2011 ORS § 205.460¹
Order to show cause why invalid claim of encumbrance should not be discharged
  • petition
  • hearing
  • release of invalid claim
  • application

(1) A person whose property is subject to an invalid claim of encumbrance may petition the circuit court of the county in which the person resides or in which the property is located for an order, which may be granted ex parte, directing the encumbrance claimant to appear at a hearing before the court and show cause why the claim of encumbrance should not be stricken and other relief provided by this section should not be granted. The court shall schedule the hearing no earlier than seven days after the date of the order. The scheduled date of the hearing shall allow adequate time for notice of the hearing under subsection (4) of this section.

(2) A petition under this section shall state the grounds upon which relief is requested, and shall be supported by the affidavit of the petitioner or the petitioners attorney setting forth a concise statement of the facts upon which the motion is based.

(3) The petition and affidavit described in subsection (2) of this section shall be in substantially the following form:

______________________________________________________________________________

IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE STATE OF OREGON

FOR THE COUNTY OF _________

_________, )

Petitioner, ) Case No. _____

)

) PETITION FOR AN

) ORDER STRIKING

v. ) AND RELEASING

) ENCUMBRANCES,

) AWARDING COSTS

) AND ATTORNEY FEES

_________, ) AND ORDER TO

Respondent. ) SHOW CAUSE

Petitioner, _________(insert name), by and through _________ (insert name and title of attorney for petitioner, if applicable), petitions this court, pursuant to ORS 205.460 (Order to show cause why invalid claim of encumbrance should not be discharged), for an order striking and releasing purported encumbrances, filed or recorded against Petitioner by Respondent, _________(insert name or names) filed or recorded in book/reel/volume No. _____on page _____ or document/fee/file/ instrument/microfilm No. _____in the _________ (insert name of office where document was filed or recorded), and for an order, pursuant to ORS 205.460 (Order to show cause why invalid claim of encumbrance should not be discharged), for costs and attorney fees required to bring this action, on the grounds that the purported encumbrances have no basis in law or fact. Petitioner further requests that this court enter an order requiring Respondent to appear before this court and to show cause why the above order should not be entered. Finally, Petitioner requests an order from the court requiring Respondent to pay penalties and damages as provided in ORS 205.470 (Liability for filing invalid claim of encumbrance).

DATED this ___ day of______,___.

______________________

Petitioner or Petitioners Attorney

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE STATE OF OREGON

FOR THE COUNTY OF _________

_________, )

Petitioner, ) Case No. _____

)

) AFFIDAVIT OF

v. ) ____________

)

)

_________, )

Respondent. )

____________ )

STATE OF OREGON )

) ss.

County of_________ )

I, _________(insert name of affiant), after being duly sworn, depose and say:

1. I am the above-entitled petitioner (or the attorney for the petitioner) in this matter.

2. The information contained in this affidavit is of my own personal knowledge.

3. Attached as numbered exhibits are true and correct copies of the following documents that were filed or recorded in the _________ (insert name of office where documents were filed or recorded) on _________ (insert date):

(List and attach document(s))

4. For any purported encumbrances identified above the following is true. The encumbrance is not authorized by statute, was not entered into consensually, and is not an equitable, constructive or other encumbrance imposed by a court of competent jurisdiction.

DATED this ___ day of______,___.

______________________

(Petitioner or Petitioners Attorney)

SUBSCRIBED AND SWORN to before me this ___ day of _________, ___.

______________________.

NOTARY PUBLIC FOR OREGON

My commission expires: ______

______________________________________________________________________________

(4) A copy of the petition and the order directing the encumbrance claimant to appear under this section shall be served upon the encumbrance claimant:

(a) By service in the manner provided for personal service of summons under ORCP 7; or

(b) By mailing a true copy of the petition, affidavit and order to the encumbrance claimant at the encumbrance claimants last-known address, both by first class mail and by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested. A notice mailed under this paragraph is effective on the date that the notice is deposited with the United States Postal Service, properly addressed and postage prepaid.

(5) The order to show cause shall be in substantially the following form and shall clearly state that if the encumbrance claimant fails to appear at the time and place noted, the claim of encumbrance shall be stricken and released and that the encumbrance claimant shall be ordered to pay the costs and reasonable attorney fees incurred by the petitioner at trial and on appeal:

______________________________________________________________________________

IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE STATE OF OREGON

FOR THE COUNTY OF _________

_________, )

Petitioner, ) Case No. _____

)

) ORDER TO

v. ) SHOW CAUSE

)

)

_________, )

Respondent. )

THIS MATTER came before the court on _________ (insert date) on Petitioners Petition for an Order Striking and Releasing Encumbrances, Awarding Costs and Attorney Fees and Order to Show Cause. The court, having considered the petition, the Affidavit of _________ (insert name) and the attached exhibits, and it appearing to the court that there are sufficient grounds to issue an order to show cause,

IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Respondent, _________(insert name), appear before this court on _________ (insert date), at ______ (insert time), to show cause why the petition should not be granted in its entirety.

IMPORTANT NOTICE:

IF YOU FAIL TO APPEAR AT THE ABOVE TIME AND PLACE, THE COURT MAY ENTER AN ORDER STRIKING AND RELEASING YOUR ENCUMBRANCE CLAIMS FILED AGAINST PETITIONER AND YOU MAY BE ORDERED TO PAY COSTS AND REASONABLE ATTORNEY FEES INCURRED BY THE PETITIONER.

DATED this ___ day of______,___.

______________________

Circuit Court Judge

______________________________________________________________________________

(6) If the court determines that the claim of encumbrance is invalid, the court shall issue an order striking and releasing the claim of encumbrance and may award costs and reasonable attorney fees at trial and on appeal to the petitioner to be paid by the encumbrance claimant. If the court determines that the claim of encumbrance is valid, the court shall issue an order so stating and may award costs and reasonable attorney fees at trial and on appeal to the encumbrance claimant to be paid by the petitioner.

(7) The procedure set forth in this section is not available against a person lawfully conducting business as:

(a) An institution, a savings bank, a national bank, an out-of-state bank, a federal savings bank or an extranational institution, as those terms are defined in ORS 706.008 (Additional definitions for Bank Act), or a subsidiary of an entity described in this paragraph;

(b) A financial holding company, a bank holding company, a savings and loan holding company or a subsidiary of a financial holding company, a bank holding company or a savings and loan holding company;

(c) A credit union, as defined in ORS 723.006 (Credit union defined), or a federal credit union;

(d) A consumer finance company subject to the provisions of ORS chapter 725;

(e) A mortgage banker or a mortgage broker, as those terms are defined in ORS 86A.100 (Definitions), a mortgage servicing company or any other mortgage company; or

(f) An insurer as defined in ORS 731.106 (Insurer).

(8) The procedure set forth in this section is not available against:

(a) An officer, agency, department or instrumentality of the federal government;

(b) An officer, agency, department or instrumentality of this state; or

(c) An officer, agency, department or instrumentality of a political subdivision or public corporation in this state. [1997 c.290 §3; 1999 c.59 §57; 2001 c.377 §42; 2009 c.541 §9]