2015 ORS 137.707¹
Adult prosecution of 15-, 16- or 17-year-old offenders
  • mandatory minimum sentences
  • lesser included offenses
  • transfer to juvenile court

(1)(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, when a person charged with aggravated murder, as defined in ORS 163.095 ("Aggravated murder" defined), or an offense listed in subsection (4)(a) of this section is 15, 16 or 17 years of age at the time the offense is committed, and the offense is committed on or after April 1, 1995, or when a person charged with an offense listed in subsection (4)(b) of this section is 15, 16 or 17 years of age at the time the offense is committed, and the offense is committed on or after October 4, 1997, or when a person charged with the offense described in subsection (4)(c) of this section is 15, 16 or 17 years of age at the time the offense is committed and the offense is committed on or after January 1, 2008, the person shall be prosecuted as an adult in criminal court.

(b) A district attorney, the Attorney General or a juvenile department counselor may not file in juvenile court a petition alleging that a person has committed an act that, if committed by an adult, would constitute aggravated murder or an offense listed in subsection (4) of this section if the person was 15, 16 or 17 years of age at the time the act was committed.

(2) When a person charged under this section is convicted of an offense listed in subsection (4) of this section, the court shall impose at least the presumptive term of imprisonment provided for the offense in subsection (4) of this section. The court may impose a greater presumptive term if otherwise permitted by law, but may not impose a lesser term. The person is not, during the service of the term of imprisonment, eligible for release on post-prison supervision or any form of temporary leave from custody. The person is not eligible for any reduction in, or based on, the minimum sentence for any reason under ORS 421.121 (Reduction in term of incarceration) or any other provision of law. ORS 138.012 (Sentence of death), 163.105 (Sentencing options for aggravated murder) and 163.150 (Sentencing for aggravated murder) apply to sentencing a person prosecuted under this section and convicted of aggravated murder under ORS 163.095 ("Aggravated murder" defined) except that a person who was under 18 years of age at the time the offense was committed is not subject to a sentence of death.

(3) The court shall commit the person to the legal and physical custody of the Department of Corrections.

(4) The offenses to which this section applies and the presumptive sentences are:

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(a)(A) Murder, as defined in

ORS 163.115 (Murder)............................... 300 months

(B) Attempt or conspiracy

to commit aggravated

murder, as defined

in ORS 163.095 ("Aggravated murder" defined)........................... 120 months

(C) Attempt or conspiracy

to commit murder, as

defined in ORS 163.115 (Murder).............. 90 months

(D) Manslaughter in the

first degree, as defined

in ORS 163.118 (Manslaughter in the first degree)........................... 120 months

(E) Manslaughter in the

second degree, as defined

in ORS 163.125 (Manslaughter in the second degree)........................... 75 months

(F) Assault in the first

degree, as defined

in ORS 163.185 (Assault in the first degree)........................... 90 months

(G) Assault in the second

degree, as defined

in ORS 163.175 (Assault in the second degree)........................... 70 months

(H) Kidnapping in the first

degree, as defined in

ORS 163.235 (Kidnapping in the first degree)............................... 90 months

(I) Kidnapping in the second

degree, as defined in

ORS 163.225 (Kidnapping in the second degree)............................... 70 months

(J) Rape in the first degree,

as defined in ORS 163.375 (Rape in the first degree)......... 100 months

(K) Rape in the second

degree, as defined in

ORS 163.365 (Rape in the second degree)............................... 75 months

(L) Sodomy in the first

degree, as defined in

ORS 163.405 (Sodomy in the first degree)............................... 100 months

(M) Sodomy in the second

degree, as defined in

ORS 163.395 (Sodomy in the second degree)............................... 75 months

(N) Unlawful sexual

penetration in the first

degree, as defined

in ORS 163.411 (Unlawful sexual penetration in the first degree)........................... 100 months

(O) Unlawful sexual

penetration in the

second degree, as

defined in ORS 163.408 (Unlawful sexual penetration in the second degree).............. 75 months

(P) Sexual abuse in the first

degree, as defined in

ORS 163.427 (Sexual abuse in the first degree)............................... 75 months

(Q) Robbery in the first

degree, as defined in

ORS 164.415 (Robbery in the first degree)............................... 90 months

(R) Robbery in the second

degree, as defined in

ORS 164.405 (Robbery in the second degree)............................... 70 months

(b)(A) Arson in the first degree,

as defined in

ORS 164.325 (Arson in the first degree), when

the offense represented

a threat of serious

physical injury.............................. 90 months

(B) Using a child in a display

of sexually explicit

conduct, as defined in

ORS 163.670 (Using child in display of sexually explicit conduct)............................... 70 months

(C) Compelling prostitution,

as defined in ORS 167.017 (Compelling prostitution)

(1)(a), (b) or (d)............................ 70 months

(c)................................................. Aggravated vehicular

homicide, as defined in

ORS 163.149 (Aggravated vehicular homicide)............................... 240 months

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(5) If a person charged with an offense under this section is found guilty of a lesser included offense and the lesser included offense is:

(a) An offense listed in subsection (4) of this section, the court shall sentence the person as provided in subsection (2) of this section.

