2015 ORS 161.566¹
Misdemeanor treated as violation
  • prosecuting attorneys election

(1) Except as provided in subsection (4) of this section, a prosecuting attorney may elect to treat any misdemeanor as a Class A violation. The election must be made by the prosecuting attorney orally at the time of the first appearance of the defendant or in writing filed on or before the time scheduled for the first appearance of the defendant. If no election is made within the time allowed, the case shall proceed as a misdemeanor.

(2) If a prosecuting attorney elects to treat a misdemeanor as a Class A violation under this section, the court shall amend the accusatory instrument to reflect the charged offense as a Class A violation and clearly denominate the offense as a Class A violation in any judgment entered in the matter. Notwithstanding ORS 153.021 (Minimum fines), the fine that a court may impose upon conviction of a violation under this section may not:

(a) Be less than the presumptive fine established by ORS 153.019 (Presumptive fines) for a Class A violation; or

(b) Exceed the maximum fine established by ORS 153.018 (Maximum fines) for a Class A violation.

(3) If a prosecuting attorney elects to treat a misdemeanor as a Class A violation under this section, and the defendant fails to make any required appearance in the matter, the court may enter a default judgment against the defendant in the manner provided by ORS 153.102 (Entry). Notwithstanding ORS 153.021 (Minimum fines), the fine that the court may impose under a default judgment entered pursuant to ORS 153.102 (Entry) may not:

(a) Be less than the presumptive fine established by ORS 153.019 (Presumptive fines) for a Class A violation; or

(b) Exceed the maximum fine established by ORS 153.018 (Maximum fines) for a Class A violation.

(4) A prosecuting attorney may not elect to treat misdemeanors created under ORS 811.540 (Fleeing or attempting to elude police officer) or 813.010 (Driving under the influence of intoxicants) as violations under the provisions of this section.

(5) The election provided for in this section may be made by a city attorney acting as prosecuting attorney in the case of municipal ordinance offenses, a county counsel acting as prosecuting attorney under a county charter in the case of county ordinance offenses, and the Attorney General acting as prosecuting attorney in those criminal actions or proceedings within the jurisdiction of the Attorney General. [1999 c.1051 §47; 2003 c.737 §89; 2011 c.597 §16; 2012 c.82 §2]

Notes of Decisions

Where prosecuting attorney elects to treat misdemeanor as Class A viola­tion, subject to constitu­tional constraints, of­fense is viola­tion for purposes of applying ORS 153.108 (Effect of judgment) to sub­se­quent pros­e­cu­­tion of defendant for crime that was part of same crim­i­nal episode. State v. Page, 200 Or App 55, 113 P3d 447 (2005), Sup Ct review denied; State v. Hewitt, 206 Or App 680, 138 P3d 873 (2006)

Law Review Cita­tions

51 OLR 433 (1972)

Chapter 161

Notes of Decisions

A juvenile court adjudica­tion of whether or not a child committed acts which would be a crim­i­nal viola­tion if committed by an adult must necessarily include an adjudica­tion of all af­firm­a­tive de­fenses that would be available to an adult being tried for the same crim­i­nal viola­tion. State ex rel Juvenile Dept. v. L.J., 26 Or App 461, 552 P2d 1322 (1976)

Law Review Cita­tions

2 EL 237 (1971); 51 OLR 427-637 (1972)

Chapter 161

Criminal Code

(Generally)

Notes of Decisions

Legislatures adop­tion of 1971 Criminal Code did not abolish doctrine of transferred intent. State v. Wesley, 254 Or App 697, 295 P3d 1147 (2013), Sup Ct review denied


1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 161—General Provisions, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ors161.­html (2015) (last ac­cessed Jul. 16, 2016).
 
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2015, Chapter 161, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ano161.­html (2015) (last ac­cessed Jul. 16, 2016).
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.