2011 ORS § 358.925¹
Seizure of instrumentalities and proceeds of certain violations
  • forfeiture
  • procedure

(1) Violation of ORS 358.920 (Prohibited conduct) or 390.235 (Permits and conditions for excavation or removal of archaeological or historical material) is prohibited conduct for the purposes of ORS chapter 131A. Proceeds and instrumentalities of a violation of ORS 358.920 (Prohibited conduct) or 390.235 (Permits and conditions for excavation or removal of archaeological or historical material) may be seized and forfeited in the manner provided by ORS chapter 131A. An action for civil forfeiture under this section may be commenced by the Attorney General or by the district attorney for the county in which any of the property is seized.

(2) Property subject to forfeiture under this section may be seized by a police officer upon court process. Seizure without process may be made if:

(a) The seizure is incident to a lawful arrest or search or an inspection under an administrative inspection warrant; or

(b) The property subject to seizure has been the subject of a prior judgment in favor of the state.

(3) In the event of a seizure under subsection (1) of this section, a forfeiture proceeding shall be instituted promptly. Property taken or detained under this section shall not be subject to replevin, but is deemed to be in the custody of the police officer making the seizure, subject only to the order of the court. When property is seized under this section, pending forfeiture and final disposition, the police officer may:

(a) Place the property under seal;

(b) Remove the property to a place designated by the court; or

(c) Require another agency authorized by law to take custody of the property and remove it to an appropriate location.

(4) In any action brought under this section, the circuit court shall give priority to the hearing and determination. Pending final determination, the circuit court may at any time enter such injunctions, prohibitions or restraining orders, or take such actions as the court may deem proper.

(5) A judgment rendered in favor of the state in any criminal proceeding for a violation of ORS 358.920 (Prohibited conduct) or 390.235 (Permits and conditions for excavation or removal of archaeological or historical material) shall estop the defendant in any subsequent civil action or proceeding brought by the state or any other person as to all matters as to which such judgment would be an estoppel as between the state and the defendant.

(6) Notwithstanding any provision of ORS chapter 131A, after entry of a judgment of forfeiture in an action under this section, a forfeiting agency shall deliver the forfeited property and proceeds of the forfeited property to the Commission on Indian Services after making any deductions allowed for costs incurred by the forfeiting agency. The commission shall deliver the property and proceeds to the appropriate Indian tribe, as designated by the commission. If there is no appropriate Indian tribe, the commission shall use the property and proceeds for Indian historic preservation. [1983 c.620 §4; 1993 c.459 §5; 2001 c.739 §4; 2003 c.576 §437; 2009 c.78 §59]