(b) Not an offense listed in subsection (4) of this section:

(A) But constitutes an offense for which waiver is authorized under ORS 419C.349 (Grounds for waiving youth to adult court), the court, upon motion of the district attorney, shall hold a hearing to determine whether to retain jurisdiction or to transfer the case to juvenile court for disposition. In determining whether to retain jurisdiction, the court shall consider the criteria for waiver in ORS 419C.349 (Grounds for waiving youth to adult court). If the court retains jurisdiction, the court shall sentence the person as an adult under sentencing guidelines. If the court does not retain jurisdiction, the court shall:

(i) Order that a presentence report be prepared;

(ii) Set forth in a memorandum any observations and recommendations that the court deems appropriate; and

(iii) Enter an order transferring the case to the juvenile court for disposition under ORS 419C.067 (Case transferred to juvenile court after verdict in criminal court) and 419C.411 (Disposition order).

(B) And is not an offense for which waiver is authorized under ORS 419C.349 (Grounds for waiving youth to adult court), the court may not sentence the person. The court shall:

(i) Order that a presentence report be prepared;

(ii) Set forth in a memorandum any observations and recommendations that the court deems appropriate; and

(iii) Enter an order transferring the case to the juvenile court for disposition under ORS 419C.067 (Case transferred to juvenile court after verdict in criminal court) and 419C.411 (Disposition order).

(6) When a person is charged under this section, other offenses based on the same act or transaction shall be charged as separate counts in the same accusatory instrument and consolidated for trial, whether or not the other offenses are aggravated murder or offenses listed in subsection (4) of this section. If it appears, upon motion, that the state or the person charged is prejudiced by the joinder and consolidation of offenses, the court may order an election or separate trials of counts or provide whatever other relief justice requires.

(7)(a) If a person charged and tried as provided in subsection (6) of this section is found guilty of aggravated murder or an offense listed in subsection (4) of this section and one or more other offenses, the court shall impose the sentence for aggravated murder or the offense listed in subsection (4) of this section as provided in subsection (2) of this section and shall impose sentences for the other offenses as otherwise provided by law.

(b) If a person charged and tried as provided in subsection (6) of this section is not found guilty of aggravated murder or an offense listed in subsection (4) of this section, but is found guilty of one of the other charges that constitutes an offense for which waiver is authorized under ORS 419C.349 (Grounds for waiving youth to adult court), the court, upon motion of the district attorney, shall hold a hearing to determine whether to retain jurisdiction or to transfer the case to juvenile court for disposition. In determining whether to retain jurisdiction, the court shall consider the criteria for waiver in ORS 419C.349 (Grounds for waiving youth to adult court). If the court retains jurisdiction, the court shall sentence the person as an adult under sentencing guidelines. If the court does not retain jurisdiction, the court shall:

(A) Order that a presentence report be prepared;

(B) Set forth in a memorandum any observations and recommendations that the court deems appropriate; and

(C) Enter an order transferring the case to the juvenile court for disposition under ORS 419C.067 (Case transferred to juvenile court after verdict in criminal court) and 419C.411 (Disposition order). [1995 c.422 §49; 1995 c.421 §4; 1997 c.852 §3; 1999 c.1055 §12; 2007 c.867 §6; 2011 c.334 §2]

Note: See second note under 137.700 (Offenses requiring imposition of mandatory minimum sentences).

Notes of Decisions

Mandatory min­i­mum sen­tence of 75 months for sexual abuse committed by mi­nor with no pre­vi­ous record was not unconstitu­tionally dispropor­tionate punish­ment. State v. Rhodes, 149 Or App 118, 941 P2d 1072 (1997), Sup Ct review denied

Where defendant over age 18 is tried for of­fense committed while juvenile, con­vic­­tion on lesser included of­fense does not result in transfer of matter to juvenile court for disposi­tion. State v. Pike, 177 Or App 151, 33 P3d 374 (2001), Sup Ct review denied

For purposes of calculating age of per­son at time of of­fense, per­son is considered to have attained higher age at midnight commencing per­son's birthday. Coley v. Morrow, 183 Or App 426, 52 P3d 1090 (2002), Sup Ct review denied

Law Review Cita­tions

82 OLR 1 (2003); 52 WLR 61 (2015)

Notes of Decisions

Mandatory sen­tences for violent crimes do not violate Oregon Constitu­tion Article III, sec­tion 1 (separa­tion of powers); pre-1996 version of Article I, sec­tion 15 (no vindictive justice); or Article I, sec­tion 16 (cruel and unusual punish­ment). State ex rel Caleb v. Beesley, 326 Or 83, 949 P2d 724 (1997)

Sentencing disparity between crimes bearing mandatory min­i­mum sen­tence and other crimes in same block of sen­ten­cing guide­lines grid does not violate propor­tionality require­ment of sec­tion 16, Article I of Oregon Constitu­tion. State v. Ferman-Velasco, 333 Or 422, 41 P3d 404 (2002)

Mandatory min­i­mum sen­ten­cing scheme does not violate guarantee under United States Constitu­tion concerning cruel and unusual punish­ment, right to allocu­tion or right to counsel. State v. Ferman-Velasco, 333 Or 422, 41 P3d 404 (2002)


1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 137—Judgment and Execution; Parole and Probation by the Court, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ors137.­html (2015) (last ac­cessed Jul. 16, 2016).
 
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2015, Chapter 137, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ano137.­html (2015) (last ac­cessed Jul. 16, 2016).
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.