2017 ORS 100.410¹
Adoption of bylaws
  • recording
  • amendment
  • approval by commissioner
  • fee

(1) The declarant shall adopt on behalf of the association of unit owners the initial bylaws that govern the administration of the condominium. The bylaws shall be recorded simultaneously with the declaration as an exhibit or as a separate instrument.

(2) Unless otherwise provided in the declaration or bylaws, amendments to the bylaws may be proposed by a majority of the board of directors or by at least 30 percent of the owners.

(3) Subject to subsections (4) and (5) of this section and ORS 100.415 (Contents of bylaws) (1)(t), an amendment of the bylaws is not effective unless the amendment is:

(a) Approved by at least a majority of the unit owners; and

(b) Certified by the chairperson and secretary of the association of unit owners as being adopted in accordance with the bylaws and the provisions of this section, acknowledged in the manner provided for acknowledgment of instruments and recorded.

(4) In condominiums that are exclusively residential:

(a) The bylaws may not provide that greater than a majority of the unit owners is required to amend the bylaws except for amendments relating to age restrictions, pet restrictions, limitations on the number of persons who may occupy units and limitations on the rental or leasing of units.

(b) An amendment relating to a matter specified in paragraph (a) of this subsection is not effective unless approved by at least 75 percent of the owners or a greater percentage specified in the bylaws.

(5) The bylaws may not be amended to limit or diminish any special declarant right without the consent of the declarant. However, the declarant may waive the declarant’s right of consent.

(6)(a) For five years after the recording of the initial bylaws, before any amended bylaw may be recorded, the amended bylaw must be approved by the Real Estate Commissioner. The commissioner shall approve such amendment if the requirements of ORS 100.415 (Contents of bylaws) and this section have been satisfied.

(b) The approval by the commissioner under paragraph (a) of this subsection is not required for bylaws restated under subsection (10) of this section unless the bylaws are restated during the five-year period after the recording of the initial bylaws.

(c) If the amended bylaw approved by the commissioner under this subsection is not recorded as required in subsection (3) of this section within one year from the date of approval by the commissioner, the approval automatically expires and the amended bylaw must be resubmitted for approval as provided in this section. The commissioner’s approval shall set forth the date on which the approval expires.

(7) Before the commissioner approves amended bylaws or restated bylaws under this section, the person submitting the amended bylaws or restated bylaws shall pay to the commissioner the fee provided by ORS 100.670 (Fees).

(8) Notwithstanding a provision in the bylaws, including bylaws adopted prior to July 14, 2003, that requires an amendment to be executed, or executed and acknowledged, by all owners approving the amendment, amendments to the bylaws under this section become effective after approval by the owners if executed and certified on behalf of the association by the chairperson and secretary in accordance with subsection (3)(b) of this section.

(9) An amendment to the bylaws must be conclusively presumed to have been regularly adopted in compliance with all applicable procedures relating to the amendment unless an action is brought within one year after the effective date of the amendment or the face of the amendment indicates that the amendment received the approval of fewer votes than required for the approval. Nothing in this subsection prevents the further amendment of an amended bylaw.

(10)(a) The board of directors, by resolution and without the further approval of unit owners, may cause restated bylaws to be prepared and recorded to codify individual amendments that have been adopted in accordance with this section.

(b) Bylaws restated under this subsection must:

(A) Include all previously adopted amendments that are in effect, state that the amendments were approved by the commissioner as required under this section and state that no other changes were made except, if applicable, to correct scriveners’ errors or to conform format and style;

(B) Include a statement that the board of directors has adopted a resolution in accordance with paragraph (a) of this subsection and is causing the bylaws to be restated and recorded under this subsection;

(C) Include a reference to the recording index numbers and date of recording of the initial bylaws and all previously recorded amendments that are in effect and are being codified;

(D) Include a certification by the chairperson and secretary of the association that the restated bylaws include all previously adopted amendments that are in effect, that amendments were approved by the commissioner if required under this section and that no other changes were made except, if applicable, to correct scriveners’ errors or to conform format and style;

(E) Be executed and acknowledged by the chairperson and secretary of the association and recorded in the deed records of each county in which the condominium is located; and

(F) If required under subsection (6) of this section, be approved by the commissioner.

(c) The board of directors shall cause a copy of the recorded restated bylaws, including the recording information, to be filed with the commissioner. [Formerly 94.152; 2001 c.756 §40; 2003 c.569 §31; 2005 c.22 §76; 2007 c.409 §34; 2007 c.410 §13; 2009 c.641 §26a]

(formerly 94.004 to 94.480)

See also annota­tions under ORS 91.505 to 91.675 in permanent edi­tion.

Notes of Decisions

Even if declara­tions filed for purpose of bringing develop­ment within condominium law were defective for failure to conform to statutory require­ments, develop­ment was not vitiated but deficiencies would constitute mis­take in transac­tion thus making instru­ment eligible for reforma­tion in equity. Dickey v. Barnes, Mossberg, 268 Or 226, 519 P2d 1252 (1974)

Developers of planned unit develop­ments which are not organized as condominiums cannot claim the tax advantages of the Unit Ownership Law. Brooks Resources v. Dept. of Rev., 276 Or 1177, 558 P2d 312 (1976)

Purchasers of condominium units are automatically members of the unit owners associa­tion and subject to its declara­tion and bylaws; where those declara­tions and bylaws provide discre­tion to the Board of Directors to assess for fees necessary to create a “unified plan for the develop­ment and opera­tion” of the condominium, and the purchaser has alleged no abuse of discre­tion, the judg­ment of the Board of Directors is upheld. Assn. of Unit Owners of the Inn of the Seventh Mountain v. Gruenfeld, 277 Or 259, 560 P2d 641 (1977)

Acquisi­tion of prop­erty by condominium associa­tion is not limited to prop­erty subject to annexa­tion require­ments. Gier’s Liquor v. Associa­tion of Unit Owners, 124 Or App 365, 862 P2d 560 (1993)

Law Review Cita­tions

16 WLR 253 (1979)

Chapter 100

Notes of Decisions

This chapter does not authorize regula­tion by the Real Estate Division of sales of “right to use” time share interests in condominiums. Royal Aloha Partners v. Real Estate Division, 59 Or App 564, 651 P2d 1350 (1982)

Law Review Cita­tions

18 WLR 95 (1982)

1 Legislative Counsel Committee, CHAPTER 100—Condominiums, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ors100.­html (2017) (last ac­cessed Mar. 30, 2018).
2 Legislative Counsel Committee, Annotations to the Oregon Revised Stat­utes, Cumulative Supplement - 2017, Chapter 100, https://­www.­oregonlegislature.­gov/­bills_laws/­ors/­ano100.­html (2017) (last ac­cessed Mar. 30, 2018).
3 OregonLaws.org assembles these lists by analyzing references between Sections. Each listed item refers back to the current Section in its own text. The result reveals relationships in the code that may not have otherwise been apparent.