ORS 196.870¹
Abatement proceedings
  • restraining order
  • injunction
  • public compensation

(1) In addition to any enforcement action taken under ORS 196.860 (Enforcement powers of director), civil proceedings to abate alleged public nuisances under ORS 196.855 (Noncomplying removal of material or filling as public nuisance) may be instituted at law or in equity, in the name of the State of Oregon, upon relation of the Director of the Department of State Lands or by any person in the person’s name.

(2) Before beginning any action under subsection (1) of this section, a person other than the director shall provide 60 days notice to the director of the intended action. A person other than the director may not begin an action under subsection (1) of this section if the director has commenced and is diligently prosecuting civil, criminal or administrative proceedings in the same matter.

(3) The director may institute an action in the name of the State of Oregon for a temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction if a threatened or existing nuisance under ORS 196.855 (Noncomplying removal of material or filling as public nuisance) creates an emergency that requires immediate action to protect the public health, safety or welfare. The director shall not be required to furnish a bond in such proceeding.

(4) The State Land Board, the Director of the Department of State Lands and the employees or duly authorized representatives of the Department of State Lands shall not be liable for any damages a defendant may sustain as a result of an injunction, restraining order or abatement order issued under this section.

(5) A case filed under this section shall be given preference on the docket over all other civil cases except those given an equal preference by statute.

(6) In any action brought under this section, the plaintiff may seek and the court may award a sum of money sufficient to compensate the public for any destruction or infringement of any public right of navigation, fishery or recreation resulting from an existing public nuisance under ORS 196.855 (Noncomplying removal of material or filling as public nuisance). Any money received by the plaintiff under this subsection shall be deposited in the Common School Fund. [Formerly 541.660 and then 196.735]

(formerly 541.605 to 541.695)

Notes of Decisions

These sec­tions, regulating landfills, are codifica­tion of common law public trust doctrine that public use of lands underlying navigable wa­ters may not be substantially modified except for wa­ter-related purposes. Morse v. Division of State Lands, 34 Or App 853, 581 P2d 520 (1978), aff’d 285 Or 197, 590 P2d 79 (1979)

Atty. Gen. Opinions

Right of private owner and ports to fill tidelands as subject to public rights, (1971) Vol 35, p 844; state’s authority to prevent or control removal by dredging of a privately owned island in a navigable river, (1972) Vol 36, p 285; authority of the legislature to extinguish public rights in navigable wa­ters and to charge a fee therefor, (1973) Vol 36, p 348; authority to issue permit for removal of ocean shore natural products from state recrea­tion areas, (1974) Vol 36, p 807; authority to pay for Removal and Fill Permit Program ad­min­is­tra­­tion out of Common School Fund, (1980) Vol 40, p 190

Law Review Cita­tions

4 EL 351-355 (1974); 10 EL 675 (1980); 61 OLR 523 (1982); 19 EL 637 (1989); 21 EL 152 (1991)

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 196—Columbia River Gorge; Ocean Resource Planning; Wetlands; Removal and Fill, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ors196.­html (2019) (last ac­cessed May 16, 2020).
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2019, Chapter 196, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ano196.­html (2019) (last ac­cessed May 16, 2020).
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent. Currency Information