2007 ORS 215.283¹
Uses permitted in exclusive farm use zones in nonmarginal lands counties
  • rules

(1) The following uses may be established in any area zoned for exclusive farm use:

(a) Public or private schools, including all buildings essential to the operation of a school.

(b) Churches and cemeteries in conjunction with churches.

(c) The propagation or harvesting of a forest product.

(d) Utility facilities necessary for public service, including wetland waste treatment systems but not including commercial facilities for the purpose of generating electrical power for public use by sale or transmission towers over 200 feet in height. A utility facility necessary for public service may be established as provided in ORS 215.275 (Utility facilities necessary for public service).

(e) A dwelling on real property used for farm use if the dwelling is occupied by a relative of the farm operator or the farm operator’s spouse, which means a child, parent, stepparent, grandchild, grandparent, stepgrandparent, sibling, stepsibling, niece, nephew or first cousin of either, if the farm operator does or will require the assistance of the relative in the management of the farm use and the dwelling is located on the same lot or parcel as the dwelling of the farm operator. Notwithstanding ORS 92.010 (Definitions for ORS 92.010 to 92.190) to 92.190 (Effect of replat) or the minimum lot or parcel size requirements under ORS 215.780 (Minimum lot or parcel sizes), if the owner of a dwelling described in this paragraph obtains construction financing or other financing secured by the dwelling and the secured party forecloses on the dwelling, the secured party may also foreclose on the homesite, as defined in ORS 308A.250 (Definitions for ORS 308A.250 to 308A.259), and the foreclosure shall operate as a partition of the homesite to create a new parcel.

(f) Primary or accessory dwellings and other buildings customarily provided in conjunction with farm use.

(g) Operations for the exploration for and production of geothermal resources as defined by ORS 522.005 (Definitions) and oil and gas as defined by ORS 520.005 (Definitions), including the placement and operation of compressors, separators and other customary production equipment for an individual well adjacent to the wellhead. Any activities or construction relating to such operations shall not be a basis for an exception under ORS 197.732 (Goal exceptions) (2)(a) or (b).

(h) Operations for the exploration for minerals as defined by ORS 517.750 (Definitions for ORS 517.702 to 517.989). Any activities or construction relating to such operations shall not be a basis for an exception under ORS 197.732 (Goal exceptions) (2)(a) or (b).

(i) A site for the disposal of solid waste that has been ordered to be established by the Environmental Quality Commission under ORS 459.049 (Mandated landfills in certain counties), together with equipment, facilities or buildings necessary for its operation.

(j) The breeding, kenneling and training of greyhounds for racing.

(k) Climbing and passing lanes within the right of way existing as of July 1, 1987.

(L) Reconstruction or modification of public roads and highways, including the placement of utility facilities overhead and in the subsurface of public roads and highways along the public right of way, but not including the addition of travel lanes, where no removal or displacement of buildings would occur, or no new land parcels result.

(m) Temporary public road and highway detours that will be abandoned and restored to original condition or use at such time as no longer needed.

(n) Minor betterment of existing public road and highway related facilities such as maintenance yards, weigh stations and rest areas, within right of way existing as of July 1, 1987, and contiguous public-owned property utilized to support the operation and maintenance of public roads and highways.

(o) A replacement dwelling to be used in conjunction with farm use if the existing dwelling has been listed in a county inventory as historic property as defined in ORS 358.480 (Definitions for ORS 358.480 to 358.545).

(p) Creation of, restoration of or enhancement of wetlands.

(q) A winery, as described in ORS 215.452 (Winery).

(r) Farm stands if:

(A) The structures are designed and used for the sale of farm crops or livestock grown on the farm operation, or grown on the farm operation and other farm operations in the local agricultural area, including the sale of retail incidental items and fee-based activity to promote the sale of farm crops or livestock sold at the farm stand if the annual sale of incidental items and fees from promotional activity do not make up more than 25 percent of the total annual sales of the farm stand; and

(B) The farm stand does not include structures designed for occupancy as a residence or for activity other than the sale of farm crops or livestock and does not include structures for banquets, public gatherings or public entertainment.

