d 669 (1987), aff'd 305 Or 419, 752 P2d 302 (1988)

In absence of evidence that decision re­gard­ing installa­tion of warning signs at intersec­tion was made as policy judg­ment by per­son or body with govern­mental discre­tion, decision is not immune from liability. Little v. Wimmer, 303 Or 580, 739 P2d 564 (1987)

APA provided exclusive pro­ce­dure for review, where alleged tort liability was premised on finding that Highway Division's order in other than contested case was improper. Clarke Electric, Inc. v. State Highway Division, 93 Or App 693, 763 P2d 1199 (1988)

Exemp­tion from liability for claims of injury or death by per­son covered under workers' compensa­tion law does not violate Privileges and Immunities Clause of Oregon Constitu­tion. Jungen v. State of Oregon, 94 Or App 101, 764 P2d 938 (1988), Sup Ct review denied

This sec­tion does not violate sec­tion 20, Article I, Oregon Constitu­tion. Ward v. Romig, 101 Or App 235, 790 P2d 44 (1990); Gunn v. Lane County, 173 Or App 97, 20 P3d 247 (2001), Sup Ct review denied

Ac­tions of employee who fails to follow official policy are not immune as performance of discre­tionary func­tion or duty. Egner v. City of Portland, 103 Or App 623, 798 P2d 721 (1990)

City ordinances that imposed concomitant responsibility and liability on abutting prop­erty owners do not relieve city of liability for nondiscre­tionary duty to maintain visibility of stop sign. Pritchard v. City of Portland, 310 Or 235, 796 P2d 1184 (1990)

Police of­fi­cer's decision to pursue vehicle was not policy judg­ment that would render decision discre­tionary and immune from liability. Lowrimore v. Dimmitt, 310 Or 291, 797 P2d 1027 (1990); Dee v. Pomeroy, 109 Or App 114, 818 P2d 523 (1991); Hawkins v. City of La Grande, 315 Or 57, 843 P2d 400 (1992)

When statute is discre­tionary by its terms, public entity is immune from liability if entity does not take ac­tion pursuant to statute. Fielding v. Heiderich, 113 Or App 280, 832 P2d 1244 (1992)

Where claim included allega­tions of negligence in city's imple­menta­tion or performance of inspec­tion and maintenance program, discre­tionary immunity did not apply. Tozer v. City of Eugene, 115 Or App 464, 838 P2d 1104 (1992)

Statute expressly retains state's immunity from tort for claims alleging unconstitu­tional taxa­tion. Anderson v. Dept. of Rev., 313 Or 1, 828 P2d 1001 (1992)

Where principal was acting as responsible policy-making official, decisions concerning number and loca­tion of security per­sonnel within high school were classic policy choices entitled to discre­tionary immunity. Mosley v. Portland School Dist. No. 1J, 315 Or 85, 843 P2d 415 (1992)

Proba­tion of­fi­cer entitled to judicial immunity against neg­li­gent supervision claim because of­fi­cer carried out directive of court and acted within authority granted by court. Jones-Clark v. Severe, 118 Or App 270, 846 P2d 1197 (1993)

Worker was entitled to pursue employ­ment related inten­tional tort claim against state even though worker was per­son covered by workers' compensa­tion coverage. Moustachetti v. State of Oregon, 122 Or App 598, 858 P2d 487 (1993), aff'd on other grounds, 319 Or 319, 877 P2d 66 (1994)

City was immune from negligence claim based on failure to develop inspec­tion and maintenance program. Bakr v. Elliott, 125 Or App 1, 864 P2d 1340 (1993), Sup Ct review denied

Ordinance providing for indemnity by joint tortfeasor did not constitute illegal grant of immunity to local govern­ment where indemnity obliga­tion under ordinance included amount of any contribu­tion payable by local govern­ment to joint tortfeasor who was indemnity obligor. Simons v. City of Portland, 132 Or App 74, 887 P2d 824 (1994)

Allega­tion of same facts underlying workers' compensa­tion claim did not create employer immunity to tort claim for separate injury. Moustachetti v. State of Oregon, 319 Or 319, 877 P2d 66 (1994)

General maritime law does not preempt or abrogate state sovereign immunity. Ortega v. Port of Portland, 147 Or App 489, 936 P2d 1037 (1997)

Grant of immunity is constitu­tional where plaintiff is not left wholly without remedy for injury. Brentano v. Marion County, 150 Or App 538, 946 P2d 705 (1997); Gunn v. Lane County, 173 Or App 97, 20 P3d 247 (2001), Sup Ct review denied

