2011 ORS § 135.139¹
Notice of availability of testing for HIV and other communicable diseases to person charged with crime
  • when court may order test
  • victims rights

(1) When a person has been charged with a crime in which it appears from the nature of the charge that the transmission of body fluids from one person to another may have been involved, the district attorney, upon the request of the victim or the parent or guardian of a minor or incapacitated victim, shall seek the consent of the person charged to submit to a test for HIV and any other communicable disease. In the absence of such consent or failure to submit to the test, the district attorney may petition the court for an order requiring the person charged to submit to a test for HIV and any other communicable disease.

(2)(a) At the time of an appearance before a circuit court judge on a criminal charge, the judge shall inform every person arrested and charged with a crime, in which it appears from the nature of the charge that the transmission of body fluids from one person to another may have been involved, of the availability of testing for HIV and other communicable diseases and shall cause the alleged victim of such a crime, if any, or a parent or guardian of the victim, if any, to be notified that testing for HIV and other communicable diseases is available. The judge shall inform the person arrested and charged and the victim, or parent or guardian of the victim, of the availability of counseling under the circumstances described in subsection (7) of this section.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of ORS 433.045 (Consent to HIV test required), if the district attorney files a petition under subsection (1) of this section, the court shall order the person charged to submit to testing if the court determines there is probable cause to believe that:

(A) The person charged committed the crime; and

(B) The victim has received a substantial exposure, as defined by rule of the Oregon Health Authority.

(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of ORS 433.045 (Consent to HIV test required), upon conviction of a person for any crime in which the court determines from the facts that the transmission of body fluids from one person to another was involved and if the person has not been tested pursuant to subsection (2) of this section, the court shall seek the consent of the convicted person to submit to a test for HIV and other communicable diseases. In the absence of such consent or failure to submit to the test, the court shall order the convicted person to submit to the test if the victim of the crime, or a parent or guardian of the victim, requests the court to make such order.

(4) When a test is ordered under subsection (2) or (3) of this section, the victim of the crime or a parent or guardian of the victim, shall designate an attending physician to receive such information on behalf of the victim.

(5) If an HIV test results in a negative reaction, the court may order the person to submit to another HIV test six months after the first test was administered.

(6) The result of any test ordered under this section is not a public record and shall be available only to:

(a) The victim.

(b) The parent or guardian of a minor or incapacitated victim.

(c) The attending physician who is licensed to practice medicine.

(d) The Oregon Health Authority.

(e) The person tested.

(7) If an HIV test ordered under this section results in a positive reaction, the individual subject to the test shall receive post-test counseling as required by the Oregon Health Authority by rule. The results of HIV tests ordered under this section shall be reported to the authority. Counseling and referral for appropriate health care, testing and support services as directed by the Director of the Oregon Health Authority shall be provided to the victim or victims at the request of the victim or victims, or the parent or guardian of a minor or incapacitated victim.

(8) The costs of testing and counseling provided under subsections (2), (3) and (7) of this section shall be paid through the compensation for crime victims program authorized by ORS 147.005 (Definitions) to 147.367 (Services to victims of acts of mass destruction) from amounts appropriated for such purposes. Restitution to the state for payment of the costs of any counseling provided under this section and for payment of the costs of any test ordered under this section shall be included by the court in any order requiring the convicted person to pay restitution.

(9) When a court orders a convicted person to submit to a test under this section, the withdrawal of blood may be performed only by a physician licensed to practice medicine or by a licensed health care provider acting within the providers licensed scope of practice or acting under the supervision of a physician licensed to practice medicine.

(10) No person authorized by subsection (9) of this section to withdraw blood, no person assisting in the performance of the test nor any medical care facility where blood is withdrawn or tested that has been ordered by the court to withdraw or test blood shall be liable in any civil or criminal action when the act is performed in a reasonable manner according to generally accepted medical practices.

(11) The results of tests or reports, or information therein, obtained under this section shall be confidential and shall not be divulged to any person not authorized by this section to receive the information. Any violation of this subsection is a Class C misdemeanor.

(12) As used in this section:

(a) HIV test means a test as defined in ORS 433.045 (Consent to HIV test required).

(b) Parent or guardian of the victim means a custodial parent or legal guardian of a victim who is a minor or incapacitated person.

(c) Positive reaction means a positive HIV test with a positive confirmatory test result as specified by the Oregon Health Authority.

(d) Transmission of body fluids means the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal secretions or other body fluids identified by rule of the authority, from the perpetrator of a crime to the mucous membranes or potentially broken skin of the victim.

(e) Victim means the person or persons to whom transmission of body fluids from the perpetrator of the crime occurred or was likely to have occurred in the course of the crime. [1989 c.568 §1; 1993 c.331 §1; 1999 c.967 §1; 2009 c.595 §92]

Note: 135.139 (Notice of availability of testing for HIV and other communicable diseases to person charged with crime) was enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but was not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 135 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.