2015 ORS 131.588¹
Judgment of forfeiture
  • contents
  • effect

(1) If no financial institution has filed the affidavit described in ORS 131.579 (Affidavit in response to notice of seizure for forfeiture) (1), and if the court has failed to uphold the claim or affidavit of any other person claiming an interest in the property, the effect of the judgment is that:

(a) Title to the property passes to the seizing agency free of any interest or encumbrance thereon in favor of any person who has been given notice;

(b) The seizing agency may transfer good and sufficient title to any subsequent purchaser or transferee, and all courts, the state and the departments and agencies of this state, and any political subdivision shall recognize the title. In the case of real property, the seizing agency shall warrant the title against constitutional defect. A warranty under this paragraph is limited to the purchase price of the real property; and

(c) Any department, agency or officer of this state or any political subdivision whose official functions include the issuance of certificates or other evidence of title is immune from civil or criminal liability when such issuance is pursuant to a judgment of criminal forfeiture.

(2) If an affidavit is filed by a financial institution under ORS 131.579 (Affidavit in response to notice of seizure for forfeiture) (1), or if a person files an affidavit under ORS 131.579 (Affidavit in response to notice of seizure for forfeiture) (2):

(a) The court shall foreclose all security interests, liens and vendor’s interests of financial institutions and claimants as to which the court determines that there is a legal or equitable basis for foreclosure; and

(b) All other interests applicable to the property that are not foreclosed or otherwise eliminated through a judgment of foreclosure, if and to the extent that they are valid and subsisting, remain in effect and the property remains subject to them upon completion of the criminal forfeiture proceeding.

(3) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a financial institution or other person has filed an affidavit described in ORS 131.579 (Affidavit in response to notice of seizure for forfeiture), or if the court has upheld the claim of any claimant, then as to each item of property seized:

(a) If the court has determined that the property should not be forfeited and has not foreclosed the security interests, liens or other interests covering the property, the court shall render judgment in favor of the owner of the property, the property must be returned to the owner and all security interests, liens and other interests applicable to the property remain in effect as though the property had never been seized. If the property is a motor vehicle with a hidden compartment, the seizing agency is not liable for any diminution in the value of the property as a result of disabling the compartment. Upon the return of the property to the owner, the seizing agency shall pay all costs and expenses relating to towing and storage of the property and shall cause to be discharged any possessory chattel liens on the property arising under ORS 87.152 (Possessory lien for labor or material expended on chattel) to 87.162 (Landlord's lien) that have attached to the property since the seizure.

(b) If the court has determined that the property should not be forfeited and has foreclosed one or more interests covering the property, including security interests or liens covering the property or contracts for the transfer or conveyance of the property, the seizing agency shall pay all costs and expenses relating to towing and storage of the property and shall cause to be discharged any possessory chattel liens on the property arising under ORS 87.152 (Possessory lien for labor or material expended on chattel) to 87.162 (Landlord's lien) that have attached to the property since the seizure, and the court shall order the property sold pursuant to a sheriff’s sale or other sale authorized by the court within such time as may be prescribed by the court following entry of the judgment. If any interests covering the property have not been foreclosed, including any liens or security interests of a claimant whose claim has been upheld, or of a financial institution that has filed the affidavit described in ORS 131.579 (Affidavit in response to notice of seizure for forfeiture), the property must be sold subject to those interests. The judgment shall order the proceeds of the sale applied in the following order:

(A) To the payment of the costs of the sale;

(B) If the property is a motor vehicle with a hidden compartment, to reimburse the seizing agency for the cost of disabling the hidden compartment;

(C) To the satisfaction of the foreclosed liens, security interests and contracts in order of their priority; and

(D) The excess, if any, to the owner of the property.