Public body immunity from liability applies only to financial liability for damages and does not preclude grant of injunctive relief against public body. Penland v. Redwood Sanitary Sewer Service Dist., 327 Or 1, 956 P2d 964 (1998)

Existence of common law nuisance may permit injunctive relief against public body, but does not overcome immunity given public body for discre­tionary acts. Mark v. Dept. of Fish and Wildlife, 158 Or App 355, 974 P2d 716 (1999), Sup Ct review denied

Judicial immunity does not apply where jurisdic­tion is absent, but does apply where jurisdic­tion exists and is erroneously exercised. Heusel v. Multnomah County District Attorney's Office, 163 Or App 51, 989 P2d 465 (1999)

To qualify for discre­tionary immunity, govern­ment func­tion or duty must result from exercise of judg­ment involving public policy by public body or per­son with authority or responsibility to make policy choice. Ramirez v. Hawaii T and S Enterprises, Inc., 179 Or App 416, 39 P3d 931 (2002), Sup Ct review denied

Public body immunity provided by workers' compensa­tion coverage applies for claims arising from type of common law legal injury or wrong for which legislature intended coverage to provide substitute remedy. Stone v. Finnerty, 182 Or App 452, 50 P3d 1179 (2002), modified 184 Or App 111, 55 P3d 531 (2002), Sup Ct review denied

Where workers' compensa­tion law provides remedy for type of legal injury or wrong suffered, public body is immune from liability notwithstanding that certain types of damage arising out of legal injury or wrong are not compensable under workers' compensa­tion law. Stone v. Finnerty, 182 Or App 452, 50 P3d 1179 (2002), modified 184 Or App 111, 55 P3d 531 (2002), Sup Ct review denied

Discre­tionary immunity de­fense requires evidence re­gard­ing actual considera­tion process by which decision was reached. Sande v. City of Portland, 185 Or App 262, 59 P3d 595 (2002)

Decision is discre­tionary decision entitled to immunity if within nature and scope of duties delegated to decision maker, regardless of office or level of posi­tion held by decision maker. Garrison v. Deschutes County, 334 Or 264, 48 P3d 807 (2002)

Limita­tion on cause of ac­tion for tort committed by employee of public body does not, on its face, violate pro­vi­sions of Oregon Constitu­tion re­gard­ing remedy for injury, trial by jury or granting of privileges and immunities. Jensen v. Whitlow, 334 Or 412, 51 P3d 599 (2002)

Waiver of state immunity against suit does not waive pro­hi­bi­­tion under United States Constitu­tion against per­son suing own state in federal court. Estate of Pond v. Oregon, 322 F. Supp. 2d 1161 (D. Or. 2004)

Atty. Gen. Opinions

Public agency's liability for injury to member of public during evacua­tion drill at Trojan nuclear plant, (1980) Vol 40, p 180; Costs of defending and indemnifying county-funded staffs of district attorneys and circuit and district court judges under state Tort Liability Program, (1980) Vol 41, p 90; inap­pli­ca­bil­i­ty of constitu­tional pro­vi­sion requiring pay­ments based on govern­ment regula­tions restricting use of prop­erty, (2001) Vol 49, p 284

Law Review Cita­tions

22 WLR 147 (1986); 23 WLR 493, 507 (1987); 67 OLR 859 (1988); 74 OLR 379 (1995); 38 WLR 657 (2002)

Notes of Decisions

Dismissal of ac­tion for per­sonal injuries was improper where based solely upon allega­tions of complaint and allega­tions did not state sufficient facts for court to determine whether particular govern­mental act was discre­tionary func­tion or duty. Hulen v. City of Hermiston, 30 Or App 1141, 569 P2d 665 (1977)

Where plaintiff was mis­takenly arrested following computer retrieval of identifying and locator data for individual of similar name, demurrer as to three of defendants was properly sustained because plaintiff failed to allege sufficient facts from which duty to plaintiff could be discerned, and summary judg­ment as to two of defendants was improperly allowed because affidavits did not reveal whether defendant's acts were discre­tionary or ministerial. Murphy v. City of Portland, 36 Or App 745, 585 P2d 732 (1978)

Complaint allega­tion that plaintiff submitted applica­tion for building permit in proper form was sufficient to allow pros­e­cu­­tion of claim against public of­fi­cer. Dykeman v. State, 39 Or App 629, 593 P2d 1183 (1979)