(s) Alteration, restoration or replacement of a lawfully established dwelling that:

(A) Has intact exterior walls and roof structure;

(B) Has indoor plumbing consisting of a kitchen sink, toilet and bathing facilities connected to a sanitary waste disposal system;

(C) Has interior wiring for interior lights;

(D) Has a heating system; and

(E) In the case of replacement:

(i) Is removed, demolished or converted to an allowable nonresidential use within three months of the completion of the replacement dwelling. A replacement dwelling may be sited on any part of the same lot or parcel. A dwelling established under this paragraph shall comply with all applicable siting standards. However, the standards shall not be applied in a manner that prohibits the siting of the dwelling. If the dwelling to be replaced is located on a portion of the lot or parcel not zoned for exclusive farm use, the applicant, as a condition of approval, shall execute and record in the deed records for the county where the property is located a deed restriction prohibiting the siting of a dwelling on that portion of the lot or parcel. The restriction imposed shall be irrevocable unless a statement of release is placed in the deed records for the county. The release shall be signed by the county or its designee and state that the provisions of this paragraph regarding replacement dwellings have changed to allow the siting of another dwelling. The county planning director or the director’s designee shall maintain a record of the lots and parcels that do not qualify for the siting of a new dwelling under the provisions of this paragraph, including a copy of the deed restrictions and release statements filed under this paragraph; and

(ii) For which the applicant has requested a deferred replacement permit, is removed or demolished within three months after the deferred replacement permit is issued. A deferred replacement permit allows construction of the replacement dwelling at any time. If, however, the established dwelling is not removed or demolished within three months after the deferred replacement permit is issued, the permit becomes void. The replacement dwelling must comply with applicable building codes, plumbing codes, sanitation codes and other requirements relating to health and safety or to siting at the time of construction. A deferred replacement permit may not be transferred, by sale or otherwise, except by the applicant to the spouse or a child of the applicant.

(t) A site for the takeoff and landing of model aircraft, including such buildings or facilities as may reasonably be necessary. Buildings or facilities shall not be more than 500 square feet in floor area or placed on a permanent foundation unless the building or facility preexisted the use approved under this paragraph. The site shall not include an aggregate surface or hard surface area unless the surface preexisted the use approved under this paragraph. As used in this paragraph, "model aircraft" means a small-scale version of an airplane, glider, helicopter, dirigible or balloon that is used or intended to be used for flight and is controlled by radio, lines or design by a person on the ground.

(u) A facility for the processing of farm crops, or the production of biofuel as defined in ORS 315.141 (Biomass production or collection), that is located on a farm operation that provides at least one-quarter of the farm crops processed at the facility. The building established for the processing facility shall not exceed 10,000 square feet of floor area exclusive of the floor area designated for preparation, storage or other farm use or devote more than 10,000 square feet to the processing activities within another building supporting farm uses. A processing facility shall comply with all applicable siting standards but the standards shall not be applied in a manner that prohibits the siting of the processing facility.

(v) Fire service facilities providing rural fire protection services.

(w) Irrigation canals, delivery lines and those structures and accessory operational facilities associated with a district as defined in ORS 540.505 (Definitions).

(x) Utility facility service lines. Utility facility service lines are utility lines and accessory facilities or structures that end at the point where the utility service is received by the customer and that are located on one or more of the following:

(A) A public right of way;

(B) Land immediately adjacent to a public right of way, provided the written consent of all adjacent property owners has been obtained; or

(C) The property to be served by the utility.

(y) Subject to the issuance of a license, permit or other approval by the Department of Environmental Quality under ORS 454.695 (License required to perform sewage disposal services), 459.205 (Permit required), 468B.050 (Water quality permit), 468B.053 (Alternatives to obtaining water quality permit) or 468B.055 (Plans and specifications for disposal, treatment and sewerage systems), or in compliance with rules adopted under ORS 468B.095 (Use of sludge on agricultural, horticultural or silvicultural land), and as provided in ORS 215.246 (Approval of land application of certain substances) to 215.251 (Relationship to other farm uses), the land application of reclaimed water, agricultural or industrial process water or biosolids for agricultural, horticultural or silvicultural production, or for irrigation in connection with a use allowed in an exclusive farm use zone under this chapter.