(c) If the court has determined that the property should be forfeited and has foreclosed one or more security interests, liens, contracts or other interests covering the property, the seizing agency shall pay all costs and expenses relating to towing and storage of the property and shall cause to be discharged any possessory chattel liens on the property arising under ORS 87.152 (Possessory lien for labor or material expended on chattel) to 87.162 (Landlord's lien) that have attached to the property since the seizure, and the court shall order the property sold pursuant to a sheriff’s sale or other sale authorized by the court. If any interest in the property was claimed by a financial institution or other claimant and the interest was upheld but not foreclosed, the property must be sold subject to the interest. The sale of the property must be held within such time as may be prescribed by the court following entry of the judgment. The judgment shall also order the proceeds of such sale applied in the following order:

(A) To the payment of the costs of the sale;

(B) If the property is a motor vehicle with a hidden compartment, to reimburse the seizing agency for the cost of disabling the hidden compartment;

(C) To the satisfaction of the foreclosed liens, security interests and contracts in the order of their priority; and

(D) The excess, if any, to the seizing agency to be disposed of as provided in ORS 131.594 (Disposition and distribution of forfeited property when seizing agency not the state) or 131.597 (Disposition and distribution of forfeited property when seizing agency is the state).

(d) If the court has determined that the property should be forfeited and has not foreclosed the interests of any party in the property, the seizing agency shall pay all costs and expenses relating to towing and storage of the property and shall cause to be discharged any possessory chattel liens on the property arising under ORS 87.152 (Possessory lien for labor or material expended on chattel) to 87.162 (Landlord's lien) that have attached to the property since the seizure. The court shall enter a judgment awarding the property to the seizing agency, subject to the interests of any claimants whose claims or affidavits were upheld by the court, and subject to the interests of any financial institutions that filed affidavits under ORS 131.579 (Affidavit in response to notice of seizure for forfeiture) (1), that remain in full force and effect. If the property is a motor vehicle with a hidden compartment, the interests of any claimants or financial institutions shall be reduced on a pro rata basis by the cost of disabling the hidden compartment.

(4) Upon motion of the state, the court may include in the judgment of criminal forfeiture an order that directs the seizing agency to distribute to the victim of the crime of conviction a portion of any proceeds from property received by the seizing agency if the court included an order of restitution in the criminal judgment.

(5) The seizing agency is not liable to any person as a consequence of obedience to a judgment directing conveyance to a financial institution.

(6)(a) On entry of judgment for a claimant in any proceeding to forfeit property under ORS 131.550 (Definitions for ORS 131.550 to 131.600) to 131.600 (Record keeping and reporting requirements), unless the court has foreclosed one or more security interests, liens or other interests covering the property, the property or interest in property must be returned or conveyed immediately to the claimant designated by the court.

(b) If it appears that there was reasonable suspicion that the property was subject to criminal forfeiture, the court shall cause a finding to be entered and no claimant or financial institution is entitled to damages nor is the person who made the seizure, the seizing agency or forfeiture counsel liable to suit or judgment on account of the seizure or action. An order directing seizure issued under ORS 131.561 (Seizure of property subject to forfeiture) constitutes a finding of reasonable suspicion that the property was subject to criminal forfeiture.

(7) Except for deficiencies resulting from disabling a hidden compartment in a motor vehicle with a hidden compartment, nothing in this section prevents a claimant or financial institution from obtaining any deficiency to which the claimant or financial institution would otherwise be entitled.

(8) Nothing in this section or in ORS 131.564 (Status of seized property) prevents a seizing agency from entering into an agreement with a claimant or other person for the reimbursement of the seizing agency for the costs and expenses relating to towing and storage of property or the cost of discharging any possessory chattel lien on the property arising under ORS 87.152 (Possessory lien for labor or material expended on chattel) to 87.162 (Landlord's lien) that attached to the property in the period between the seizure of the property and the release or criminal forfeiture of the property. [2005 c.830 §14; 2009 c.617 §4; 2009 c.874 §3; 2011 c.504 §3]


1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 131—Preliminary Provisions; Limitations; Jurisdiction; Venue; Criminal Forfeiture; Crime Prevention, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ors131.­html (2015) (last ac­cessed Jul. 16, 2016).
 
2 OregonLaws.org contains the con­tents of Volume 21 of the ORS, inserted along­side the per­tin­ent statutes. See the preface to the ORS An­no­ta­tions for more information.
 
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.