Appearance by defendant
(1) Except as provided in subsection (2) of this section, a defendant who has been issued a violation citation must either:
(a) Make a first appearance by personally appearing in court at the time indicated in the summons; or
(b) Make a first appearance in the manner provided in subsection (3) of this section before the time indicated in the summons.
(2) If a defendant is issued a violation citation for careless driving under ORS 811.135 (Careless driving) on which a police officer noted that the offense contributed to an accident and that the cited offense appears to have contributed to the serious physical injury or death of a vulnerable user of a public way, the officer may not enter the amount of the presumptive fine on the summons and the defendant must make a first appearance by personally appearing in court at the time indicated in the summons.
(3) Except as provided in this section, a defendant who has been issued a violation citation may make a first appearance in the matter before the time indicated in the summons by one of the following means:
(a) The defendant may submit to the court a written or oral request for a trial.
(b) The defendant may enter a plea of no contest by delivering to the court the summons and a check or money order in the amount of the presumptive fine set forth in the summons. The entry of a plea under the provisions of this paragraph constitutes a waiver of trial and consent to the entry of a judgment forfeiting the presumptive fine. A no contest plea under this section is not subject to the requirements of ORS chapter 135 relating to the entry of pleas and, upon receipt of the plea, the court may enter judgment against the defendant without taking further evidence.
(4) The court may require that a defendant requesting a trial under subsection (3) of this section deposit an amount equal to the presumptive fine established under ORS 153.019 (Presumptive fines) and 153.020 (Presumptive fines) or such other amount as the court determines appropriate if the defendant has failed to appear in any court on one or more other charges in the past. If the defendant does not deposit the amount specified by the court, the defendant must personally appear in court at the time indicated in the summons. The amount deposited by the defendant may be applied against any fine imposed by the court, and any amount not so applied shall be refunded to the defendant at the conclusion of the proceedings.
(5) The court may require a defendant to appear personally in any case, or may require that all defendants appear in specified categories of cases.
(6) If a defendant has entered a no contest plea in the manner provided in subsection (3) of this section, and the court determines that the presumptive fine is not adequate by reason of previous convictions of the defendant, the nature of the offense charged or other circumstances, the court may require that a trial be held unless an additional fine amount is paid by the defendant before a specified date. Notice of an additional fine amount under this subsection may be given to the defendant by mail. In no event may the court require a total fine amount in excess of the maximum fine established for the violation by statute.
(7) If a defendant fails to make a first appearance on a citation for a traffic violation, as defined by ORS 801.557 (“Traffic violation”), fails to make a first appearance on a citation for a violation of ORS 471.430 (Purchase or possession of alcoholic beverages by person under 21), or fails to appear at any other subsequent time set for trial or other appearance, the driving privileges of the defendant are subject to suspension under ORS 809.220 (Failure to appear). [1999 c.1051 §17; 2001 c.817 §2; 2007 c.784 §5; 2011 c.597 §§25,313; 2012 c.89 §4]
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