(z) A county law enforcement facility that lawfully existed on August 20, 2002, and is used to provide rural law enforcement services primarily in rural areas, including parole and post-prison supervision, but not including a correctional facility as defined under ORS 162.135 (Definitions for ORS 162.135 to 162.205).

(2) The following nonfarm uses may be established, subject to the approval of the governing body or its designee in any area zoned for exclusive farm use subject to ORS 215.296 (Standards for approval of certain uses in exclusive farm use zones):

(a) Commercial activities that are in conjunction with farm use, including the processing of farm crops into biofuel not permitted under ORS 215.203 (Zoning ordinances establishing exclusive farm use zones) (2)(b)(L) or subsection (1)(u) of this section.

(b) Operations conducted for:

(A) Mining and processing of geothermal resources as defined by ORS 522.005 (Definitions) and oil and gas as defined by ORS 520.005 (Definitions) not otherwise permitted under subsection (1)(g) of this section;

(B) Mining, crushing or stockpiling of aggregate and other mineral and other subsurface resources subject to ORS 215.298 (Mining in exclusive farm use zone);

(C) Processing, as defined by ORS 517.750 (Definitions for ORS 517.702 to 517.989), of aggregate into asphalt or portland cement; and

(D) Processing of other mineral resources and other subsurface resources.

(c) Private parks, playgrounds, hunting and fishing preserves and campgrounds. Subject to the approval of the county governing body or its designee, a private campground may provide yurts for overnight camping. No more than one-third or a maximum of 10 campsites, whichever is smaller, may include a yurt. The yurt shall be located on the ground or on a wood floor with no permanent foundation. Upon request of a county governing body, the Land Conservation and Development Commission may provide by rule for an increase in the number of yurts allowed on all or a portion of the campgrounds in a county if the commission determines that the increase will comply with the standards described in ORS 215.296 (Standards for approval of certain uses in exclusive farm use zones) (1). As used in this paragraph, "yurt" means a round, domed shelter of cloth or canvas on a collapsible frame with no plumbing, sewage disposal hookup or internal cooking appliance.

(d) Parks and playgrounds. A public park may be established consistent with the provisions of ORS 195.120 (Rules and planning goal amendments for parks required).

(e) Community centers owned by a governmental agency or a nonprofit community organization and operated primarily by and for residents of the local rural community. A community center authorized under this paragraph may provide services to veterans, including but not limited to emergency and transitional shelter, preparation and service of meals, vocational and educational counseling and referral to local, state or federal agencies providing medical, mental health, disability income replacement and substance abuse services, only in a facility that is in existence on January 1, 2006. The services may not include direct delivery of medical, mental health, disability income replacement or substance abuse services.

(f) Golf courses.

(g) Commercial utility facilities for the purpose of generating power for public use by sale.

(h) Personal-use airports for airplanes and helicopter pads, including associated hangar, maintenance and service facilities. A personal-use airport, as used in this section, means an airstrip restricted, except for aircraft emergencies, to use by the owner, and, on an infrequent and occasional basis, by invited guests, and by commercial aviation activities in connection with agricultural operations. No aircraft may be based on a personal-use airport other than those owned or controlled by the owner of the airstrip. Exceptions to the activities permitted under this definition may be granted through waiver action by the Oregon Department of Aviation in specific instances. A personal-use airport lawfully existing as of September 13, 1975, shall continue to be permitted subject to any applicable rules of the Oregon Department of Aviation.

(i) Home occupations as provided in ORS 215.448 (Home occupations).

(j) A facility for the primary processing of forest products, provided that such facility is found to not seriously interfere with accepted farming practices and is compatible with farm uses described in ORS 215.203 (Zoning ordinances establishing exclusive farm use zones) (2). Such a facility may be approved for a one-year period which is renewable. These facilities are intended to be only portable or temporary in nature. The primary processing of a forest product, as used in this section, means the use of a portable chipper or stud mill or other similar methods of initial treatment of a forest product in order to enable its shipment to market. Forest products, as used in this section, means timber grown upon a parcel of land or contiguous land where the primary processing facility is located.

