ORS 109.704¹
Definitions for ORS 109.701 to 109.834

As used in ORS 109.701 (Short title) to 109.834 (Severability clause):

(1) "Abandoned" means left without provision for reasonable and necessary care or supervision.

(2) "Child" means an individual who has not attained 18 years of age.

(3) "Child custody determination" means a judgment or other order of a court providing for the legal custody, physical custody, parenting time or visitation with respect to a child. "Child custody determination" includes a permanent, temporary, initial and modification order. "Child custody determination" does not include an order relating to child support or other monetary obligation of an individual.

(4) "Child custody proceeding" means a proceeding in which legal custody, physical custody, parenting time or visitation with respect to a child is an issue. "Child custody proceeding" includes a proceeding for divorce, separation, neglect, abuse, dependency, guardianship, paternity, termination of parental rights and protection from domestic violence in which the issue may appear. "Child custody proceeding" does not include a proceeding involving juvenile delinquency, contractual emancipation or enforcement under ORS 109.774 (Definitions for ORS 109.774 to 109.827) to 109.827 (Costs and expenses of district attorney and law enforcement officers).

(5) "Commencement" means the filing of the first pleading in a proceeding.

(6) "Court" means an entity authorized under the law of a state to establish, enforce or modify a child custody determination.

(7) "Home state" means the state in which a child lived with a parent or a person acting as a parent for at least six consecutive months immediately before the commencement of a child custody proceeding. In the case of a child less than six months of age, "home state" means the state in which the child lived from birth with any of the persons mentioned. Any temporary absence of any of the mentioned persons is part of the period.

(8) "Initial determination" means the first child custody determination concerning a particular child.

(9) "Issuing court" means the court that makes a child custody determination for which enforcement is sought under ORS 109.701 (Short title) to 109.834 (Severability clause).

(10) "Issuing state" means the state in which a child custody determination is made.

(11) "Modification" means a child custody determination that changes, replaces, supersedes or is otherwise made after a previous determination concerning the same child, whether or not it is made by the court that made the previous determination.

(12) "Person" means an individual, corporation, public corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government or a governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity.

(13) "Person acting as a parent" means a person, other than a parent, who:

(a) Has physical custody of the child or has had physical custody for a period of six consecutive months, including any temporary absence, within one year immediately before the commencement of a child custody proceeding; and

(b) Has been awarded legal custody by a court or claims a right to legal custody under the law of this state.

(14) "Physical custody" means the physical care and supervision of a child.

(15) "State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.

(16) "Tribe" means an Indian tribe or band, or Alaskan Native village, that is recognized by federal law or formally acknowledged by a state.

(17) "Warrant" means an order issued by a court authorizing law enforcement officers to take physical custody of a child. [1999 c.649 §2; 2003 c.576 §159]

Note: See note under 109.701 (Short title).

Law Review Cita­tions

80 OLR 301 (2001)

Note

Subject sec­tions all sub­se­quently repealed

Notes of Decisions

Habeas corpus is permissible pro­ce­dure to enforce custody decrees in conjunc­tion with these sec­tions. State ex rel Butler v. Morgan, 34 Or App 393, 578 P2d 814 (1978)

Long-term abduc­tion of child can result in jurisdic­tion vesting in state where child is located. Grubs v. Ross, 291 Or 263, 630 P2d 353 (1981)

In abduc­tion cases, jurisdic­tion of decree state continues for reasonable period of time following abduc­tion. Grubs v. Ross, 291 Or 263, 630 P2d 353 (1981)

Where Oregon court rendered original decree and had continuing jurisdic­tion, court was not re­quired to defer to court of an­oth­er state where modifica­tion was already pending. Fenn and Fenn, 63 Or App 506, 664 P2d 1143 (1983)

Uniform Child Custody Jurisdic­tion Act did not apply to paternity ac­tion, because ac­tion was not "custody determina­tion" for purposes of UCCJA. State ex rel Baldwin v. Hale, 86 Or App 361, 738 P2d 1016 (1987)

Filing of peti­tion under Revised Uniform Reciprocal Enforce­ment of Support Act that included request for determina­tion of custody and visita­tion could not confer jurisdic­tion by con­sent where Uniform Child Custody Jurisdic­tion Act jurisdic­tional require­ments were not met. State ex rel State of Washington v. Bue, 117 Or App 477, 844 P2d 278 (1992)

Uniform Child Custody Jurisdic­tion Act applies to adop­tion pro­ceed­ings. State ex rel Torres v. Mason, 315 Or 386, 848 P2d 592 (1993)

Where supple­mental pleading alleges con­duct that could not have been alleged in initial peti­tion, other than new jurisdic­tional basis, jurisdic­tion is measured from time filing of supple­mental pleading commences ac­tion. Stubbs v. Weathersby, 320 Or 620, 892 P2d 991 (1995)

Except in unusual circumstances, Oregon law applies to issues arising out of adop­tion peti­tion properly filed in Oregon, including ques­tions of con­sent signed in an­oth­er state. Stubbs v. Weathersby, 320 Or 620, 892 P2d 991 (1995)

Federal Parental Kidnaping Preven­tion Act preempts state law with regard to modifica­tion of foreign state decrees. Henry and Keppel, 326 Or 166, 951 P2d 135 (1997)

Law Review Cita­tions

12 WLJ 629-641 (1976)

Chapter 109

Law Review Cita­tions

12 WLJ 569-589 (1976)

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 109—Parent and Child Rights and Relationships, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­109.­html (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
 
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2007, Chapter 109, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­109ano.­htm (2007) (last ac­cessed Feb. 12, 2009).
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent. Currency Information