alternate juror

  • 1.

    To avoid having to retry a case when a juror is excused before the end of trial (for example, because of illness), the court may seat a few extra or "alternate" jurors to hear the trial and be available to replace any juror who is excused. Regular and alternate jurors sit together during the trial. Some judges do not tell jurors which ones are the alternates until the jury is ready to deliberate. State law limits how many alternate jurors the court may seat.

    Oregon Judicial Department 1
  • 2.

    A juror selected in the same manner as a regular juror who hears all the evidence but does not help decide the case unless called on to replace a regular juror.

    United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit 2