(k) A site for the disposal of solid waste approved by the governing body of a city or county or both and for which a permit has been granted under ORS 459.245 (Issuance of permits) by the Department of Environmental Quality together with equipment, facilities or buildings necessary for its operation.

(L) One manufactured dwelling or recreational vehicle, or the temporary residential use of an existing building, in conjunction with an existing dwelling as a temporary use for the term of a hardship suffered by the existing resident or a relative of the resident. Within three months of the end of the hardship, the manufactured dwelling or recreational vehicle shall be removed or demolished or, in the case of an existing building, the building shall be removed, demolished or returned to an allowed nonresidential use. The governing body or its designee shall provide for periodic review of the hardship claimed under this paragraph. A temporary residence approved under this paragraph is not eligible for replacement under subsection (1)(s) of this section.

(m) Transmission towers over 200 feet in height.

(n) Dog kennels not described in subsection (1)(j) of this section.

(o) Residential homes as defined in ORS 197.660 (Definitions), in existing dwellings.

(p) The propagation, cultivation, maintenance and harvesting of aquatic species that are not under the jurisdiction of the State Fish and Wildlife Commission or insect species. Insect species shall not include any species under quarantine by the State Department of Agriculture or the United States Department of Agriculture. The county shall provide notice of all applications under this paragraph to the State Department of Agriculture. Notice shall be provided in accordance with the county’s land use regulations but shall be mailed at least 20 calendar days prior to any administrative decision or initial public hearing on the application.

(q) Construction of additional passing and travel lanes requiring the acquisition of right of way but not resulting in the creation of new land parcels.

(r) Reconstruction or modification of public roads and highways involving the removal or displacement of buildings but not resulting in the creation of new land parcels.

(s) Improvement of public road and highway related facilities, such as maintenance yards, weigh stations and rest areas, where additional property or right of way is required but not resulting in the creation of new land parcels.

(t) A destination resort that is approved consistent with the requirements of any statewide planning goal relating to the siting of a destination resort.

(u) Room and board arrangements for a maximum of five unrelated persons in existing residences.

(v) Operations for the extraction and bottling of water.

(w) Expansion of existing county fairgrounds and activities directly relating to county fairgrounds governed by county fair boards established pursuant to ORS 565.210 (County fairs).

(x) A living history museum related to resource based activities owned and operated by a governmental agency or a local historical society, together with limited commercial activities and facilities that are directly related to the use and enjoyment of the museum and located within authentic buildings of the depicted historic period or the museum administration building, if areas other than an exclusive farm use zone cannot accommodate the museum and related activities or if the museum administration buildings and parking lot are located within one quarter mile of an urban growth boundary. As used in this paragraph:

(A) "Living history museum" means a facility designed to depict and interpret everyday life and culture of some specific historic period using authentic buildings, tools, equipment and people to simulate past activities and events; and

(B) "Local historical society" means the local historical society recognized by the county governing body and organized under ORS chapter 65.

(y) An aerial fireworks display business that has been in continuous operation at its current location within an exclusive farm use zone since December 31, 1986, and possesses a wholesaler’s permit to sell or provide fireworks.

(z) A landscape contracting business, as defined in ORS 671.520 (Definitions for ORS 671.510 to 671.760), or a business providing landscape architecture services, as described in ORS 671.318 (Businesses providing landscape architecture services), if the business is pursued in conjunction with the growing and marketing of nursery stock on the land that constitutes farm use.

(3) Roads, highways and other transportation facilities and improvements not allowed under subsections (1) and (2) of this section may be established, subject to the approval of the governing body or its designee, in areas zoned for exclusive farm use subject to:

(a) Adoption of an exception to the goal related to agricultural lands and to any other applicable goal with which the facility or improvement does not comply; or

