2007 ORS 132.430¹
Finding against indictment
  • indorsement "not a true bill"

(1) When a person has been held to answer a criminal charge and the indictment in relation thereto is not found "a true bill," it must be indorsed "not a true bill," which indorsement must be signed by the foreman and filed with the clerk of the court, in whose office it shall remain a public record. In the case of an indictment not found "a true bill" against a person not so held, the same, together with the minutes of the evidence in relation thereto, must be destroyed by the grand jury.

(2) When an indictment indorsed "not a true bill" has been filed with the clerk of the court, the effect thereof is to dismiss the charge; and the same cannot be again submitted to or inquired of by the grand jury unless the court so orders. [Amended by 1973 c.836 §54]

Notes of Decisions

When a grand jury indicts for a certain crime based upon a certain set of facts it does not automatically render a "not true bill" on any greater of­fense under which the defendant might have been indicted. State v. Rankin, 21 Or App 721, 536 P2d 538 (1975)

Where first grand jury returned two rape indict­ments and did not act on other alleged rapes, and sec­ond grand jury indicted defendant on nine other charges, dismissal of indict­ments was not re­quired by this sec­tion because defendant had not been taken into custody or otherwise "held to answer" on any charge prior to sec­ond grand jury. State v. Harwood, 45 Or App 931, 609 P2d 1312 (1980), Sup Ct review denied

This sec­tion does not control the right of district attorney to file misdemeanor complaint in district court based on same incident as that giving rise to felony charge from which "not true bill" was returned. State v. Gonzales, 56 Or App 17, 641 P2d 42 (1982), Sup Ct review denied

Chapter 132

Notes of Decisions

A circuit court has no authority to order the wholesale recorda­tion and preserva­tion of grand jury testimony under either statutory or common law. State ex rel Johnson v. Roth, 276 Or 883, 557 P2d 230 (1976)

Where defendant was found in contempt for failure to comply with grand jury sub­poe­na, circuit court had no authority to examine grand jury testimony or discuss its content for the sole purpose of determining the sen­tence to impose. State v. Applegate, 41 Or App 287, 597 P2d 1290 (1979), Sup Ct review denied


1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 132—Grand Jury, Indictments and Other Accusatory Instruments, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­132.­html (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
 
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2007, Chapter 132, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­132ano.­htm (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.