Even if Children's Services Division's failure to follow re­quired APA rulemaking pro­ce­dures could constitute tort within meaning of these sec­tions, CSD was immune from tort liability under ORS 30.265 (Scope of liability of public body, officers, employees and agents) (3)(f) where it terminated its benefit program without prior rulemaking pro­ce­dures. Burke v. Children's Services Division, 288 Or 533, 607 P2d 141 (1980)

Ac­tions brought under 42 U.S.C. 1981 are subject to two-year statute of limita­tions of Tort Claims Act. Loiseau v. Dept. of Human Resources, 558 F Supp 521 (1983)

Where police of­fi­cer pursued plaintiff in marked police car with lights and siren activated in area defendant was assigned to patrol, with no known motive other than to fulfill duty as police of­fi­cer, trial court was correct in concluding that defendant was acting in course and scope of employ­ment, despite plaintiff's claim that defendant's acts were excessive. Brungardt v. Barton, 69 Or App 440, 685 P2d 1021 (1984)

Plaintiff in 42 U.S.C. 1983 ac­tion brought under the Oregon Tort Claims Act against municipality for ac­tions of its employes need not show that employes acted according to "custom or usage" as in federal §1983 ac­tion. Haase v. City of Eugene, 85 Or App 107, 735 P2d 1258 (1987)

Limita­tions of Oregon Tort Claims Act do not apply to claims brought in state court alleging viola­tion of federal Civil Rights Act. Rogers v. Saylor, 306 Or 267, 760 P2d 232 (1988)

Mayor was immune from liability in tort claim under this sec­tion where former chief of police brought tort ac­tion in connec­tion with her removal from office. Harrington v. City of Portland, 708 F Supp 1561 (D. Or. 1988)

Where plaintiffs brought ac­tion under 42 U.S.C 1983 and this sec­tion after defendant Children's Services Division employees removed plaintiff's child from home following reports of abuse, defendants are entitled to absolute immunity under this sec­tion for their discre­tionary acts as provided by ORS 30.265 (Scope of liability of public body, officers, employees and agents) (3). Tennyson v. Children's Services Division, 308 Or 80, 775 P2d 1365 (1989)

There is no legislative purpose to extend defini­tion of "agent" to control to include ostensible agent when doctrine of apparent authority is intended to achieve different purpose. Giese v. Bay Area Health District, 101 Or App 410, 790 P2d 1198 (1990), Sup Ct review denied

Because there was evidence that resident was not hospital's agent in first place, fact that "loaned servant" doctrine does not eliminate agency rela­tionship between hospital and employee who assists physician in surgery did not give plaintiff grounds for di­rected verdict. Shepard v. Sisters of Providence, 102 Or App 196, 793 P2d 1384 (1990)

Completed Cita­tions

State Forester v. Umpqua R. Nav. Co., 258 Or 10, 478 P2d 631 (1970), cert. denied, 404 US 826 (1971)

Atty. Gen. Opinions

Liability of members of the State Water Resources Board for damages of party adversely affected by reclassifica­tion, (1972) Vol 36, p 250; faculty members scope of employ­ment, (1975) Vol 37, p 911; state liability for neg­li­gent opera­tion by drivers of state-owned vehicles in authorized car pool, (1978) Vol 39, p 101; State Accident Insurance Fund Corpora­tion as public body, (1980) Vol 40, p 344; Use of Liability Fund balances to pay cost of claims for which date of loss precedes authorized imple­menta­tion date of state self-insurance program, (1981) Vol 41, p 329; Depart­ment of Veterans Affairs fee appraisers and inspectors as agents of state for purposes of tort liability, (1981) Vol 42, p 103; CPAs and PAs volunteering services to investigate and review complaints against accountancy licensees as employes or agents of public body, (1983) Vol 43, p 145; Cause of ac­tion under Oregon Tort Claims Act for declarative or injunctive relief or for viola­tion of federal statute, (1985) Vol. 44, p 416; Oregon Medical Insurance Pool, board, members, employes and agents immune from tort claims, (1989) Vol 46, p 155; director and other state employes are covered by Oregon Tort Claims Act, (1989) Vol 46, p 155; various per­sons have immunity from pros­e­cu­­tion for crim­i­nal acts committed in carrying out pool programs, (1989) Vol 46, p 155

Law Review Cita­tions

53 OLR 371 (1974); 23 WLR 493, 507 (1987); 69 OLR 157 (1990); 38 WLR 657 (2002)

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 30—Actions and Suits in Particular Cases, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­Archive/­2007ors30.­pdf (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2007, Chapter 30, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­030ano.­htm (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent. Currency Information