(b) ORS 215.296 (Standards for approval of certain uses in exclusive farm use zones) for those uses identified by rule of the Land Conservation and Development Commission as provided in section 3, chapter 529, Oregon Laws 1993. [1983 c.826 §17; 1985 c.544 §3; 1985 c.583 §2; 1985 c.604 §4; 1985 c.717 §7; 1985 c.811 §7; 1987 c.227 §2; 1987 c.729 §5a; 1987 c.886 §10; 1989 c.224 §27; 1989 c.525 §2; 1989 c.564 §9; 1989 c.648 §61; 1989 c.739 §2; 1989 c.837 §27; 1989 c.861 §2; 1989 c.964 §11; 1991 c.459 §348; 1991 c.950 §1; 1993 c.466 §2; 1993 c.704 §3; 1993 c.792 §14; subsections (3) to (8) renumbered 215.284 (Dwelling not in conjunction with farm use) in 1993; 1995 c.528 §2; 1997 c.250 §2; 1997 c.276 §2; 1997 c.312 §2; 1997 c.318 §3; 1997 c.363 §2; 1997 c.862 §3; 1999 c.320 §1; 1999 c.608 §2; 1999 c.640 §2; 1999 c.756 §§14a,14b; 1999 c.758 §2; 1999 c.816 §2; 1999 c.935 §22; 2001 c.149 §§2,3; 2001 c.488 §§2,3; 2001 c.544 §§1,2; 2001 c.613 §§8,9; 2001 c.676 §§2,3; 2001 c.757 §§2,3; 2001 c.941 §§2,3; 2003 c.247 §3; 2005 c.22 §163; 2005 c.354 §4; 2005 c.609 §26; 2005 c.625 §76; 2005 c.693 §3; 2005 c.737 §1; 2007 c.71 §72; 2007 c.541 §2; 2007 c.739 §36]

Notes of Decisions

Accessory dwelling for farmer's relative whose assistance in managing farm was re­quired by farmer could be permitted if farmer remained significantly involved in farm opera­tions although relative assumed primary responsibility for managing farm. Hooper v. Clackamas County, 87 Or App 167, 741 P2d 921 (1987), Sup Ct review denied

Defendant's kennel opera­tions did not become nonconforming use until county enacted ordinance to prohibit kennel opera­tions in agricultural zone, and were permitted under earlier zoning ordinances because they come within defini­tion of farm use. Linn County v. Hickey, 98 Or App 100, 778 P2d 509 (1989)

Winery with tasting room and related retail ac­tivity constitutes commercial ac­tivity in conjunc­tion with farm use in form of vineyard. Craven v. Jackson County, 308 Or 281, 779 P2d 1011 (1989)

For purpose of determining whether accessory dwelling for farmer's relative is permissible, ques­tions of whether farm owner is farm operator and whether owner requires relative's assistance in con­ducting farm opera­tions are inseparable, and should not be treated as independent ques­tions. Kenagy v. Benton County, 112 Or App 17, 827 P2d 1047 (1992)

Farm owner's involve­ment with farming opera­tions on leased por­tions of prop­erty combined with owner's past, present and planned expanded uses on unleased part of prop­erty bring owner within this statute. Kenagy v. Benton County, 115 Or App 131, 838 P2d 1076 (1992), Sup Ct review denied

Proposed activities on farm prop­erty is basis for determining whether relative's assistance is re­quired. Kenagy v. Benton County, 115 Or App 131, 838 P2d 1076 (1992), Sup Ct review denied

Uses permitted condi­tionally under this sec­tion and ORS 215.213 (Uses permitted in exclusive farm use zones in counties that adopted marginal lands system prior to 1993) cannot be absolutely prohibited by ORS 215.243 (Agricultural land use policy), rather, when possible, effect must be given to both statutory pro­vi­sions. Clark v. Jackson County, 313 Or 508, 836 P2d 710 (1992)

Uses that "may be permitted" in exclusive farm use zone are uses as of right not subject to addi­tional local govern­ment restric­tion. Brentmar v. Jackson County, 321 Or 481, 900 P2d 1030 (1995)

Uses that may be es­tab­lished "subject to ORS 215.296 (Standards for approval of certain uses in exclusive farm use zones)" are allowable uses subject to approval of local governing body. Brentmar v. Jackson County, 321 Or 481, 900 P2d 1030 (1995)

Where language describing use permitted as of right employs inexact or delegative terms to describe limita­tions, agency may interpret limits by rule. Nichols v. Clackamas County, 146 Or App 25, 932 P2d 1185 (1997), Sup Ct review denied

