2015 ORS § 25.125¹
Disposition of support obligation overpayments
- • debts in favor of state
- • rules
(1) The Department of Justice may return moneys to an obligor when the department determines that the obligor has paid more moneys than are due under a support obligation. However, when the obligor has an ongoing support obligation, the department may give the obligor credit for the excess amount paid and apply the credit to the future support obligation until the credit is fully used. When the department applies a credit to offset a future support obligation, the department shall so notify the obligee. The notice must inform the obligee that, if the obligee requests, the department will conduct an administrative review to determine if the record keeping and accounting related to the calculation of the credit balance is correct. The department shall conduct the administrative review within 30 days after receiving the request.
(2) An overpayment in favor of the state is created when the Department of Justice, under ORS 25.020 (When support payment to be made to Department of Justice), has transmitted moneys received from an obligor to an obligee or a collection agency, a child support agency of another state or an agency of this state and:
(a) The amount transmitted is more than the support obligation requires and the Department of Justice has returned the excess to the obligor under subsection (1) of this section;
(b) The Department of Justice has misapplied moneys received; or
(c) The amount transmitted is attributable in whole or in part to a tax refund offset collection all or part of which has been taken back by the Internal Revenue Service or the Department of Revenue.
(3)(a) The obligee or the agency to whom the moneys were transmitted owes the amount of the overpayment to the state. The Department of Justice shall:
(A) Attempt to recover the overpayment if it is cost-effective to do so;
(B) Notify the obligee or the agency to whom the overpayment was made that the obligee or agency owes money to the state and specify the amount of the overpayment to be returned to the department; and
(C) Give the obligee opportunity to object.
(b) If the obligee does not file a timely written objection, the overpayment amount determined by the department is final and the provisions of subsection (4) of this section apply. If the department does not resolve an objection to an obligees satisfaction, an administrative law judge assigned from the Office of Administrative Hearings shall hear the objection. An order by the administrative law judge is final. An obligee may appeal the decision of an administrative law judge to the circuit court for a hearing de novo.
(c) Notwithstanding paragraph (a) of this subsection, if an agency of this or another state owes the overpayment, the agency shall return the amount of the overpayment to the department without notice and opportunity to object.
(4) The amount of the overpayment specified in subsection (3)(a) of this section is a liquidated debt and a delinquent amount owed to the state. The Department of Justice may recover the debt by obtaining from the obligee a voluntary assignment of a portion of future support payments to be applied to the debt or in any other way permitted by law.
(5)(a) In addition to the debt created under subsection (2) of this section, a debt in favor of the state is created when:
(A) The Department of Justice receives a check for support amounts due from an obligor, a withholder subject to an order to withhold under this chapter or another issuer on behalf of an obligor;
(B) The Department of Justice transmits the amount to the obligee, a child support agency of another state or an agency of this state; and
(C) The check is dishonored.
(b) When a debt is created under paragraph (a) of this subsection, the amount of money specified on the check is owed to the state by all, and the state may collect the debt from one, of the following:
(A) The obligor, regardless of who presented the check.
(B) The withholder, if the withholder presented the check.
(C) The other issuer, if another issuer presented the check.
(c) The Department of Justice shall:
(A) Attempt to recover the debt if it is cost-effective to do so;
(B) Notify the obligor, withholder or other issuer who presented the check that the obligor, withholder or other issuer owes the money to the state; and
(C) Specify the amount of the debt to be paid to the department.
(d) The amount of the debt specified in paragraph (c) of this subsection is a liquidated debt and a delinquent amount owed to the state. The Department of Justice may recover the debt in any way permitted under law.
(6)(a) When an action is pending to terminate, vacate or set aside a support order or to modify a support order because of a change in physical custody of the child, the administrator may suspend enforcement of the support order if:
(A) Collection of support would result in a credit balance if the motion were granted; or
(B) Collection of child support would impair the ability of the obligor with physical custody of all of the parties children to provide direct support to the children.
(b) The obligee may object, within 14 days after the date of the notice of intent to suspend enforcement of the support order, only on the grounds that:
(A) The child is not in the physical custody of the obligor;
(B) The child is in the physical custody of the obligor without the consent of the obligee; or
(C) The basis for the suspension of enforcement is factually incorrect.
(c) A party may appeal the administrators decision to suspend or not to suspend enforcement of the support order under ORS 183.484 (Jurisdiction for review of orders other than contested cases).
(d) As used in this subsection, credit balance means that payments have been made in excess of all amounts owed by an obligor for ongoing and past due child support.
(7) The Department of Justice shall adopt rules to carry out the provisions of this section. [1997 c.385 §2; 2001 c.961 §2; 2003 c.73 §22a; 2003 c.75 §72; 2003 c.572 §5; 2005 c.560 §3; 2015 c.72 §1; 2015 c.74 §1]