Legislative findings regarding deployed parent
- • vacation or modification of judgment for deployed parent
- • temporary order
- • service
- • absence of child from state
(1) The Legislative Assembly finds and declares that:
(a) Establishing a fair, efficient and expeditious process to resolve child custody and visitation issues when a parent is deployed with the Armed Forces of the United States, National Guard or other reserve component is in the best interests of the child of such a deployed parent; and
(b) Courts should, to the extent feasible within existing resources and court practices, prioritize the scheduling for hearing of family law matters involving a deployed parent or a parent whose deployment is imminent, avoid unnecessary delays or continuances and ensure that deployed parents are not denied access to their children because of their deployment.
(2) As used in this section and ORS 107.146 (Expedited hearing upon motion by deployed parent):
(a) “Deployed parent” means a parent of a minor child whose parental rights have not been terminated who is deployed with the Armed Forces of the United States, National Guard or other reserve component.
(b) “Deployment” or “deployed”:
(A) Means military service in compliance with written orders received by an active duty or reserve member of the Armed Forces of the United States, National Guard or other reserve component to report for combat operations, contingency operations, peacekeeping operations, temporary duty, a remote tour of duty or other active military service;
(B) Includes the period of time from which the deployed parent receives and is subject to written orders to deploy to the actual date of deployment; and
(C) Includes any period of time in which the deployed parent is awaiting travel to or from a deployment destination or remains deployed because of sickness, wounds, leave or other lawful cause.
(3) Notwithstanding ORS 107.135 (Vacation or modification of judgment) and except as provided in subsection (4) of this section, a court may not set aside, alter or modify any portion of a judgment of annulment, separation or dissolution of marriage that provides for the custody, parenting time, visitation, support and welfare of a minor child of a deployed parent until 90 days after the completion of the deployed parent’s deployment unless a motion to set aside, alter or modify was filed with, heard by and decided by the court before the commencement of the deployed parent’s deployment.
(4)(a) Notwithstanding ORS 107.138 (Temporary status quo order regarding child custody) and 107.139 (Post-judgment ex parte temporary custody or parenting time order), a court may enter a temporary order modifying the terms of a preexisting judgment of annulment, separation or dissolution of marriage that provides for the custody, parenting time, visitation, support and welfare of a minor child of a deployed parent to reasonably accommodate the circumstances of the deployed parent’s deployment in the best interests of the child, upon motion filed by either party and after service of notice on the other party in the manner provided by ORCP 7, and after notice to the Administrator of the Division of Child Support of the Department of Justice or the branch office providing support services when required by subsection (6) of this section. The nondeployed parent bears the burden of proof that the provisions of a temporary order made under this subsection are not in the best interests of the child.
(b) A temporary order entered under this subsection must include the following provisions:
(A) Parenting time for the deployed parent during periods of approved leave in the best interests of the child;
(B) Parenting time for the deployed parent during periods of deployment in the best interests of the child including but not limited to contact by telephone, electronic mail and other electronic means such as video and visual imaging;
(C) Modification of the child support provisions of the preexisting judgment to reflect the changed circumstances of the parents and the child during the period of deployment;
(D) A requirement that the nondeployed parent provide the court and the deployed parent with written notice 30 days prior to a change of address or telephone number during the period of deployment;
(E) That the temporary order entered under this subsection terminates by operation of law upon completion of deployment and that the provisions of the preexisting judgment that have been modified by the temporary order are automatically reinstated unless a request is made and granted under subsection (7) of this section;
(F) That all other provisions of the preexisting judgment not modified by the temporary order remain in effect; and
(G) That deployment is considered completed for purposes of reinstating the provisions of the preexisting judgment that have been modified by the temporary order 10 days after the date on which the deployed parent serves the nondeployed parent and provides to the court and to the Administrator of the Division of Child Support of the Department of Justice or the branch office providing support services to the county in which the motion is filed copies of written orders or other official notification that the deployed parent is no longer deployed.
(5) A temporary order entered under subsection (4) of this section may include a provision allowing or requiring reasonable visitation between the child of a deployed parent and a stepparent, grandparent or other family member related to the child with whom the child has an ongoing relationship as defined in ORS 109.119 (Rights of person who establishes emotional ties creating child-parent relationship or ongoing personal relationship). In determining the best interests of the child, the court shall consider the factors set forth in ORS 109.119 (Rights of person who establishes emotional ties creating child-parent relationship or ongoing personal relationship) (4) and whether awarding visitation will facilitate the child’s contact with the deployed parent. For purposes of this subsection, a legal parent is presumed to act in the best interests of the child. In making an order under this subsection, the court shall apply a preponderance of the evidence standard.
(6) A true copy of a motion under subsection (4) of this section shall be served by the moving party by mail or personal delivery on the Administrator of the Division of Child Support of the Department of Justice or on the branch office providing support services to the county in which the motion is filed.
(7) Prior to reinstatement of the provisions of a preexisting judgment, a parent may request ex parte a temporary order alleging that the child will be irreparably harmed or placed in immediate danger if the provisions of the preexisting judgment are automatically reinstated upon completion of deployment.
(8) When a court has entered a temporary order under subsection (4) of this section, the absence of a child from this state during a deployed parent’s deployment is considered a temporary absence for purposes of the Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act and this state shall retain exclusive continuing jurisdiction in accordance with ORS 109.701 (Short title) to 109.834 (Severability clause).
(9) The court may award attorney fees and costs reasonably incurred in a proceeding under this section if the court finds that a party caused unreasonable delays, failed to provide information as required by this section or acted to unreasonably interfere with or frustrate contact between a deployed parent and a minor child. [2011 c.64 §2; 2017 c.534 §1]
Note: 107.145 (Legislative findings regarding deployed parent) and 107.146 (Expedited hearing upon motion by deployed parent) were added to and made a part of 107.094 (Forms for restraining order and request for hearing) to 107.449 (Transfer of proceeding under ORS 107.135 to auxiliary court) by legislative action but were not added to any smaller series therein. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.