Administrative rules governing high-value farmland are not subordinate to statutes governing permissive uses for exclusive farm use zones in nonmarginal land counties. Marquam Farms Corp. v. Multnomah County, 147 Or App 368, 936 P2d 990 (1997)

Buildings es­tab­lished for listed permitted uses are subject to restric­tions and require­ments of general applica­tion. Josephine County v. Garnier, 163 Or App 333, 987 P2d 1263 (1999)

Require­ment that utility facility be "necessary" for pro­vi­sion of service refers only to need to site facility in exclusive farm use zone instead of nonfarmland site, not to selec­tion of facility as means of providing service. Dayton Prairie Water Associa­tion v. Yamhill County, 170 Or App 6, 11 P3d 671 (2000)

Separate showing of compliance with, or excep­tion to, state land use planning goal dealing with urbaniza­tion is not re­quired in order to allow uses in exclusive farm use zone that are urban in nature but of kinds specifically allowed by statute. Jackson County Citizens' League v. Jackson County, 171 Or App 149, 15 P3d 42 (2000)

"Public or private school" is restrictive term that does not include broad range of places of learning. Warburton v. Harney County, 174 Or App 322, 25 P3d 978 (2001), Sup Ct review denied

"Utility facility" does not include project or site where critical func­tion or func­tions of utility service are accomplished only by naturally occurring processes. Cox v. Polk County, 174 Or App 332, 25 P3d 970 (2001), Sup Ct review denied

Fire service facility has purpose of "providing rural fire protec­tion services" if predominant area served by facility is rural. Keicher v. Clackamas County, 175 Or App 633, 29 P3d 1155 (2001)

Provision of emergency medical services and training is within statutory authoriza­tion for facilities providing rural fire protec­tion services. Keicher v. Clackamas County, 175 Or App 633, 29 P3d 1155 (2001)

"Subsurface of public roads and high­ways" includes entire right-of-way within which thoroughfare has been constructed, not merely hard surface on which traffic travels. Friends of Parrett Mountain v. Northwest Natural Gas Co., 336 Or 93, 79 P3d 869 (2003)

Atty. Gen. Opinions

Effect of constitu­tional pro­vi­sion requiring pay­ments based on govern­ment regula­tions restricting use of prop­erty, (2001) Vol 49, p 284

Law Review Cita­tions

19 EL 63 (1988); 26 WLR 398 (1990); 34 WLR 81 (1998); 77 OLR 993 (1998); 36 WLR 441 (2000); 36 EL 25 (2006)

Atty. Gen. Opinions

Effect of constitu­tional pro­vi­sion requiring pay­ments based on govern­ment regula­tions restricting use of prop­erty, (2001) Vol 49, p 284

Chapter 215

Notes of Decisions

Published notice is adequate if prop­erty owners can reasonably ascertain that prop­erty in which they hold interest may be affected. Clackamas County v. Emmert, 14 Or App 493, 513 P2d 532 (1973), Sup Ct review denied

Statutory scheme es­tab­lishing LCDC and granting it authority to es­tab­lish state-wide land use planning goals does not unconstitu­tionally delegate legislative power where both standards (under this chapter) and safeguards (ORS 197.310) exist. Meyer v. Lord, 37 Or App 59, 586 P2d 367 (1978)

Where county had not yet adopted comprehensive plan but had zoned certain por­tions "primarily agricultural," county had not enacted adequate interim measures to protect its agricultural land until exclusive farm use zoning was completed. Columbia County v. LCDC, 44 Or App 749, 606 P2d 1184 (1980)

Atty. Gen. Opinions

Fasano v. Bd. of County Commrs., applica­tion to county governing bodies and planning com­mis­sions, (1974) Vol 36, p 960; binding effect on govern­mental agencies of the adop­tion of interim Willamette River Greenway boundaries, (1975) Vol 37, p 894

Law Review Cita­tions

36 EL 25 (2006)

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 215—County Planning; Zoning; Housing Codes, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­215.­html (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
 
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2007, Chapter 215, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­215ano.­htm (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.