2013 ORS § 25.424¹
Liability of withholder
  • action against withholder
  • penalty
  • attorney fees
  • unlawful employment practice

(1) A person who is served with an order to withhold is not subject to civil liability to an individual or agency for conduct or actions in compliance with the order if:

(a) The order is served on the person in the manner provided by ORS 25.402 (Service of order on withholder) (1);

(b) The order is regular on its face; and

(c) The order complies with ORS 25.402 (Service of order on withholder) (2).

(2) A person who is served with an order to withhold is liable to the obligee for:

(a) All amounts that the person fails to withhold or pay as required by the order;

(b) Any damages suffered by the obligee by reason of the failure of the person to withhold or pay as required by the order; and

(c) Any damages suffered by the obligee by reason of the failure of the person to pay withheld amounts within the time specified by ORS 25.411 (When withholding begins).

(3) A person who is served with an order to withhold is liable to the obligor for:

(a) All amounts withheld in excess of the amount required by the terms of the order;

(b) Any damages suffered by the obligor by reason of withholding that is in excess of the amount required by the terms of the order;

(c) Any damages suffered by the obligor by reason of the failure of the person to pay withheld amounts within the time specified by ORS 25.411 (When withholding begins); and

(d) Any other damages suffered by the obligor by reason of the failure of the person to withhold or pay as required by the order.

(4) An obligee or obligor may bring an action to recover amounts under this section, or the Division of Child Support or a district attorney may bring an action on behalf of the obligee or obligor to recover amounts under this section.

(5) If the plaintiff in an action under this section establishes that the conduct of the defendant was willful or grossly negligent, the court shall:

(a) Enter judgment against the defendant for a penalty, payable to the court, not to exceed $250 for each time the defendant failed to withhold or pay the amount required by the terms of the order to withhold, withheld an amount exceeding the amount required by the terms of the order, or failed to pay withheld amounts within the time specified by ORS 25.411 (When withholding begins); and

(b) Enter judgment against the defendant, payable to the plaintiff, for reasonable attorney fees incurred by the plaintiff.

(6)(a) An employer commits an unlawful employment practice if the employer discharges an employee, refuses to hire an individual or in any other manner discriminates, retaliates or takes disciplinary action against an obligor because of the entry or service of an order to withhold under ORS 25.378 (Payment of support by income withholding) and 25.402 (Service of order on withholder) or because of the obligations or additional obligations that the order imposes upon the employer. An obligor may bring an action under ORS 659A.885 (Civil action) or may file a complaint with the Commissioner of the Bureau of Labor and Industries in the manner provided by ORS 659A.820 (Complaints). These remedies are in addition to any other remedy available in law or equity.

(b) Paragraph (a) of this subsection does not apply to actions taken by an employer pursuant to any condition of employment required by law.

(7) Nothing in ORS 25.372 (Applicability) to 25.427 (Rules) precludes an action for contempt for disobedience of a judicial order to withhold. [Formerly 25.363; 2001 c.621 §67; 2003 c.572 §10; 2009 c.445 §1]